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The Brighton bomber

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Introduction

Section 1- The Brighton bomber Patrick Magee attempted to kill the former Prime Minister, Margaret Thatcher and her cabinet in 1984. He did this during the Conservative party's annual conference. He planted a bomb at the Grand Hotel in Brighton which the Conservative party were staying at. The bomb left five people dead and another 34 injured, miraculously. the Prime Minister and the cabinet managed to escape. Magee had stayed at the hotel before the Conservative party conference and planted a bomb in the room that Margaret Thatcher was later going to be staying in. He had stayed in the hotel three weeks before the bombing under the false name of Roy Walsh. Sussex police traced and eliminated 800 people from 50 countries who had stayed at the hotel in the month before the attack. The only person that could not be traced was Roy Walsh. Magee's true identity was discovered after a palm print from a hotel registration card matched that of Magee. The detectives didn't want to issue a public alert and waited and hoped that Magee would come back to the British mainland. Luckily for them whilst they were tracing another IRA suspect, Peter Sherry, they were led to Magee in a Glasgow safe house in 1985. He had also planned attacks on 16 other hotels around the coast. At Magee's trial in 1986 the judge recommended that he serve a minimum of 35 years in prison. Magee was sentenced for planting and exploding the bomb, five counts of murder and conspiracy to bomb 16 other targets. Magee was released early under the Good Friday agreement. He only served 14 years and was released in 2000. He was the 277th prisoner to be released early under the agreement and there are 500 others due for release. The prisoners are being released early under the Good Friday agreement. The IRA is prepared to give up their weapons in return for all their prisoners being released. ...read more.

Middle

The IRA handed in weapons but they did not hand all of them in. They also couldn't prove how many they handed in and how many they needed to hand in. Magee was still dangerous because he had knowledge about explosives but was unlikely to re-offend because the IRA had called a cease fire and he knew that if he did the police would easily identify him and would have to serve a long time in prison. The peace process would still continue because the IRA and the government have stuck to what they have said. The IRA have stuck to their cease fire and handed in weapons while the government have released prisoners. There has never been total agreement over political decisions in Ireland because both sides are exact opposites of each other. The republicans are Catholics and want a united Ireland while the Unionist are Protestants and want Northern Ireland to stay part of the UK. This decision was bound to be challenged because the different groups have different opinions. This all links in with question 2 because that is about the problems in the way of peace in Ireland and this is about a certain problem that has nearly been resolved with the Good Friday agreement. No attempt to stop the conflict in Ireland has been accepted by all parties except for the Good Friday Agreement. This is the current agreement and up till now the IRA and the government have stuck to the terms of it which may finally lead to peace in Ireland. Section 2- Obstacles to Peace The community in Ireland is divided. There are four major problems preventing peace: religion, power politics, economics and social life. Since the partition of Ireland in the 1920's there has not been long term peace. To try to solve this many agreements have been tried but failed. When Ireland was partitioned in 1921 the Catholics wanted a whole united Ireland while the Protestants wanted separate Irelands. ...read more.

Conclusion

Emigration meant that over 40 million people have Irish ancestors in America today. When President Clinton visited Omagh, shown in source 21, this reinforced the idea that he had an interest in the peace process and that he understood the nature of the conflict. This would also have shown the Irish Americans he was acting democratically. Both President Clinton and Bush want to gain publicity for themselves showing that they have an influence on democratic debates in other countries. They also have to consider the strong alliance and relationship with Britain so cannot be completely one sided. Both Presidents Bush and Clinton did not want to risk upsetting the British because Britain is vital ally in fighting the war on terror. They would want to make up for mistakes made by Noraid, an American group that support the IRA. Source 21 shows both the US president and the British Prime Minister walking through Omagh together. Both of the Presidents responded to ongoing developments. As shown in source 21 President Clinton was consoling the victims of the Omagh bombing. As shown in source 22 President Bush encouraged the IRA's decommissioning of weapons. President Bush also urged Sinn Fein leaders to continue the peace process. This is shown in source 23. Due to America's history they may sympathise with the Republicans in Ireland. America fought a war for Independence in the 1770's which eventually led to the Declaration of Independence. This led to the end British rule in America. Many people still feel that it was a war to stop British Imperialism and empathise with the people in Ireland who believe that the British have taken over their country. Due to all these reasons American Presidents need to take interest in Northern Ireland. If they didn't take an interest the Irish-Americans would criticize them and they would not be acting in the interest of peace around the world. The President's need to act neutrally to resolve the historical issue of Northern Ireland because they have close ties with both the British and the Irish. ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 ...read more.

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