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The colonization of America caused great hardships for the Native Americans.

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Introduction

Michelle Pasternak Hist141 June 21, 2001 Question #1 Prior to the coming of European explorers, Native Americans lived freely in the land now known as the United States. The Native Americans had devised their own system of living. They lived in tribes, grew crops and hunted wildlife for food. Though there were intertribal conflicts and battles, the Native Americans occupied a great deal of land, and lived freely. All changed once Europeans began exploring America. The exploration and colonization of America brought many new changes for the Native Americans. There was an ever-changing relationship between the Native Americans and the new settlers. Though Native Americans experienced some positive changes at some points, they mostly experienced negative consequences from European exploration and colonization. One of the greatest effects on the Native Americans was the decline of their population due to the coming of Europeans. There were several reasons for the decline of the Native American population, one of which was disease. The Europeans brought new diseases to the New World for which the Native Americans had no immunity to. ...read more.

Middle

Economically, the Native Americans benefited from the Europeans because of fur trading. The Native Americans would hunt animals and sell the pelts to the French. This trade established alliances between the Native Americans and the Europeans. Though much interaction between the natives and the Europeans was violent and brutal, there were some instances that the two cultures got along and live in harmony. The early Spanish immigrants married Indian women and people of mixed race dominated several colonies in the early Spanish Empire. Throughout colonization many Indians married Europeans and then converted to Christianity and completely assimilated into European culture. For example, Pocahontas, the daughter of the chief of the Powhattan tribe converted to Christianity in 1614, and married her husband, John Rolfe. Pocahontas moved to England with Rolfe. The colonization of Europeans brought many changes for the Native Americans. Disease, agriculture, economy, and assimilation were all major changes in the Native American culture, but no change was more significant than the fight for land. Before Europeans discovered the new world, Native Americans had plenty of land. ...read more.

Conclusion

Wild animals decreased in numbers because of the increase in the European population, and forests were being lost. The Native Americans were losing their land piece by piece. Conflicts between the Native Americans and the Europeans continued through the sixteenth century. In 1795 the Treaty of Greenville was signed. This treaty gave the Indians their own land and was the first acknowledgement by the United States government to the sovereignty of the Indian tribes. Prior to this treaty the United States did not believe that the Native Americans had any legal rights to keep the land they called their own. This was a major step in protecting the Native Americans from further westward expansion in the Ohio Valley, and kept the Indians' land protected for at least a short time. The Native Americans went through great change when Europeans began colonizing in the United States. The Native Americans learned new trades and customs, but also suffered immensely. The Native Americans were killed by both European diseases and at the hands of the new settlers. At the beginning of the seventeenth century there were over 100,000 Indians in New England, by 1675, however, only about 10,000 remained. The colonization of America caused great hardships for the Native Americans. ...read more.

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