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The congress of Aix la Chappelle, Troppau and Laibach were admirable and an enlightened attempt to regulate international affairs through peaceful discussions. Do you agree?

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Introduction

The congress of Aix la Chappelle, Troppau and Laibach were admirable and an enlightened attempt to regulate international affairs through peaceful discussions. Do you agree? In theory these three congresses were meant for the good of international affairs but put into practise they managed to do quite the opposite. The congress of Aix la Chappelle was called to consider matters relating to France and to determine France's relationship with the other powers. France seemed to become stable and tranquil so they requested the withdrawal of the foreign army of occupation and the congress agreed. France had been admitted to the peace making process at Vienna under Article VI of the treaty of November 1815 (Quintuple alliance). As a result, this completely contradicted the Treaty of the Quadruple Alliance, which was mainly concerned with maintaining the peace settlement imposed upon France and letting her into the deliberations of the victorious allies meant that the new Quintuple Alliance had lost its original purpose. On the positive side it meant that France was now 'stable and tranquil' so it could participate in international affairs and not be seen as a nation, which provoked negativity. The Great Powers motives and involvement in the Congress of Troppau was that there was a succession of disturbances in Europe, which were likely to have international consequences mainly the Spanish, and Neapolitan revolts. ...read more.

Middle

What was agreed was quite different to the purpose of peaceful discussions as if any states undergo revolution or change of government the alliance could 'cease to be members of the Holy Alliance and that the assembled members had a duty to use coercion 'to bring it back to the bosom of the Alliance' until there situation guarantees for legal order and stability. The powers bind themselves by peace or by arms'. This was supported by the three eastern powers and suggests the treaty is there to stop the spread of revolution and nationalism and the right of free speech. This is not admirable in any way, as it is not taking into account international affairs but affairs relating to the success of their own nation and preventing liberation. Metternich called this 'the great divide' which had begun, with the failure of the congresses. Europe was divided as well as the Alliances helping Europe to prevent division and outcry. From this we can see a possible hidden France - Russian front. The congress of Laibach was a complete triumph for Metternich. France's attempt to support the cause of moderate revolution had been a failure, serving only to annoy the Tsar. Alexander had been persuaded to abandon the cause of liberalism. In the Greek revolution against the rule of the Sultan of Turkey the Great Powers would not give aid to the rebellious Greeks. ...read more.

Conclusion

So the three Alliances could have done more worse than good. The fact that there was an Alliance does suggest progress in Europe's advancement but the resourcefulness just was not there to see the motives develop and flourish. As a result of the divide their interpretations of the Congress System is quite different. Freidrich von Gentz saw it to 'put a halt to revolts. Suppress revolutionary ideas if its main purpose of Congress was just to keep order in France' suggesting that revolutions should be suppressed with any means necessary, not by peaceful discussion. Metternich interpretation 'acts as a restraint of the potential ambitions of Tsar Alexander' suggesting that Austria's main interest is not to see Russia extend their powers. Whereas the Powers together came to a completely different purpose as it 'should only happen to deal with the affairs of European states of their invitation' which is quite different to the eastern autocracies ides to revolutionary activity 'any states undergo revolution or change of government are to be excluded from the treaty by peaceful means or brute force' which does not suggest peaceful discussion or being invited to help but a means of competing in a war. So from this I can conclude by believing that the Alliance was intentionally there for the good of Europe but the division caused only caused selfish ideas to corrupt the system and use it to benefit them by means of brute force. Riccardo Spagnoli 1 ...read more.

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