• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
  1. 1
  2. 2
  3. 3
  4. 4
  5. 5
  6. 6
  7. 7
  8. 8
  9. 9

The First World War

Extracts from this document...


The First World War was initiated by Germany and Austro-Hungary in order to take control under Serbia. But actually the start of the war was a great opportunity for large and developed European countries to demonstrate their power and solve their political and economical tasks. Great Britain, France, Italy, Turkey, Germany, Bulgaria and Russia were involved in this war being interested in territorial division and economical control. It is very hard to find out the real reasons of Russia involvement in the war because initially Russia in formal papers tried not to start it and initiated peace negotiations with Germany. At the same time tsar Nikolay II gave the order to start general mobilization in Russia explaining it as way to protect Russian borders in possible war start. This double-faced policy can be explained by two reasons: either Russia was expecting the war in favor of its political interests or Russian government at all levels did not have common agreed political views. In fact tsar Nikolay II was not a great politician and this explains existence of many advisors around him. But the biggest influence on the state political decisions was made by Grigoriy Rasputin who acted through the tsar's wife. This woman fanatically believed that Rasputin was the God's messenger to save Russia and tsar family. Rasputin being very powerful person with exceptional skills of psychological manipulation pursued his own ends - money. He was not interested in politics so worked for all parties and powers which could pay him. ...read more.


The progressive block directed its actions to the purpose of renewing present government which was disable to finish the war quickly and in favor of Russia as it declared in the beginning. The quick war finish plan was primarily based on economical reforms required to be provided in agriculture, industry and local authorities reconstructions with submission of present officials. Actually the plan was not based on revolutionary actions. The majority of progressive block comprised representatives of liberal parties and fractions. In spite of presence of various parties pursued their own different interests there were the initial interest 4 V.I.Lenin. "Complete Works".vol.20(p.127-128) which coincided with and united so variable parts of Russian society. This common interest was to weaken the present power and made tsar give the throne to his son as the alternative to make necessary changes in Russian internal and external policy. So the progressive block started to create opposition to press the power to precipitate war actions and victory and also to involve bourgeois block in economic and political processes as much as possible. The monarchists reacted to the opposition by creating "black block" requiring to dissolve the State Duma as the basis of opposition. So the problematic war situation initiated establishment of "progressive block" and further opposition creation which led to the State Duma dissolve and establishment of Temporary Government. "Tsar himself has stood up to protect his country"5. Again, tsar's own appointment to the position of Supreme Commander-in-Chief was initiated by Gregory Rasputin who could understand well that his power would immediately finish if "progressive block" based on bourgeoisie took control. ...read more.


So the ground for the February Revolution was perfectly prepared by crisis in all aspects - economical, political and national - raised during Russian participation in the war. It was easy to start coup d'etat with the extreme strained situation and the first event happened in Petrograd - absence of bread because of lack of transport (all transport was used for war actions). The monarchy after its demonstration of disability to conduct the war properly had to be overthrown by new power supporting its strength by promises to take proper control under the Russian participation in the war and bring the victory. The new power dethroned tsar government and renewed power at all levels. The tasks of Bourgeoisie were to develop capitalism methods in agriculture and industry, to introduce constitutional basis for ruling, to solve the problems of national oppression of Ukrainians, Armenians and other nations within the territory of Russia. The democratic principles of new power gave the working class and Bolshevists possibilities to act openly and establish the Council of Working Deputes which started preparing next, the third Revolution.7 If the Russian tsar and his confidants could clearly posed Russia's position in the First World War it would be hard to initiate and ground the February Revolution. 7 V.V. Sazonov. "Was it needed to go from February to October". Dialogue. Moscow.1991. vol.2(p.17-20) The First World War was one of the major reasons of February Revolution and further events in Russia which encouraged Bolshevists to start October Revolution and come to power. And that totally changed the history of Russia and turned over the new page of the world history. 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 essays

  1. Source based questions on the Russian revolutions.

    If they had said that they killed all the family including the children and the tsarina, then there would have been an outrage for many reasons. First of all the tsarina was German, and Lenin was trying to make peace talks with the Germans.

  2. Stalin Sources Questions

    Anyone person who could have done this must have been a very gifted leader of a country. The judging of whether Stalin was a man or monster is a question which has plagued many historians for many years. Stalin achieved power in 1923 but his tenure came to an end when he died in 1953.

  1. The Radical Phase: 1793-94

    In a desperate attempt to slow down the intentions of the Jacobins, Marat was mur ed by Charlotte Corday and Danton began speaking out against all radicals who were contributing to the deaths of innocent citizens. Unfortunately, this was to be a stage in the revolution that could not be undone even with the leadership of Danton.

  2. The blance sheet for russia.

    in details as well as in the most important affairs of the factory or barracks. They had become the sole hope´┐Ż The mass lived and breathed together with the Bolsheviks." (Ibid., p. 207.) Party and class The Russian Revolution took place over nine months.

  1. History - USSR - The main reason for the February/March Revolution was The World ...

    This caused outrage in Russia. Because of this, Russia's economy was declining rapidly and conditions worsened. Russia was in chaos. The people were increasingly disillusioned by the war and further food and fuel shortages were caused during the harsh winter of 1916-17. The government, at this point were extremely unpopular.

  2. No other figure in recent Russian history has received the amount of vilification and ...

    Thus, Nicholas and Alix were third cousins. More importantly, at least from a dynastic standpoint, Princess Alix was one of the favorite granddaughters of Queen Victoria of Great Britain.

  1. Stalin: Man or Monster - Sources Questions

    Source H tells us that Stalin was very paranoid, this assessment of Stalin from Khrushchev I trust as it matches not only with my own knowledge of Stalin, but it also agrees with source M and what Bukharin said in source F.

  2. How far were things improving in Russia before the First World War?

    Petersburg quadrupled from 0.5 million in 1863 to about 2 million in 1913. The wealthiest class of people in Russia were the aristocracy, or the land owners. They generally benefitted from the tsar?s rule as the Tsar highly favoured many of the aristocrats in Russia because of their great influence and support of autocracy in Russia.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work