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The Civil Rights Movement.

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The Civil Rights Movement. The civil rights movement really began to take off in the 1950's. It began over the issue of education. Black people were forced to go to schools that were inferior and had very little facilities. This proved that "separate but equal" was wrong and not working. The first case that helped bring about a change in the law was: LINDA BROWN VS THE TOPICA BOARD OF EDUCATION-CANSAS. Linda Browns father took the board of education to court so that his daughter could go to a white school. He won the case because in 1954 the Supreme Court stated separate but equal was wrong. Unfortunately for Linda the states, for the first year, ignored the decision and she was forced to attend a black only school. Black people were still forced to attend poorer schools and colleges. They still didn't have the right to vote and the Jim Crow Laws were still in action, despite the ruling of the Supreme Court. ...read more.


The news spread around America and influenced 70,000 people to take part in theatres, cafes, cinemas, etc. The black protesters were attacked and put into prison. Jail cells were filled with black protesters, more and more protesters were arrested until the court couldn't cope with the number of prisoners. Due to peaceful protesters the media were attracted to the news so more and more people heard about the protests and saw the white people as aggressive as they used violence and racism to remove them from segregated areas. The Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee was established. In the 1960's the congress of racial equality organised the Freedom Riders. They were organised to test the laws which banned segregation on interstate busses and trains. The march set off from Washington and headed off to New Orleans. They soon discovered that they weren't welcome anywhere. Birmingham was the most segregated city in the United States. All public facilities were segregated despite the civil rights act of 1957. ...read more.


would disqualify a black person from voting- this would not effect a white persons vote.15,000 black people lived in Selma Alabama but due to these strict rules only 325 black people were allowed to vote. MLK visited Alabama and yet again was met with violence. This was his aim. If he could show people that white people were violent towards black people, people would notice that blacks do nothing wrong and receive violence. Within 3 years of the Civil Rights act, the majority of black people eventually had what they wanted, the right to vote. Overall I think that black people were right and should have fought to get what they wanted. The Civil Rights Act was very successful in obtaining the vote for black people between 1955 and1965 because they worked hard to gain the vote for blacks when they didn't have to. They managed to protect the lives of innocent black people and showed their determination to do what was right. Also it ordered desegregation so black people no longer had to use inferior facilities and they had a better education. ...read more.

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