• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Causes that led to the outbreak of the Second World War

Extracts from this document...


The Causes that led to the outbreak of the Second World War The reason war broke out in 1939 is almost completely because of the long-term causes that the treaty of Versailles besotted upon the world, in particular Germany. The other contributors to the outbreak of war were the aggressive nationalism of Germany, Italy and Japan, the League of Nations and the policy of appeasement. Italy and Japan's attitude had a huge impact on Germany and especially Hitler. Japan's invasion of Manchurian in 1931-1933 and their plans to expand throughout more of China encouraged Hitler and in 1933 before he even came to power Hitler had plans about the foreign policy. He intended to expand through Russia and Eastern Europe and believed that by taking over these countries he would make an important victory over the communists and Jews. The policy of appeasement is the attitude of France and even more so Britain to Germany and it's aggressive manner. Many people in Britain believed that the Treaty of Versailles had been too harsh and so when Germany led by Hitler began to make plans and break it's rules France and Britain ...read more.


However as the people of the Saarland voted to rejoin Germany and because Britain and France were not prepared to resist German occupation of German territory it was allowed. Also the French army was not well placed to react quickly and it is thought that a French invasion might have been treated as a declaration of war and encourage Hitler to react, which would have led to a Franco-German war. In Europe the League of Nations could do nothing as Hitler tore up the Treaty of Versailles. In Asia the League was a bystander as the Japanese invaded northern China and by 1937 Japan, Italy and Germany had all left the League of Nations. The idea of collective security disappeared. In 1936 Germany had formed the Rome-Berlin Axis with Italy in which they agreed that while Italy expanded to the south they would not object to Germany taking over Austria. Hitler failed to unite the country by pressuring the Austrian Chancellor so in 1938 he invaded Austria and announced the Anschluss between Germany and Austria. ...read more.


In August of 1939 Hitler and Stalin agreed not to attack each and secretly between them divided up Poland and the Baltic states. This agreement meant that Hitler needn't fight a war on two fronts and could invade Poland and then attack Western Europe. On September 1st 1939 Hitler invaded Poland. Britain and France declared war. These facts show that the aggressive nationalism of Germany, Italy and Japan, the weakness of the League of Nations and the policy of appeasement are all equally responsible for the outbreak of war because without Germany's aggressive nationalism Hitler would not have succeeded in running the country and therefore could not have rearmed or invaded the Rhineland, Austria, Czechoslovakia and Poland and without the aggressive nationalism of Italy and Japan, Hitler might not have had the courage or ideas to pursue his foreign policy. The weakness of the League of Nations to act to what Italy, Japan and Germany where doing just made it easier for them to caring on and expand there empires, and the policy of appeasement could have stopped Hitler long before he gained so much power but failed to therefore making war almost inevitable. 9th September 2001 Jessica Roach 11A ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. What were the causes of World War II?

    They are not to be ashamed of their country! Hitler came to power in 1933. He did not agree with the Treaty of Versailles and very soon he began to go against what it said. Basically he was to put the ideas of Mein Kampf into action. As Hitler came to power he be began to build up his armed forces.

  2. Was the policy of appeasement the most important reason for the outbreak of the ...

    The League of Nations failed because of many reasons. It had weaknesses such as the fact that decisions had to be unanimous which was impractical and therefore decisions were slow. The League also met infrequently and so there were delays.

  1. How did Appeasement lead to the outbreak of the Second World War ? The ...

    He also thought that by agreeing to some of the demands being made by Adolf Hitler of Germany he could avoid a European war. The Tench did not attack as they knew without any back-up from Britain they were sure for a loss.

  2. To what extent can it be argued that appeasement was the cause of the ...

    What is the effect of this upon what is called the balance of power?" Here Churchill is voicing his concerns for the safety of Europe, he acknowledges that the balance of power is unwisely tilted towards Germany, which will inevitably result in more demands and possibly war.

  1. Germany was solely responsible for the outbreak of World War II - Discuss.

    But he did not increase the army size outright, to get around it he got men who wanted to join the army to join the political parties instead, and so it was not technically an army. At the time, Hitler had only weak protests from France and Britain even though he was in clear breach of the treaties.

  2. "Hitler's Foreign Policy and the Outbreak of the Second World War, 1933-39"

    An example of appeasement was the Munich agreement of September 1938. The British and French agreed to the German military occupation of the Sudentenland. They also agreed to the Hungarian and Polish demands for territory. Czechoslovakia was told to accept the terms of the treaty or fight alone.

  1. Was the failure of the League of Nations the most important reason for the ...

    pay reparations of �6,600,000,000 and didn't want anything that stood for it. Hitler saw all these weaknesses of the League and believed that if he invaded a country the League would be unable to stop him. This was a very important reason because if Hitler thought he had powerful oppositions, he might not have started war.

  2. What Were the Causes of the 2nd World War.

    The income of German farmers fell by about half between 1928 and 1932. There was a massive discontent with the Democratic government. In addition, some German politicians had been unhappy for years with democracy and many senior army officers and civil servants disliked the rule of parliament.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work