• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The early metropolitan police force.

Extracts from this document...


As you may already know, the police force in the late 19th Century was in its early stages of creation. The creator of the Metropolitan Police Force, which is my main focal point, Sir Robert Peel, had the intention to try and control law and order in London as it was slowly winding out of control. This was happening all over England at this time. Before Sir Robert set up the Met. Police, patrolling the streets of London trying to sustain law and order were two groups, both of whom worked the same but, indeed, very different. One of these groups were the Bow Street Runners which had been roaming the streets since 1749, were young lads walking around the streets and when spotting a sign of trouble they used to run back to their base, presumably in Bow Street, and tell Henry Fielding, before his successor Robin Redbreasts, what the people involved looked like. For this, these lads were given money or food as they were mainly from a poor ethnic background. The other group Thames River Police Force, formed by The West India Trading Company 1798, were the first real police force to operate. This police force mainly patrolled around the docks of London trying to catch the smugglers who were bringing thing illegally into Britain. ...read more.


An example of when this happened was after the Annie Chapman murder when the people who lived opposite the murder scene in Hanbury Sreet rented out their balconies to passer-by's who were intrigued to know what is happening. This wasn't a good thing for the police as this put pressure on them to crack the case quicker otherwise if there was another murder (as there was) these crowds would persist and follow them everywhere and make gestures at them saying that they cant catch the Ripper. In particular, the Newspapers were quick to make news out of the murders and criticise their lack of success. One of the main reasons that the Ripper murders attracted so much attention was because they happened in a poor area of London. Whitechapel. Why there was so much attention of the murders is pretty obvious when you think about it and study all of the evidence that there is for this topic. Why they attracted so much attention was because most people in the Whitechapel district had no jobs to occupy them during the day. When they were on the streets looking for food to feed their ever-growing families they used to follow the crowd to see if they were gathering around a rich man giving out money or food. ...read more.


How the police worked in the 1880s' is very different today. If you didn't have the person doing the crime at the scene of the crime then there was almost no chance of catching him. Going back to what I had said earlier, the police mainly followed the big leads that suggested that the Ripper was either a horse slaughterer or a butcher. That was probably the biggest mistake the police did in trying to capture him and they kept on doing it again and again. The Ripper was leading the investigation for his neck himself as he had the police following up leads that lead to dead ends. This then resulted in the police arresting the wrong people like the three horse slaughterers who were caught and believed to be the murderers but they all had an alibi to prove that they were working the night that Jack struck again. This, naturally, made the police unpopular as they were arresting anyone who looked like they fit in to be the murderer instead of checking further like following him to see how he or she behaves when they are around women. Looking at the evidence for and against the police they were digging a hole and falling in deeper and deeper. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. Why did women receive the vote in the early 20th centaury

    "What good did all this violent campaigning do us?" her response to this was that their campaign for women suffrage had created it into a manner of news. Although this did help them to be noticed they still did not get the vote.

  2. Jack the Ripper Coursework

    It is also known that Tumblety owned a large collection or anatomical specimens. These included, by the report of one who saw them, about a dozen jars containing wombs from 'every class of women'. If Tumblety were the Ripper his flight would explain why the murders suddenly ceased.

  1. Describe law and order in the late nineteenth century

    On the 13th November 1887, the metropolitan police charged a demonstration by the Metropolitan Radical Federation. They were backed up by two squadrons of life guards and also two companies of foot guards. The reason for the polices actions were mainly up to the House of Commons, as they believed that the police were acting 'impartially'.

  2. Why whitechapel murders attracted attention.

    At 4.45 am and 4.50 am John Richardson entered the yard to make sure that the door of the cellar had not been tampered with. He was sure that there was no body there at that time. The second witness was Albert Cadosch; he said he heard voices coming from

  1. Jack the Ripper. Describe law and order in London in the late nineteenth century

    Therefore blue was more of an adequate colour. So, the Metropolitan Police Force was given a blue uniform. The bobbies had been armed with a 'truncheon' although the constables had the right to carry cutlasses, but firearms had been forbidden at first.

  2. The Whitechapel Murders 1888 - Describe law and order in London in the ...

    death during a political riot in Cold Bath Fields, was found not guilty of murder. The judge felt that the 500 policemen brought in for crowd control, had been an overreaction and it was a case of justifiable homicide. Cases like these were common up until the First World War,

  1. The Panchayat system as an early form of conflict resolution in Trinidad.

    The word Panchayat also spelled Panchayet, Panchite or Punchayet or Hindi Pancayat, literally translated means a group or council of five6. The name Panchayat derived from the Sanskrit idiom panca, which translates into the meaning five. Traditionally, the Panchayat was regarded as a council of five elders mediating on issues that affect the life of the people in a village.

  2. Law and order in 19th century London - Case Study: The search for "Jack ...

    These five murders were the first ever publicized serial killings and in the period before 1888 there had never been any such killing on this level. These five victims of the commonly known 'Jack the Ripper' received a lot of media attention.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work