• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Consolidation of Power 1933-4

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The Consolidation of Power 1933-4 Hitler becomes president, fuhrer of Germany on the 2nd of August 1934, and the Nazis have complete control. To get there Hitler had to effectively braps out his opposition, firstly while Hitler is chancellor, he catches (frames) the communists for the Reichstag Fire on the 27th Feb 1933, so he issued a decree for the 'protection of the people and the state' then he took over all state governments and put all his opponents in prison, including the communists. Although in the election they only got 44% of the vote they gained 288 seats with Hitler now having only a majority of 16 seats, the Reichstag then pass the 'enabling act' which enabled him to ignore both the Reichstag and the President. The Nazis then seize the trade unions, and the Social Democrats decided to call it a day. Then Hitler orders the SS to take out the SA and his pal Rohm because of their dangerous revolutionary ideas, on the 'Night of the Long Knives' the SA got tonked so to speak. On the 2nd August Hindenburg dies, and Hitler then becomes Dictator, Fuhrer, Supreme Commander and what not. So how did Hitler go from Chancellor with only two other Nazis in the 11 strong cabinet to an all powerful dictator? ...read more.

Middle

Landslide victory? Alas no. They only gained 43.9% of the vote but they did get 288 seats. The Catholic Centre party slightly increased its share, while the Social Democrats' share slightly reduced. However, the most outstanding result was the communist party. Their share only went down by 1million, but considering all their leaders were in 'protective custody' (gaol) and the party was not allowed to hold meetings, it was a remarkable result. The German National People's Party (Hitler's chums) got 3.1million votes and a total of 52 seats, this combined with the Nazi's 288 gave Hitler a majority of just 16. The Enabling Act 1933 Hitler was totally over democracy; it had served its purpose and now it was time to get rid of it. He did this by passing the Law of the Alleviation and Distress of people and Reich (the Enabling Act). On March 23rd the members of the Reichstag (except the communist who weren't allowed in) passed the Enabling Act by a majority of 441 to 84. Now Hitler did not have to answer to the Reichstag, the people or the President. The Legal Revolution The Legal Revolution, known by the Nazis as Gleichschaltung (coordination), was going to bring every aspect of German legal life under the control of the party. ...read more.

Conclusion

So on June 21 1934 Hitler is called to meet the old and frail Hindenburg, who tells Adolph "either sort the SA out or the army will take control of the country." That made his mind up for him and on the 30th of June 1934 Hitler ordered the murders of Rohm, all of the leading figures in the SA and anyone else who might pose a threat to him. The list included Gregor Strasser (the dude who resigned when Hitler sucked up to big business) and General von Schleicher, (the guy who was chancellor before Adolph). So everyone was happy, Hindenburg congratulated Hitler on his 'determined and gallant intervention,' the army leadership was happy because the slaughter had been necessary for the 'defence of the state.' The SA was no longer a threat to the army, but the SS's power had grown and they were now the leading threat to the officer class within the Nazi state. The Death of Hindenburg On the second of August 1934 Hindenburg died. Guess who now becomes president? Yep and he throws in the title of fuhrer (leader) and makes the army acknowledge him as Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces for good measure. On the 19th of August 90% of German voters gave their approval to Hitler and he held a big party at Nuremburg for his supporters. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. How important was the Reichstag fire in Hitlers consolidation of power?

    Some years after this Goering claims to have started the fire, this statement is confirmed by a Nazi General at the war crimes trial. Both of these theories are still being argued today. Another factor that was important to Hitler's consolidation of power is the Enabling Act.

  2. The Consolidation of Hitler's Power.

    Their function was to serve as Hitler's private army, and in doing so they terrorised others and broke up other political meetings. In 1934, the SA had become restless and unstable. They interfered at various levels of the government. While Hitler believed that the so called 'Nazi Revolution' had come

  1. How and Why Hitler gained power in 1933

    He reminded people of the strength Germany had as a monarchy, with the Kaiser as leader. The elections in 1930 showed a remarkable breakthrough in Nazi support. Their representation jumped from twelve to one hundred and seven seats. They were suddenly the second largest party in the Reichstag.

  2. Were the events which took place during the Night of the Long Knives (June ...

    Another example of R�hm directly challenging the F�hrer can be seen again from comments made by R�hm, this time to Kurt Ludecke in January 1934.

  1. Thr opposition of the Church.

    This is the story of a small and idealistic resistance group. Not like the main resistance movement, their activities were hopeless, but they sure proved great heroism and courage among the group's members. Our story begins in one young man, named Hans Scholl.

  2. Modern World History Coursework - Reichstag Sourcework

    He says that; 'The whole thing is ridiculous. Even if I had started the fire, I would most certainly not have boasted about it'. This contradicts everything that is known about G�ring's character; he had extravagant tastes and was mentally dependant on narcotic painkillers (mainly morphine).

  1. Reichstag Fire.

    This is evidence that Diels was not acting simply on obedience to Hitler and the Nazi party, even though it was published after the war and Hitler's death (its likely that Diels would never have dared speak a word to contradict Hitler before the end of the war, for fear of being killed).

  2. Source based work about Van der Lubbe's involvement in the Reichstag fire of February ...

    He is a Nazi supporter, so he does not mention this side of the story, and so his account is immediately biased against the Communists. He does not give the possibility that the Communists were not at all involved. For example, he says that Lubbe was carrying Communist pamphlets in his pockets.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work