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The Consolidation of Power 1933-4

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Introduction

The Consolidation of Power 1933-4 Hitler becomes president, fuhrer of Germany on the 2nd of August 1934, and the Nazis have complete control. To get there Hitler had to effectively braps out his opposition, firstly while Hitler is chancellor, he catches (frames) the communists for the Reichstag Fire on the 27th Feb 1933, so he issued a decree for the 'protection of the people and the state' then he took over all state governments and put all his opponents in prison, including the communists. Although in the election they only got 44% of the vote they gained 288 seats with Hitler now having only a majority of 16 seats, the Reichstag then pass the 'enabling act' which enabled him to ignore both the Reichstag and the President. The Nazis then seize the trade unions, and the Social Democrats decided to call it a day. Then Hitler orders the SS to take out the SA and his pal Rohm because of their dangerous revolutionary ideas, on the 'Night of the Long Knives' the SA got tonked so to speak. On the 2nd August Hindenburg dies, and Hitler then becomes Dictator, Fuhrer, Supreme Commander and what not. So how did Hitler go from Chancellor with only two other Nazis in the 11 strong cabinet to an all powerful dictator? ...read more.

Middle

Landslide victory? Alas no. They only gained 43.9% of the vote but they did get 288 seats. The Catholic Centre party slightly increased its share, while the Social Democrats' share slightly reduced. However, the most outstanding result was the communist party. Their share only went down by 1million, but considering all their leaders were in 'protective custody' (gaol) and the party was not allowed to hold meetings, it was a remarkable result. The German National People's Party (Hitler's chums) got 3.1million votes and a total of 52 seats, this combined with the Nazi's 288 gave Hitler a majority of just 16. The Enabling Act 1933 Hitler was totally over democracy; it had served its purpose and now it was time to get rid of it. He did this by passing the Law of the Alleviation and Distress of people and Reich (the Enabling Act). On March 23rd the members of the Reichstag (except the communist who weren't allowed in) passed the Enabling Act by a majority of 441 to 84. Now Hitler did not have to answer to the Reichstag, the people or the President. The Legal Revolution The Legal Revolution, known by the Nazis as Gleichschaltung (coordination), was going to bring every aspect of German legal life under the control of the party. ...read more.

Conclusion

So on June 21 1934 Hitler is called to meet the old and frail Hindenburg, who tells Adolph "either sort the SA out or the army will take control of the country." That made his mind up for him and on the 30th of June 1934 Hitler ordered the murders of Rohm, all of the leading figures in the SA and anyone else who might pose a threat to him. The list included Gregor Strasser (the dude who resigned when Hitler sucked up to big business) and General von Schleicher, (the guy who was chancellor before Adolph). So everyone was happy, Hindenburg congratulated Hitler on his 'determined and gallant intervention,' the army leadership was happy because the slaughter had been necessary for the 'defence of the state.' The SA was no longer a threat to the army, but the SS's power had grown and they were now the leading threat to the officer class within the Nazi state. The Death of Hindenburg On the second of August 1934 Hindenburg died. Guess who now becomes president? Yep and he throws in the title of fuhrer (leader) and makes the army acknowledge him as Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces for good measure. On the 19th of August 90% of German voters gave their approval to Hitler and he held a big party at Nuremburg for his supporters. ...read more.

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