• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Causes of World War 1

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The Causes of World War 1 Introduction World War 1 started in 1914 and ended in 1918. In this essay I am going to explain the short and long term causes and how they led to the start of World War 1. The war was mainly between The Triple Entente, which was Britain, France and Russia, and The Triple Alliance, which was Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy. All of the causes fall under 5 main categories: Nationalism, Alliances, Militarism, Imperialism and Ideology. Alliances In 1839, Britain signed an agreement with Belgium promising to help them out if they were ever to be attacked by Germany. This falls under alliances because Britain was promising to stick by Belgium if Germany invaded- so this is a friendship group amongst two different countries. I think this was one of the most important causes of World War 1. It led to the start of the war because in 1905, Germany created the Schlieffen Plan, which contained their strategy for fighting Russia and France because in the event of a war, Germany would be surrounded by these enemy countries. So Germany wanted to invade France so they could then focus entirely on fighting Russia, but in order to invade France they had to go through Belgium, and because Britain had promised to help Belgium if they were attacked, Britain then went and attacked Germany. ...read more.

Middle

Although I don't think this was one of the most important causes of World War 1, I think it lead to a war because Germany and Britain were already competing to get the best military. Militarism was when people believed that having the best military made your country the best, therefore, in the event of a war whoever had the biggest military would have the bigger advantage. This led to more arguing between the two countries. Imperialism In 1871, Germany took the Border region of Alsace-Lorraine from the French control. France wanted revenge for this because it had been part of Eastern France since 921, during the reign of King Louis the German and later became part of the Roman Empire. This, therefore, played an important part of World War 1 because Alsace-Lorraine became a geo-political prize between the French and German powers- with harsh and rash actions taken by both parties. France was eager to regain this territory and finally did in 1919 at the end of World War 1, at the treaty of Versailles. Russia wanted a bigger empire. It was an enemy of Austria-Hungary and wanted to help countries in the Austro-Hungarian Empire to become more independent. ...read more.

Conclusion

their fellow Slav nation and declare war on Austria and in doing so cover up their real intention- grabbing a piece or all of Austria. This was quite important as it was the second link in the chain of events that led to the start of World War 1. Conclusion The war was caused by lots of small links combining together to create a chain reaction. These links i.e. both Germany and Russia wanting more land, past resentments (Germany taking Alsace-Lorraine), the Germans wanting to prove they were as powerful as other countries (Militarism), Austria trying to keep its empire together (Nationalism), the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand and past treaties being honoured (Treaty of London, 1839). When we actually study the beginning of the chain- the first link was set in place by the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand, by a Serb student in Sarajevo on June 28th, 1914. When Austria declared war on Serbia, Russia, a fellow Slav nation, went to Serbia's side and Germany supported its ally, Austria and France was allied with Russia. When the Germans invaded Belgium, Britain joined the war because of the Treaty of London- therefore Britain declared war on Germany. World War 1 had begun. So in my conclusion, the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand was the most important factor of World War 1. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. What were the causes of Indian Independencein 1947, and was partition inevitable?

    However as most the representatives for India were in prison, the first conference fell apart, so a second was made in 1931 as Gandhi was released from prison. Agreements were made on salt laws but eventually the meeting broke down as both sides were stubborn and the British obstinate not to give more power.

  2. Why did the second world war break out?

    Without Hitler trying to make war and with him cooperating, the League of Nations could have stopped the war. As Germany was in the League of Nations Hitler was also informed of any decisions that the league made and therefore could develop his plan in a way to weaken the League of Nations and the powerful members involved.

  1. Gallic war

    * Caesar called Conference of Luca in 56 ? renewal of triumvirate. Was in best interests of each triumvir to maintain coalition. Led to 2nd joint consulship of Pompey/Crassus in 55. Gains for triumvirs: * Pompey: provinces in Spain. * Crassus: province of Syria; military campaign in 55/53. * Caesar: extension of command in Gaul for further five years[Cd12].

  2. COLD WAR

    Indeed, it has become a commonplace among commentators to observe that the distinction between foreign policy and domestic policy is becoming increasingly blurred, if not arbitrary and artificial. But the corollary of this commonplace all too often is overlooked: although the current international security environment is quite favorable to U.S.

  1. Nazi Germany

    Source: http://www.nytimes.com/1999/07/04/weekinreview/word-for-word-nuremberg-laws-display-los-angeles-legal-foreshadowing-nazi-horror.html?pagewanted=1 THE REICH FLAG LAW The Reichstag has unanimously approved the following law, which is herewith made public: Paragraph 1 The colours of the Reich are black, white, and red. Paragraph 2 The Reich and National flag is the swastika flag.

  2. History Coursework - Modern World Study - The Long March

    Many GMD party members fled to Taiwan after the GMD was defeated to avoid persecution. Since the source isn't reliable, it isn't as useful, however, I think it is important that we study both sides when we look at the importance of the Long March, so I'll give it a 4/10.

  1. How did the Cold War begin?

    Although it failed, owing to Tet Offensive finally it became clear even to Americans that there was no way to win, thus American opposition to the war was considerably intensified and this resulted in President Johnson not standing for re-election in 1968.

  2. The causes for the decline and fall of the Roman Empire

    Elagabalus was assassinated by his palace guards, and his body was thrown in the Tiber. The wealthy aristocrats in power were allowing no space for the common people.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work