• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Conflict of Northern and Southern Ireland.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The Conflict of Northern and Southern Ireland General Background In Ireland there are two opposing sides: - The Nationalists (or Republicans) and the Unionists (or Loyalists). They both want different things. The Nationalists want Ireland to return to being one country instead of having a separate, divided Ireland. The Unionists, however, want Northern Ireland to stay part of the United Kingdom. The Unionists have no designs on extending the United Kingdom in to Southern Ireland but would wish to retain the present political dominance over the political parties that the Republicans support. There is a majority of Protestants in Northern Ireland and the Republican parties will never win a general election. The Republicans, however, wish to overturn the present situation by uniting Ireland and allowing one government to rule the country instead of the British Government ruling the north from Westminster. The political situation is made more complicated by the religious differences between the two sides. The Nationalists are generally Roman Catholic, whereas the Unionists are Protestants. Whilst both are supposedly Christian it has allowed the political conflict to become a sectarian war where people were murdered for nothing more than their religious beliefs. There are also different factions within the two sides; both have an extremist party and a more moderate political party as well as terrorist groups that support the opposing factions. ...read more.

Middle

Terrorist outrages involved such acts as the killing of a Catholic pop band, the Miami Showband, by Nationalists (who took them out of their van after a concert and shot them) to the blowing up of a young child at Warrington in Britain. The IRA could only have succeeded with support from the Catholic population. This support was fuelled by the events of Bloody Sunday. Enniskillen -The Protestant Tragedy On the 8th Novembver the BBC reported: 'A bomb has exploded during a Remembrance Day service at Enniskillen in County Fermanagh, killing 11 people. At least 63 people were injured in the blast, nine of them seriously. The device went off without warning at the town's cenotaph where people had gathered to pay their respects to the war dead. The dead included three married couples, a retired policeman and a nurse.' The War Memorial at Enniskillen In the aftermath of the bombing a tone of forgiveness was set by Gordon Wilson whose daughter, Marie, was killed and who was himself injured in the attack. "I bear no ill will. Dirty sort of talk is not going to bring her back to life. She was a great wee lassie," Mr Wilson said. A group called Enniskillen Together was set up to further the cause of reconciliation in the area. The IRA lost support worldwide after the bombing. ...read more.

Conclusion

In the end, the Ulster Unionist, SDLP and Sinn Fein leadership welcomed the agreement. Several Unionist MPs defected from the party to oppose the Agreement. The final Agreement was posted to every household in Northern Ireland and put to a referendum on May 22. The result was overwhelmingly in favour of the Agreement: 71.2% of people in Northern Ireland and 94.39% in the Republic voted Yes to accepting the Agreement. In spite of what was seen as the success of the Good Friday Agreement, problems remain. The IRA have not handed in their weapons; there is still no working cabinet in Northern Ireland; there are still incidents of sectarian violence such as violence outside Catholic schools and there is continued mistrust of the police and the military. There is a cease-fire in place but the existence of the various splinter groups of terrorist organisations cause concern that the troubles may re-ignite. The troubles have lasted too long to simply end because of the Good Friday Agreement. Most people in Northern Ireland will know someone who has suffered at the hands of the terrorists. The resentment and distrust will take many generations to remove entirely. There are still instances of prejudice and discrimination in every part of Society and as a result Republicans will still strive for a united Ireland. It is to be hoped that they will do so by democratic methods rather than resorting to violence and terrorism. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 essays

  1. Northern Ireland - The Good Friday Agreement was created in April 1998, and then ...

    The Orange Order still protects the interests of Protestants today, and members of the Orange Order march every July to commemorate the victory of Protestant King William III at the Battle of Boyne in 1690. This shows just how significant the Battle of Diamond was as the Orange Order was formed because of this battle.

  2. What are the main differences between Republicans / Nationalists and Unionists / Loyalists?

    set up to form a new government; only democratic parties would be involved in talks; the British government would only accept the unity of Ireland with the consent of those in the north; the Irish government accepted that amendments would be made to its constitution which claimed Ulster as part of its territory.

  1. Ireland - What are the main differences between the beliefs of the Republicans/Nationalists and ...

    A North-South council would also be established made up of ministers from the Republic and the new Northern Assembly. In addition, it stated that there would be a review on policing, because presently the police were Unionist. Early release for paramilitary prisoners was promised as well.

  2. Causes of conflict in Northern Ireland.

    In 1968 the British army was sent into Northern Ireland to keep the Northern Protestants and the Catholics both Northern and Southern apart to prevent street fighting, at the start the Catholics saw them as a blessing but as time went on the Catholics started to see the British army

  1. How realistic is a United Ireland in the context of past and present events? ...

    Also in a United Ireland there would a higher number of nationalists compared to the number of unionists. This in this past has led unionist to believe that they may feel under threat by the nationalists and it wouldn't be fair to them to join and become one state.

  2. Did Partition solve the problems in Ireland

    * Made the north-eastern state only the 3 counties of Ulster with protestant majority. This would have created an uneconomically viable state with very little power or self-efficiency. But would have made fairer the situation for all the Catholics in the other counties of Ulster and made unfairer the situation for the protestants in those same states.

  1. Explain the role and nature of Paramilitary groups in the Troubles of Northern Ireland ...

    (Rowthorn and Hawke) The political violence in Northern Ireland appeared to reach its peak from 1972-77. 'Since 1970 the main form of violence had changed from sectarian rioting into a triangular guerrilla war.' (Darby) Despite the ceasefire of 1972, the IRA had lost much support as a result of it's countless acts of terror.

  2. Co-operation and Conflict - Northern Ireland and Republic of Ireland.

    It was the Battle of the Boyne. There is no date that can be remembered in Irish history than 1690. There has not been a Battle more famously remembered than the victory of William III over James II at the River Boyne, a few miles west of Drogheda.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work