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The causes of the first world war

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The causes of the first world war! The rising Nationalism of many European countries, economic and imperial rivalries and fear of war caused the creation of military alliances and an arms race. Which caused the beginning of the tension that resulted in the outbreak of the World War one! 1. The alliance system: After achieving his expansionary plans, Bismarck had to maintain stability. He therefor set out building European alliances aimed at protecting Germany from potential threatening quarters. In order to diplomatically isolate France, Bismarck formed the three emperor's league, an alliance between Germany, Austria-Hungary and Russia. Five years later Russia left, leaving a new Dual alliance between Germany and Austria-Hungary. ...read more.


Great Britain was in economical decline. France's industry was hit by the loss of Alsace-Loraine. Austria-Hungary also developed and Russia too. Much of the economic rivalry was fought out in the scramble for colonies. 3. Colonial rivalries and Imperialism: Such countries competed for economic expansion in Africa because they were in need of foreign markets, sources of raw material and areas for investment after the industrial revolution. Colonies were also important for military reasons. The collapsing of the Ottoman Empire allured Russia, Austria Hungary and the Balkans. Colonial rivalries caused many crises, which might have caused war and increase tension between the powers. 4. Chauvinism and Belligerence: Nationalism was a popular ideology in Europe that led to chauvinism. ...read more.


The German Schlieffen plan to attack France before Russia in the event of war with Russia was so complicated that drew more countries into war than necessary. 6. Assassination crisis: On June 28 1914, Archduke Francis Ferdinand, heir to the Austria-Hungarian throne, was assassinated in Bosnia, by a Serbian nationalist belonging to an organization named "black Hand". Germany pledged its full support to Austria-Hungary, pressuring them to declare war on Serbia, while France strengthened its backing on Russia. Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia. Russia ordered a partial mobilization only against Austria-Hungary in support of Serbia, which escalated into a general mobilization. The Germans threatened with war if Russia didn't demobilize. On August I, Germany declared war on Russia and two days later to France. The German invasion of Belgium to attack France, which violated Belgium's official neutrality, prompted Britain to declare war on Germany. World war one had begun. ...read more.

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