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The early metropolitan police force.

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As you may already know, the police force in the late 19th Century was in its early stages of creation. The creator of the Metropolitan Police Force, which is my main focal point, Sir Robert Peel, had the intention to try and control law and order in London as it was slowly winding out of control. This was happening all over England at this time. Before Sir Robert set up the Met. Police, patrolling the streets of London trying to sustain law and order were two groups, both of whom worked the same but, indeed, very different. One of these groups were the Bow Street Runners which had been roaming the streets since 1749, were young lads walking around the streets and when spotting a sign of trouble they used to run back to their base, presumably in Bow Street, and tell Henry Fielding, before his successor Robin Redbreasts, what the people involved looked like. For this, these lads were given money or food as they were mainly from a poor ethnic background. The other group Thames River Police Force, formed by The West India Trading Company 1798, were the first real police force to operate. This police force mainly patrolled around the docks of London trying to catch the smugglers who were bringing thing illegally into Britain. ...read more.


An example of when this happened was after the Annie Chapman murder when the people who lived opposite the murder scene in Hanbury Sreet rented out their balconies to passer-by's who were intrigued to know what is happening. This wasn't a good thing for the police as this put pressure on them to crack the case quicker otherwise if there was another murder (as there was) these crowds would persist and follow them everywhere and make gestures at them saying that they cant catch the Ripper. In particular, the Newspapers were quick to make news out of the murders and criticise their lack of success. One of the main reasons that the Ripper murders attracted so much attention was because they happened in a poor area of London. Whitechapel. Why there was so much attention of the murders is pretty obvious when you think about it and study all of the evidence that there is for this topic. Why they attracted so much attention was because most people in the Whitechapel district had no jobs to occupy them during the day. When they were on the streets looking for food to feed their ever-growing families they used to follow the crowd to see if they were gathering around a rich man giving out money or food. ...read more.


How the police worked in the 1880s' is very different today. If you didn't have the person doing the crime at the scene of the crime then there was almost no chance of catching him. Going back to what I had said earlier, the police mainly followed the big leads that suggested that the Ripper was either a horse slaughterer or a butcher. That was probably the biggest mistake the police did in trying to capture him and they kept on doing it again and again. The Ripper was leading the investigation for his neck himself as he had the police following up leads that lead to dead ends. This then resulted in the police arresting the wrong people like the three horse slaughterers who were caught and believed to be the murderers but they all had an alibi to prove that they were working the night that Jack struck again. This, naturally, made the police unpopular as they were arresting anyone who looked like they fit in to be the murderer instead of checking further like following him to see how he or she behaves when they are around women. Looking at the evidence for and against the police they were digging a hole and falling in deeper and deeper. ...read more.

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