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The following were equally important reasons why Stalin was able to hold on to power in the soviet union:

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Introduction

The following were equally important reasons why Stalin was able to hold on to power in the soviet union: * The purges and show trials * The secret police * Propaganda and the cult of personality * Stalin's economic polices Explain how far you agree with this statement. Throughout Stalin's reign he had various problems to overcome. Despite this he remained in power until his death in 1953 .In the 1930s Stalin consolidated his position as Supreme Dictator of the Soviet Union, maintaing it using many different methods. He controled the people by terror and had control of their ideas, minipulating their belives to suit himselfe. There were many reasons why stalin was able to maintain control of the USSR, and had he not had these successes he would not have been able to hold on to power. Firstly, there was the "purges" and "show trials". The purges were used as a reason to dispose of Stalin's potential enemies, or 'independent thinkers'. They affected many people; workers who had failed to achieve targets in the five year plan, criminals and people who threatened Stalin's position. His excuse to begin this was the assassination of his leading colleague and potential rival, Sergei Kirov, even though it was himself who organised the assassination. Stalin believed that his opponents were planning to overturn him and replace him with Kirov. ...read more.

Middle

Thirdly, there was Stalin's use of propaganda and the cult of personality. Propaganda and the cult of personality were crucial to Stalin. Propaganda influenced almost every aspect of life, through radio, films and newspapers. Posters and messages issued by the state could be found everywhere, in the streets, workplaces and schools. Music, drama, art and other ways of expressing feelings and points of view were controlled so that no one got any new ideas or tried to speak against Stalin in public. People were under the control of the state and were not allowed to create anything that did not highlight the glorious achievements of communism and anything judged to be in opposition to Stalin was filtered out by the close censors Stalin implemented. The most important message of the propaganda was that Stalin was the greatest genius of his time and Russian people were literally brainwashed into believing Stalin was a god like hero. His image could be seen everywhere, even towns and cities were named after him, like Stalingrad and Stalino. His role in the revolution was exaggerated, as was his relationship with Lenin. His enemies were portrayed as traitors to Russia. Even schools were affected, children were taught of the greatness of Stalin in textbooks that were specifically created to support Stalin. ...read more.

Conclusion

Not only the secret police, but the use of propaganda and the cult of personality helped the purges as it encouraged Russian citizens to denounce traitors, making it easier for the secret police to hunt them down. People would snitch on traitors of Stalin as most people looked towards him as a hero, which was established by the cult of personality. Propaganda also helped the show trails as it showed the people on trail to be traitors to the homeland and Stalin. His economic policies were also a major part of Stalin's success as he turned Russia into a great power of the world that produced many important products. This helped improve the country and gain him support from the citizens of Russia as he was making a better life style for many off the. Nevertheless, without the use of propaganda and the secret police Stalin's economic policies might not have worked. This is because the secret police controlled the people, making them work and punishing them for not meeting targets of slacking at work. The propaganda also portrayed to the Russian people look that the workers did not mind being made to work in slave labour conditions as they were loyal to Stalin and improving Russia. This shows that, overall, without all of the above Stalin's plans might have not worked out and Russia could have been a different place. 1 Connor Richardson 11WS ...read more.

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