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The culture of Singapore draws on China, Indonesia, India and the west, and there are numerous societies and clubs that continue these traditions.

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Introduction

Located between Malaysia and Indonesia, the total area is only 630 sq. km, which is extremely small by any standards. People have remarked that not only is it really just a large city with extensive suburbs, but that it is governed in the same way as a chief executive might control a major corporation. Indeed many people refer to Singapore as a city-state. Singapore has an undramatic scenery, with lowlands and a gently undulating central plateau. The highest point is Bukit Timah at only 175m. Only 10% of the land can be described as arable, and even then soils are not good. However intensive and modern agricultural techniques have made the most out of this restricted resource, creating highly productive farms of both fruit and vegetables. The culture of Singapore draws on China, Indonesia, India and the west, and there are numerous societies and clubs that continue these traditions. The city of Singapore has an active Indian downtown called Little India, a small, vibrant and varied community. It is also fair to say that profit is now at the centre of the modern Singaporean's approach to life, although this is less the case with the ethnic Malaysians. ...read more.

Middle

The first Malays were mainly involved in agriculture or, before Raffles, were camp followers of the Temenggong (Defence Minister) of the Sultan of Johor. Then came the Chinese; The first Chinese immigrants came from Riau and Melaka (Malacca), many belonging to the distinct Baba community (also known as Straits-born Chinese). In February 1821, the first junk from Amoy, China, arrived and others soon followed. The Hokkiens from Fujian province formed the largest group. Others included the Cantonese from Guangdong; the nomadic Hakkas or Khehs from northern Guangdong; the Teochews from Shantou; the Kwongsais from Guangxi; the Hokchius from Fuzhou and the Hainanese from Hainan Island. Most were poor farmers, labourers or craftsmen. The first Indians came from Penang and Malacca. Others migrated from the Coromandel and Malabar coasts of Southern India (mainly from the present states of Madras and Kerala). They also came from Gujarat, the Punjab, Sind, Bengal and Sri Lanka. The early Indians were soldiers or camp followers and a few were merchants. Indentured labourers were brought in later by the British for construction work. ...read more.

Conclusion

In the late 19th century, many more Indian immigrants arrived to find work, be it as laborers to build roads or to take up key positions in the civil service. In 1843, cattle rearing and a racecourse were introduced near what is now known as Little India, thus resulting in the heavy influx of Indians. This area, once covered in gambier, banana, and vegetable plantations, had become a flourishing commercial center for the Indian community. The area continues to bring in many foreign workers from India. Important facts about different ethnic and religious groups in Singapore :- Chinese * Percentage of population: 76.4% * Languages and dialects spoken: Chinese (Cantonese, Hakka, Hokkien, Mandarin, Teochew); English * History and origins * Religions o Buddhist o Christian o Taoist o Confucianist Malay * Percentage of population: 14.9% * Languages and dialects spoken: Malay, English * History and origins * Religions: Islam Indian * Percentage of population: 6.4% * Languages and dialects spoken: English, Tamil, Malaylee, Panjabi, Chinese, and Malay * History and origins * Religions o Hindu o Muslim o Sikh o Christian Other * Percentage of population: 2.3% * Languages and dialects spoken: Malay, Chinese, English, bazaar Malay (now rarely used). ...read more.

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