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The fall of the Romanov Dynasty

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Introduction

Claire Champion Oral history Assessment 3/19/2002 The fall of the Romanov Dynasty Many factors led to the dramatic and bloody fall of the Romanov dynasty. It is hard to distinguish between a reliable source and a biased one, in order to decide which of these factors held the most baring on the situation. One can generally say that the Tsar's incompetence, the poor living conditions of the Russian people, the collapse of formal control over rules and justice, and the peoples frustration with their never changing and stagnant situation, lead to the crumbling of the royal family which had ruled over Russia for over three hundred years. In order to come to a conclusion as to what actually happened in any given situation, one must be able to look at a variety of different sources and have the ability to link them all together in order to form a broad view rather than what one may call " fact." Comments made my Nicholas II (On becoming Tsar in 1894) "What is going to happen to me...I am not prepared to be the Tsar. I never wanted to become one. I know nothing of the business of ruling. I have no idea even how to talk to ministers." (In reply to a letter from his wife in 1916 urging him to be a strong ruler) "-Tender thanks for the severe written scholding. Your poor little weak-willed hubby." ...read more.

Middle

Because Nicholas's lack of political knowledge and stubbornness to change was the root of the problems facing Russia in the beginning of the 20th century, a researcher could gain no better opinion and knowledge of the Tsar than from the Tsar himself. A king has no nation without its people. The ordinary man can combine his efforts with those like him creating manpower that is enough to overthrow any institution. As Nicholas continued his refusal in making significant changes to the way he ruled over Russia, his public opinion continued to dwindle. The Russian people where forced to do something; they starved from absence of food and froze in the harsh Russian winters due to lack of fuel for fire. In a last peaceful and desperate plea, the people rallied and wrote a petition demanding Nicholas to end their suffering: "We working men and inhabitants of St Petersburg...have come to you, our ruler, in a quest of justice and protection. We have become beggars, we have been oppressed. We are treated as slaves...do not refuse assistance to your people...end the oppressive behavior of your officials towards them. Destroy the walls between yourself and your people...we have only two ways, towards liberty and happiness, or into the grave." This source depicts the overall public opinion of the people, and the conditions they where forced to face every day. They where on the verge of death and they where desperate for change. ...read more.

Conclusion

This was not uncommon in the past years of Russian history, but this time soldiers refused to shoot at the rioters. In fact, they joined them, after all, they where peasants themselves, they also starved and they also where freezing. There was no longer any way to control the revolution; the police force had dissolved itself into the masses of angry, spontaneous revolutionaries who could not be stopped. The Duma decided to take over the government due to the lack of law and order, and because Nicholas was unable to make it back to St Petersburg, he had no choice but to accept his fate and abdicate his thrown. The Romanov Dynasty was no more. Textbooks are made to summarize the important and key events of a situation and present them in a way which allows easy interpretation for all people. They are a valid and reliable source, and are good to use when trying to look at many smaller incidents that lead to one major effect, like all the events of 1917. Trotsky wrote, " the dynasty fell by shaking, like rotten fruit." The Russian revolution was due to the slow rotting of the outdated system of an absolute monarchy. Nicholas's lack of understanding and adverse to change would cause his ultimate decline, and catapult Russia into deep economic, social and political changes which would continue to effect the way people believed the world should be run. The interpretation of sources and their linking to each other have allowed us to shape history to be an honest representation of these such past realities. ...read more.

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