• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The congress of Aix la Chappelle, Troppau and Laibach were admirable and an enlightened attempt to regulate international affairs through peaceful discussions. Do you agree?

Extracts from this document...


The congress of Aix la Chappelle, Troppau and Laibach were admirable and an enlightened attempt to regulate international affairs through peaceful discussions. Do you agree? In theory these three congresses were meant for the good of international affairs but put into practise they managed to do quite the opposite. The congress of Aix la Chappelle was called to consider matters relating to France and to determine France's relationship with the other powers. France seemed to become stable and tranquil so they requested the withdrawal of the foreign army of occupation and the congress agreed. France had been admitted to the peace making process at Vienna under Article VI of the treaty of November 1815 (Quintuple alliance). As a result, this completely contradicted the Treaty of the Quadruple Alliance, which was mainly concerned with maintaining the peace settlement imposed upon France and letting her into the deliberations of the victorious allies meant that the new Quintuple Alliance had lost its original purpose. On the positive side it meant that France was now 'stable and tranquil' so it could participate in international affairs and not be seen as a nation, which provoked negativity. The Great Powers motives and involvement in the Congress of Troppau was that there was a succession of disturbances in Europe, which were likely to have international consequences mainly the Spanish, and Neapolitan revolts. ...read more.


What was agreed was quite different to the purpose of peaceful discussions as if any states undergo revolution or change of government the alliance could 'cease to be members of the Holy Alliance and that the assembled members had a duty to use coercion 'to bring it back to the bosom of the Alliance' until there situation guarantees for legal order and stability. The powers bind themselves by peace or by arms'. This was supported by the three eastern powers and suggests the treaty is there to stop the spread of revolution and nationalism and the right of free speech. This is not admirable in any way, as it is not taking into account international affairs but affairs relating to the success of their own nation and preventing liberation. Metternich called this 'the great divide' which had begun, with the failure of the congresses. Europe was divided as well as the Alliances helping Europe to prevent division and outcry. From this we can see a possible hidden France - Russian front. The congress of Laibach was a complete triumph for Metternich. France's attempt to support the cause of moderate revolution had been a failure, serving only to annoy the Tsar. Alexander had been persuaded to abandon the cause of liberalism. In the Greek revolution against the rule of the Sultan of Turkey the Great Powers would not give aid to the rebellious Greeks. ...read more.


So the three Alliances could have done more worse than good. The fact that there was an Alliance does suggest progress in Europe's advancement but the resourcefulness just was not there to see the motives develop and flourish. As a result of the divide their interpretations of the Congress System is quite different. Freidrich von Gentz saw it to 'put a halt to revolts. Suppress revolutionary ideas if its main purpose of Congress was just to keep order in France' suggesting that revolutions should be suppressed with any means necessary, not by peaceful discussion. Metternich interpretation 'acts as a restraint of the potential ambitions of Tsar Alexander' suggesting that Austria's main interest is not to see Russia extend their powers. Whereas the Powers together came to a completely different purpose as it 'should only happen to deal with the affairs of European states of their invitation' which is quite different to the eastern autocracies ides to revolutionary activity 'any states undergo revolution or change of government are to be excluded from the treaty by peaceful means or brute force' which does not suggest peaceful discussion or being invited to help but a means of competing in a war. So from this I can conclude by believing that the Alliance was intentionally there for the good of Europe but the division caused only caused selfish ideas to corrupt the system and use it to benefit them by means of brute force. Riccardo Spagnoli 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1900-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1900-1939 essays

  1. Notes on International Relations 1919-1939

    the Weimar Republic, were blamed for the Treaty of Versailles * The German people thought that Ebert and the socialists were traitors of Germany * Cartoon = starving child (The Well Fed German?) o Social comment on how the reparations were effecting the people of Germany * i.e.

  2. The new deal was not a complete success". How far do you agree with ...

    Although this was seen as a long term affect because jobs would be created, but not everyone would have a job because there maybe not enough jobs created. This is why it has to be considered as a long term affect because in the future people will demand more electricity

  1. El Salvador and the involvement of the FMLN Strategies

    Women became part of the FMLN as full time cooks, radio operators and other roles as well. Liberation theology generally understood women as mothers whose suffering should be less, but not as fully active political subjects. Many females suffered the death of their partners during the years of the combat with the FMLN.

  2. In order for it to succeed, must a strategic alliance be an alliance between ...

    In this case, where learning is the goal, the termination of an agreement cannot be seen as a failure, nor can its longevity and stability be seen as evidence of success (Strategic Management Journal, 1991). Broadly speaking there are two different perspectives on collaboration.

  1. In what ways and with what success did successive British Governments seek to promote ...

    However in reality both Russia and Germany continued to regard each other with considerable suspicion. In 1922 Bonar Law and his Conservative Government came into power with Lord Curzon continuing to be Foreign Minister. Both were much less committed to economic co-operation with Russia and threatened to end the trade agreement.

  2. With the Reference to the meetings between 1818-22, explain what you understand by the ...

    Conferences of Verona and St. Petersburg have dissolved all the alliances, Quadruple and the alliance between Austria, Russia, and Prussia. This settlement was the first attempt to establish a general peace in Europe by co-operation between the major powers. The idea of collective security called "Concert of Europe" was also developed.

  1. History - International Relation Coursework

    [4] (b) Why did the League fail to stop Japan's conquest of Manchuria? [6] (c) "The League of Nations failed because in the 1930s most countries were only concerned with their own interests." Do you agree with this statement? Explain your answer.

  2. History Revision notes - International Relations: Why did WW2 break out? 1929-1939

    The Anschluss with Austria, March (1938) Hitler had a major aim to create a union (Anschluss) between the two German speaking countries, Austria and Germany, so that he could continue building a Großdeutschland (greater Germany). Even though the Treaty of Versailles clearly made this union forbidden, Hitler planned to invade Austria.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work