• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Blitz - Why were the major cities of Britain bombed in 1940-1941?

Extracts from this document...


History Assignment 1 The Blitz 1. Why were the major cities of Britain bombed in 1940-1941? The major cities of Britain were bombed for many reasons as the bombing was supposed to have a wide range of effects. One was to terrorize civilians and destroy moral by making the British think victory was impossible against this German power. Another was to force the country into either submission or a state of forced peace, as the people could have forced the government to surrender if they felt threatened enough. A third was to cause panic! Hitler seemingly thought if the bombing was destructive enough it was result in mass riots, looting and hysteria! Blowing up people's houses would leave so many homeless it was possible a mass state of panic and uncertainty would ensue. The cities were also bombed to cause casualties (cities are the highest concentrations of people), and destroy buildings. This was always an aim, and was probably the best achieved. Cities, as I said, were the highest concentrations of people in the country. Because of this places were large groups of people would meet were shut down, as these were prime German targets. Also the German's were trying to make ports inoperable and stop imports like food or munitions, with the possibility of forcing Britain into a state of starvation (stopping all supplies). ...read more.


They had Anderson Shelters or used Underground Stations or Public Shelters (like the basement of large buildings, offices and shops etc.) A further difference was the food, especially when in shelters. People generally had to put up with rationed food, or very expensive food. All this was poorer quality than it had been and prices of normal food rocketed. This was due to the bombing of ports, which disrupted imports. Entertainment was ended, so people could no longer go to the theatre, the cinema or watch television. Everybody had a radio, and it became extremely popular as it was the only regular source of entertainment. The cinema was later used for news stories and dispersing information to the general public. However, unfortunately, theatres were also sometimes used as emergency morgues after large bombing runs. Blackout had a big effect on people's lives. During the Blitz, numbers of night-time accidents trebled as street lights were out and cars drove with strong filters. Lack of visibility caused many problems and made life much harder, it meant people had to apply extra work to keep everything dark. Also, many people fled and some were evacuated during the Blitz. A large number of people left cities altogether, not just moving out to the suburbs but many moving far into the countryside. Some children were taken abroad to America and Canada, and rich people and families also went abroad for safety. ...read more.


They stopped people getting demoralized and painted a perfect picture of the war. There were also posters telling people to 'keep mum' which was a way of stopping word spreading too fast. A further example of censorship and protecting the knowledge of the general public was the fact that when bombing was really bad, area's where cordoned off to stop those badly affected from leaving and spreading their demoralized spirits with others. It also stopped anyone from outside coming in, so they could not see the devastation. The government used cinemas during the Blitz to portray news of the war to the public. However the news was extremely slanted and bias, as it was censored and often produced by the government. All the 'actors' were very hard-faced, they claimed that everything was ok and everyone involved was coping well. Any clips of London, for example, were of St. Paul's standing strong and resolute and people all helping in the war effort. There were also films showing that seemingly every town was still standing strong, as though nowhere had been affected. Occasionally when the truth did come out it involved a cool, calm news-reporter walking through a bombed area or a firestorm as though nothing had happened and everything was running smoothly. The reporting was such that you did not doubt the fact that everyone was coping and everything was under control. Therefore it seemed that even the worst hit places weren't truly damaged. James Crowe ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Britain 1905-1951 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Britain 1905-1951 essays

  1. Battle Of Britain - The Popular Myth

    less careful about what he wrote down on paper and could criticise certain people, who he would not of been able to criticise during the war and shortly after the end of the war. The government had created the myth during the war to keep the morale high of the

  2. Why were major cities of Britain bombed by the Germans in 1940-41?

    The government was also concerned that no documents, films or photographs contained any information that would be useful for the enemy. On the other hand, photographs of heroism were put on the front pages of newspapers. The government was concerned that articles which showed panic or hysteria would also lower morale, so these were also restricted.

  1. The Blitz.

    Evacuation was one of the main disruptions to everyday life to people in Britain during the Blitz. There were many different groups of people evacuated, these include: Schoolchildren, Mothers and children, pregnant women, Blind and disabled people, Teachers. As you can see from the list there was a huge amount of people moved resulting in huge amounts of disruptions.

  2. Why were the major cities of Britain bombed by the Germans in 1940-41?

    The Government had to hide (as well as they could) the effects of the bombing so that the German aim of lowering morale could not become a reality. They did their best not to let other countries know the exact details of the bombs, and where they hit.

  1. Britain In theAge of Total War, 1939-1945 - why were the major cities of ...

    shelter so anyone could just come in and take anything they wanted. The British people were especially afraid of dive-bombers so they rigged up huge silver balloons each as big as a house. They were filled with gas and were held down by thick, strong, metal cables.

  2. Why were the major cities of Britain bombed by the Germanys in 1940 - ...

    Because of this he started to get bolder with his air raids. So Hitler decided to bomb Britain during the day. This turned out to be a big mistake by the Germans as every RAF fighter plane was in the skies waiting for them.

  1. The Blitz 1940.

    In conclusion, the major cities in Britain were bombed because the Germans wanted to disable the British war effort and destroy the spirits of the British people. Factories were a main target because they supplied armaments and weaponry to the British army.

  2. Why were the major cities of Britain bombed by the Germans in 1940-41?

    The German bombers returned the next day and a further 412 died. Between September 1940 and May 1941, the Luftwaffe made 127 large-scale night raids. Of these, 71 were targeted on London. The main targets outside the capital were Liverpool, Birmingham, Plymouth, Bristol, Glasgow, Southampton, Coventry, Hull, Portsmouth, Manchester, Belfast, Sheffield, Newcastle, Nottingham and Cardiff.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work