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The First World War

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The First World War The First World War was started on 1914 and ended in 1918. The causes of the war were revelry between great powers in Europe, alliances system, the arms race. There was rivalry and tension between great powers of Europe before the First World War. Britain was Europe's leading industrial power with lots of colonies in Asia and Africa. So there was tension and rivalry between all great powers of Europe because of the African and Asian colonies. Then alliance system came and this system also a big cause of the war. The European great powers made two parties against each others. Arms race develops more rivalry between great powers. Arms race increased tension in Europe, every European country wanted to be most powerful, tension build up and cause for a war. So these were main causes of the First World War. The assassination of Austrian prince Franz Ferdinand causes the First World War. On his 14th wedding anniversary he went to Bosnian for a visit and shoot dead with his wife Sophie by a Serbian terrorist who was a member of terrorist group called 'Black hand'. Then the countdown to war began. On 23rd of July 1914 Austria blamed Serbia for the death of Franz Ferdinand and sent it an ultimatum. ...read more.


France also threatens by Germans powerful army and strong industries. Germany also wanted some colonies in France. Then Britain signed entente cordial with France. They both had agreements about colonies in Africa in 1904. They also planned together how to fight a future war against Germany. After three years Russia joined Britain and France because Russia also feared by growth of the Germans army, signed triple entente. Britain and Russia settled differences in central Asia. The triple entente was not a formal military alliance. Arms race and tension in Europe The cause of the tension in Europe was the naval rivalry which develops after 1900. Britain had ruled the seas without any challenge. Her navy was the most powerful in the world but in 1898 Germany announced her intension to build a powerful German navy increased tension and the competition started between great powers in Europe. Then in 1906 Britain launched HMS Dreadnought, the first of a new class of warships. Britain and Germany spent million on their new ships. So these were cause the tension and competition between European great powers. While Britain and Germany built-up their navies all other major powers of the Europe were also building up their armies. ...read more.


Britain backed France as other states did. Germany was only backed by Austria. Germany was humiliated by the rejection of German's view that morocco should be independent. This pushed him closer to Austria. In 1911 the ruler of morocco asked France to help. The French occupied the Fez, capital of morocco. Germany was thinking that France would take over morocco. Germany sent a gunboat and demanded compensations. Germans aim was to break the Entente Cordial. Britain called for international conference, Britain was worried that Germans were attempting to establish a naval base in morocco. Britain warned Germany that she would backed France even if need to go war against Germany. Germany backed down after getting some land in central Africa. Germany was humiliated again and thinks to not to backed down again. The second crisis again increased tension between the great powers. The both Britain and France come closer. The Bosnian Crisis 1908-1909 In 1908 Austria sent troops in to Bosnian. So again and international conference called. Many people of Bosnia were Serbian. Serbia wanted to incorporate Bosnian into Serbia at one point. Serbia appealed Russia for support. Russia demanded an international conference but Austria rejected Russian request. Germany backed her and told Russia do not interfere otherwise there would be a war. Russia was forced to back down. Again tension built up that already existed in Europe. She aimed to catch Germany up and increased her military. ...read more.

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