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The development of Nazi policies towards the Jews

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Introduction

The development of Nazi policies towards the Jews The development of the Nazi's Jewish policies was intended to lead to a "final solution" of the Jewish problem, leaving Europe free of Jewish blood and ready for occupation by the German 'master race'. The Nuremberg Laws governed the relationships between Germans and Jews, but they took a long time to be developed and finalised. Some feared the possible international consequences of racist measures. The government was still unable to agree definite criteria for establishing an individuals race. From 1935 onwards influential men such as Goebbels were applying pressure to get more done. Nazi newspapers published many lewd stories which implied that Jews were raping thousands of German girls. Local Party organisations stepped up their actions against Jews. There were renewed attacks on synagogues and Jewish shops. Demands for a "Blood Protection Law" which would prevent marriages between Jews and Germans continued to grow. The Minister of the Interior, Frick, instructed registrars to stop performing 'racially mixed marriages', and implied that in the near future this would become a law. ...read more.

Middle

The German conquest of Poland was to have dire consequences for Poles in general and for Polish Jews in particular. A special task force, "einsatzgruppen", was set up to "combat all anti-German elements in enemy territory". They followed behind the German army, killing anyone in possession of authority, even doctors and teachers. By the terms of the "Nazi-Soviet pact" Germany acquired a large amount of the Poland, and this was soon governed by Himmler as the "Reich Commissar for the Consolidation Of German Nationhood". The RFKD settled Germans in conquered territories and made sure that the Jews had no way of retaliating against their new masters. Hitler at this time gave his permission to the S.S. and police to carry on with their atrocities. A "General Government" area was set up also, which soon became a dumping ground for Poles, Jews and Gypsies, where they were made to do forced labour for the Germans. ...read more.

Conclusion

Meanwhile, in September 1941 the first gassing experiments took place at Auschwitz on Russian prisoners of war. The officials were obviously pleased with the results, as gassing became a widespread means of execution. Now that mass execution was becoming widespread, diligent co-ordination of the various agencies involved was essential. In November 1941 Heydrich invited many department heads together to discuss these logistical matters. The Wannsee conference was finally held on 20 January, 1942. Lasting only a short time, common procedures were decided on about the 'resettlement of Jews in the East, involving forced labour and extermination plans. Eichmann said later that the "talk was of killing, elimination and liquidation". The conference effectively gave endorsement of the government to the existing annihilation program, and set into motion a much thought about industrial process. Throughout the years of 1935 to 1942, the Nazi's Jewish policies were slowly built up from small scale ideas, into the large scale implemented actions which could have, if they had been allowed, guaranteed the destruction of all Jews in Europe. 1 Benedict Ashton ...read more.

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