• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Civil Rights Movement.

Extracts from this document...


GCSE America The Civil Rights Movement The Campaign for Civil Rights in Education � The belief that all people regardless of skin color should have the right to a decent education. � 1n 1945 the two areas where segregation and racism was most obviously applied was in housing and education. � In the southern states the African Americans lived in the poorest areas with the worst facilities. � Without a good education no-one could advance themselves in society. � Therefore a poor education guaranteed a poor lifestyle for the African Americans. � Within the south the general philosophy was that an educated 'boy' could become a danger. There was also a belief that they were not intelligent enough deserve an education. 1896 Supreme Court: 'Separate but Equal' � This was a law that established that segregation was allowed in education but the provision for all students at schools and colleges of further education had to be the same. ...read more.


By 1938 he was the chief legal advisor to the NAACP. � Marshall led the campaign to make sure that the education of Black Americans was equal to that provided for Whites. As a consequence of his campaign the Supreme Court in June 1950 issued two orders: � Texas was forced to admit an African American student to a whites only law school � Oklahoma was banned from segregating facilities within its graduate school of education. � These decisions encouraged the NAACP to carry on fighting to end segregation in other states. The most famous of these cases was the Brown v the Board of Topeka case. The consequences of the Brown vs Topeka case. � The decision had an enormous impact on Americans. � For many people campaigning for civil rights the decision by the Supreme Court was wonderful news. ...read more.


� There was enormous resistance to the law in many states. Many states in the south refused to pay desegregate their schools. � In March 1956 22 southern Senators and 82 Representatives issued the Southern Manifesto which claimed that the Supreme Court had abused its judicial power and that they would do all they could to stop the forcible desegregation of schools in the south. � In some states such as Mississippi it gave an extra boost to those racially more extreme than others. Racial moderates gave way to these extremists determined to prevent black people gaining civil rights. � In some places 'White Citizens' Councils' were formed to resist integration. � The Ku Klux Klan also campaigned to prevent integration. They burnt houses and churches and committed many acts of violence against individuals. Their aim was to intimidate the African Americans to keep to their 'own' schools so that desegregation might exist on the statute book but not in actual reality. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1941-80 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1941-80 essays

  1. The Nationalist Option And Its Consequences on the Movement Towards Equality.

    He convinced southern white employers and governors that Tuskegee offered an education that would keep blacks "down on the farm" and in the trades (Seraile, 1991, p. 23). To prospective northern donors and particularly the new self- made millionaires such as Rockefeller and Carnegie he promised to instill the idea of the Protestant work ethic.

  2. Case Study on Swazi culture

    Later Sobhuza was sent to Lovedale College in South Africa. When the Swazi were given the right to collect taxes, the queen mother used the money to pay the king's education and cure the cattle disease. Sobhuza was installed king in 1921 and fought to regain land through the British

  1. The scope of this investigation is to discover the Rastafari movement mainly by considering ...

    Second of all this investigation has tried to provide the reader with a deeper insight of the causes why the Rastafari culture is acknowledged all over the world. The specified sources in form of a detailed view on famous people who represent Rastafari give an even better impression about the origin and the cause of the recognition.

  2. Brown vs. Board of Education

    Meanwhile, there was another school only seven blocks away, but it was segregated for white children only (Dougherty). When his daughter Linda was to enter the third grade in September, Brown took her to the whites-only school and tried to enroll her.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work