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The following factors are all equally important reasons for the continuing conflicts between Unionists and Nationalists in Northern Ireland

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Northern Ireland Coursework Question 1. The following factors are all equally important reasons for the continuing conflicts between Unionists and Nationalists in Northern Ireland a) Battle of the Boyne 1960 b) Creation of an Irish Free State in 1922 c) Bloody Sunday in 1972 d) Republican violence 1968 to present day e) Orange Order marches from 1996 to present Do you agree with this statement? Explain your answer by making reference to all of the factors Even Now there is still continuing conflicts between Nationalists and Unionists in Northern Ireland. The two views on what causes conflict in Northern Ireland are that it is a religious conflict between Protestants and Catholics or that it is a political conflict between the remaining part of the UK and Independent rule. The Unionists are mostly Protestant and wish to remain part of the UK. The extremist groups linked to them are called Loyalists. Nationalists are mostly Catholic and want Ireland to be ruled independently. The extremist groups linked with them are called Republicans. There is American involvement in Northern Ireland; however this is not something new. It is known for supplying mainly finance and arms to certain groups in which they support such as the IRA in the 1990s to try and carry out peace. Another move which reopened old wounds and the resentment of victims' families who have felt that the action is unreasonable is the litigious issue of the early release of prisoners who have been convicted of terrorist acts. ...read more.


The talks were the first negotiations to incorporate all parties involved in the conflict. These talks came to a conclusion in April 1998. In 1994 the IRA declared a ceasefire only to resume bombing in 1996. A following ceasefire took place in 1997 and is currently working today. As well as the ceasefire the IRA has also started to get rid of some of its weapons. Nevertheless there are still some extreme Republicans who continue using violence, the Omagh Bombing being a result of this. Republican violence has cost roughly 4,000 lives. The Republicans said to be responsible for 60% and the Loyalists responsible for 30% (The remaining 10% either unknown or security forces). Republican violence has led to a lot of conflict between Unionists and Catholics because it is making the Unionists hate the Catholics even more and there is a lot of retaliation that goes on. The creation of the Irish Free State In 1922 Happened after the war of independence that was fought between the IRA and British Army. The treaty was called the Anglo-Irish Treaty and gave Southern Ireland Independence. The Southern part was called Eire and was governed by the people themselves. The English agreed to keep Northern Ireland part of Britain due to the Protestants living there. In total there were 26 counties that became the Irish Eire. The Protestants feared that if they stayed in an independent Ireland they would get persecuted because they were the minority. The settlement did cause unhappiness because many Catholics wanted the whole of Ireland Independent and the Catholics that were living in Northern Ireland were unhappy because they felt they were still being treated unfairly. ...read more.


However Ian Paisley still has very strong views and his mixture of politics and religion influences many Protestants in Northern Ireland. Many Unionists find his way of religious certitude bought to politics quite appealing. Ian Paisley has proved himself to be a commanding voice in Northern Ireland since the mid 1960's and continues to make an impact to the present day, currently he is in a fierce battle with David Trimble and at the age of 74 he says he has no intention to retire. He has been making quite an impact on Northern Ireland and is continuing to do so 30 years on. Paisley has been important in changing people's views; he has achieved this by his strong speeches which have inspired many Protestants, his actions among these was his protest he organised about the lowering of the Union Flag at Belfast City Hall as a mark of respect over the death of the Pope and his belief that the UUP were selling out to the republicans and British. He is also against both Republican and Loyalist violence. Paisley has made quite an impact on Northern Ireland he has stood in the way of every initiative in Northern Ireland for the past 30 years. He has had a great impact on Northern Ireland and Catholics in Northern Ireland regard him as a bigot. Every European election he regularly tops the poll and is seen by some as the most popular politician in the country. He has helped create a strong link between Britain and Northern Ireland and has changed people's views about having the link. This is why I think he has made some impact on Northern Ireland. ...read more.

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