• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Factors which Lead to the Abdication of Tsar Nicholas in March 1917

Extracts from this document...


The Factors which Lead to the Abdication of Tsar Nicholas in March 1917 In March 1917 Tsar Nicholas abdicated his, and his sons position as tsar of Russia. It had become impossible for him to continue because of the vast discontent across all the social classes. This situation did not just arise overnight it was brewing for a long time. It is also impossible to attribute his abdication to one specific factor because it was down to many. War broke out in 1914 and in the beginning it actually united Russia, although this was only to last a short period of time. This was because the majority of people thought the war would last only a matter of months. Pre World War One Russia was very divided and lacked national cohesion, the population hoped that the war would quickly and effectively unify the country. As the months went on and there was still no sign that the war was over people became very hostile towards the Tsar. This was not helped by the crippling financial situation the nation was in. In 1914 Russia had achieved remarkable financial stability but this was shattered by the war. Between 1914 and 1917 over one and a half billion roubles were spent on the war. The national budget increased from four million roubles in 1913 to thirty million in 1916. ...read more.


Even the military commanders in the army turned against him because he appeared to undermine their authority when he took personal control of the troops in August 1915. Duma members were getting increasing frustrated with the situation. They had little role in government and as time went on there aggravation increased. This is a stark contrast to August 1914 when the Duma showed total support for the tsar by voting for its own suspension for the duration of the war. Within one year voices of opposition to the tsar were coming from the Duma. When they saw the war was going badly they demanded its formation again. Nicholas agreed to this but rejects its appeal for the dismissal of his incompetent ministers. The Kadets and the Octobrists joined forces to form the "Progressive Bloc" in June 1915. This group became the focal point of the political opposition to the tsar. The SR's did not join this group but its members voted with the Progressive Bloc within the Duma. By 1917 even the Elite Romanov family and Cabinet Ministers had turned against the tsar. This was mainly due to the role of Rasputin within the government. Rasputin was a starets (holy man) from Siberia. It was rumoured that he belonged to a religious sect, the Kylysty. They believed religious ecstasy lay in the senses. Men and women flogged themselves and sometimes engaged in sexual acts. Rasputin's involvement with the Romanov dynasty flourished because of his alleged healing powers. ...read more.


As a whole they new that only major concessions could suppress the situation. Nicholas in his stubbornness decided to dissolve the Duma. It did so formally as an assembly but a group of twelve members disobeyed the order and set up as the Provisional Committee. This was the first constitutional defiance of the tsar. On 27th February a layer by the name of Alexander Kerensky then sensationally called for the tsar to stand down or be deposed. Nicholas now faced an impossible situation. He had a crisis with his popularity basically everyone hated him. He had failed to deliver on his reforms in the past so even if he promised new ones he would be ignored. He had neglected the problems of the workers and peasants. World War One's negative impact had exacerbated Russia's existing problems. Finally the military had turned against him. On 28th February army commanders prevented Nicholas returning to the capital because of the current situation. On the 4th March 1917 Nicholas abdicated his, and his sons position as tsar of Russia. So what was the main factor that lead to his abdication? In my opinion it was the war. Once it was clear Russia was not going to win everything spirals out of control for the tsar. If Russia had not entered the war and the tsar had made moderate reforms, like Stolypin's land reforms, I think he might have survived. In conclusion this was a truly complex situation caused by many factors. The tsar had backed himself into a corner from which he had no choice but to step down. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Was Nicholas II Responsible for His Own Downfall? What can you learn from ...

    4 star(s)

    This source should be very accurate, as Durnovo would have an excellent view and understanding of the political situation. The memorandum states that if Russia did go to war and were defeated, a social revolution would be the probable outcome.

  2. How Successful Was Roosevelt’s New Deal?

    Russia was no longer a feudal, backward agricultural nation but an industrialised major world power. He built many new industrial towns like Magnitogorsk, he provided electricity for all the new and existed cities and towns. Despite these great achievements, I believe that Stalin was a monster because he sacrificed too

  1. What Happened To The Romanov Family?

    Source J also says at the end that the lorry in which they carried the bodies bogged down in a swamp, so they buried the remains right there. This is strange because before that, it says they found the remains in a burial pit.

  2. What happened to the Romanov Family? Sourcework

    Sources A and B were written, which would explain why Source C contains far greater amounts of detail about the disposal of the bodies. This suggests that source C is likely to be slightly more reliable than sources A and B.

  1. Why did the Tsar survive the revolution of 1905, but not that of 1917?

    Middle classes and the peasants also joined due to their shock from Bloody Sunday. Other revolutionary groups were introduced such as the S.R's, the Bolsheviks and the Mensheviks. This was exceptionally dangerous for the Tsar, as there were alternative forms of government being created.

  2. What Happened to the Romanov Family? - source related study

    This means that the sources may not be as reliable as evidence will have been lost. Also the Bolsheviks were becoming more powerful in the civil war, and because Sokolv was a White supporter, he may have been pressurised by certain groups to draw certain conclusions.

  1. "What caused the Russian people to act in such a radical manner as to ...

    Russia's performance in the war exposed the corruption and inefficiency of the government and greatly undermined its authority over the people. Near the end of the Russo-Japanese war, in 1905, a priest, Father Gapon, who was one of the organisers of a trade union, decided to put together a petition and present it to the Tsar at his Winter Palace.

  2. Was World War 1 the main reason for the abdication of the Tsar

    of the Tsar because if Russia?s largest industry collapses because of angriness towards the Tsar then issues are sure to increase and pressure on his rule. World War One is seen by most as the main reason for the abdication of the Tsar.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work