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The Collapse of Peace.

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Introduction

The Collapse of Peace At the Munich Conference on September 15th Hitler met with Chamberlain and proclaimed that he was only interested in parts of the Sudetenland and didn't want to invade all of Czechoslovakia. Chamberlain thought this fair and believed that by appeasing Hitler one last time he would at last be satisfied. However on the 19th of September after Britain and France had made plans to give Hitler what he wanted, Hitler regretted that he made the wrong decision, and he wanted all of the Sudetenland. Chamberlain told Hitler this demand was unreasonable and the British navy set sail, war seemed inevitable. On September 29 1938 a final meeting was held between Britain, France, Germany, and Italy. The Czechs were not invited, neither were the USSR who had made a pact to protect Czechoslovakia. In this meeting they decided to give Hitler the whole of the Sudetenland and Europe believed peace had been achieved. In September 1939 Hitler invaded Poland which led to World War 2. The reason for this was at the end of World War 1, Germany was made to sign the treaty of Versailles. This treaty gave away much of German land. Throughout the 30's Hitler got back most of this land due to the leniency of Britain and France who were following the policy of appeasement. ...read more.

Middle

Also many people in Britain saw the limitations on Germany's armed forces as too tight; Germany was completely defenceless as a result of the treaty of Versailles and many Germans had a deep feeling of hatred towards Western Europe as a result. By letting Germany re-arm it was hoped that Germany would become a peaceful nation once again. Hitler's foreign policy is perhaps the most obvious cause of World War. These were plans openly stated by Hitler to the German public and they consisted of 4 main aims. These were to unite all German speaking people, to gain living space for German people (lebensraum) to defeat communism and to undo the Treaty of Versailles. All of these causes meant aggression; Hitler couldn't possibly achieve these aims without upsetting some countries and without causing trouble, especially where it came to invading other countries such as Poland to gain land. For this reason Hitler's foreign policy can be looked upon the main cause of the war. Without these there would have been no conflict, this would have resulted in no war. Having said this, how we dealt with Hitler's aggression is another cause for concern. How Britain and France acted towards Hitler throughout the 30's became known as the policy of appeasement. ...read more.

Conclusion

Perhaps the worst effect of appeasement was the fact it was loosing the USSR as an allie against Hitler. Hitler made no secret of his plans to expand eastwards and appeasement gave the Soviet Union the impression that Britain and France would not stay in Hitler's way. Without the USSR causing the Germans to fight on 2 fronts, Britain and France could simply not have coped with a full scale attack against them. In conclusion, Hitler's foreign policy was the biggest reason why War broke out in 1939. Without these aims, it is safe to say that there would have been little or no conflict in Europe throughout this time period. Despite this I could say that about every reason. A war would not have happened if we had not let Hitler re-arm, and equally war would not have happened if we had stopped Hitler straight away and not let him get away with anything (even though this would have been a highly unpopular choice at the time). Therefore War happened because it happened and thank god it did. The world learned many lessons leading up to and throughout World War 2 about international relations that prevented complete world destruction from nuclear war in the 50's and 60's. Without War 2, it is safe to say none of us would be here today. James Cockerill ...read more.

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