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The Fall Of The Roman Empire

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Introduction

The Fall Of The Roman Empire Rome was one of the biggest, most powerful empires in recorded history. Such an empire could not fall due to one factor alone in a short period of time. It was a slow process of decay. Many factors would influence the toppling of this Empire, such as social gaps, religion, economical troubles, and corruption in politics. Among all of these factors, one of the most obvious and major causes was the crumbling of one most powerful military forces in history, The Roman army. It is widely believed that the fortunes of Rome were directly linked to the prowess and stability of her military. During the later periods of the Empire, this military would steadily deteriorate for a number of reasons. In the end, this was one of the chief factors that led to the toppling of what had once been the mightiest empire in the world. ...read more.

Middle

Starvation and forcible deportation must be considered as well. Another factor influencing this slow decay was utter disorganization. Historian Arthur Ferrill states that the massive Roman army, consisting of perhaps two hundred thousand men eventually disintegrated into an unorganized crowd. Rome began to grant citizenship to any free man within the Empire who was willing to fight. It used to be that non-citizens who served in the Roman army would be granted citizenship at the end of their enlistment. Soon, the entire military was composed either of ignorant countrymen from the most backward parts of the empire or of foreigners. The soldiers had little to no respect for the people they were supposed to protect. These people obviously lacked the discipline needed to be part of this army. Rome's military suffered financially as well. Though the army was essential to the security of Rome, the cost of it doubled between 96 and 180 AD. ...read more.

Conclusion

They came like waves. They were waves of tribes, or hordes, one after another. Once one group of barbarians had entered, the Romans could not muster the military strength to keep others out. What could they do? The army, once the symbol of their strength and unity, was left unorganized and practically useless. Rome was the constant victim of barbaric waves of attacks. From the Visigoths, to the franks, to the Huns, they constantly overpowered the Roman armies. This is simply because they knew no limits. Romans were civilized with rule of law, innocent until proven guilty, etc. These concepts were unreal to the barbarians. They detected the military impotence, of the Romans, and exploited it to establish their own kingdoms. "Thus the political entity knows as the Roman Empire came to an end, and the Germanic kingdoms of Western Europe began to flourish." In conclusion, there were many factors which influenced the fall of Rome. The destruction of the Roman military, however, would prove to be an ending factor to one of the most powerful Empires in history. ...read more.

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