• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The following were equally important reasons why Stalin was able to hold onto power in the Soviet Union - The purges and show trials - The secret police

Extracts from this document...


The following were equally important reasons why Stalin was able to hold onto power in the Soviet Union: * The purges and show trials * The secret police * Propaganda and the cult of personality * Stalin's economic policies. Explain how far you agree with this statement. I agree that all the above reasons did help Stalin stay in power and I believe that they are equally important reasons. I believe that they were all entwined and that they could only all happen together and that one would not have happened on its own. To illustrate my argument, I am going to take each of the four above points and then link them to the other three. I hope I provide enough information and construct my argument well enough that you will see how I came to the above conclusion. The first topic I am going to look at is the Great Purges and then link this to the Secret Police. The Purges were when Stalin launched a new campaign of political terror against the Communist Party members who had brought him to power. His excuse to begin this was the assassination of his leading colleague and potential rival, Sergei Kirov. ...read more.


Photographs were altered so Stalin seemed a closer friend to Lenin than he had been and Trotsky was removed from all photographs and history books and articles. The country became blanketed in extreme adoration. Stalin became the dictator of the Soviet Union and he trusted nobody. He changed people's views as much as he could, even to the extent that they began to persecute Christians and Christian Priests were murdered or exiled. Stalin ran everything, most people lived in fear but where unable to speak out. People loyal to Stalin would receive special privileges. The Propaganda and the Cult of Personality also links to Collectivisation, as they were all forms of Stalin trying to get control. Collectivisation began most intensely between 1929 and 1933. It was aimed at transforming traditional agriculture in the Soviet Union and to try and reduce the power of the Kulaks. Under the Collectivisation policy the peasants were forced to give up their individual farms and join collective farms. Peasants were forced to work together and all land, animals and tools were put together to produce more grain. The peasants were allowed to keep a small plot of land for their own fruit, vegetables and animals. ...read more.


only to increase propaganda, the government said the targets had been hit but it's hard to tell how much was really achieved and how much was propaganda, the plans caused social and economic problems, the transport systems nearly collapsed as it couldn't cope with the increased loads of goods, rationing was introduced and safety standards began to be ignored. But it did enormously increased production and Russia was transformed from backward agricultural nation into the world's second greatest power. After evaluating all the above reasons for helping Stalin stay in power I believe that all the above reasons were equally important as if one wouldn't have happened the others wouldn't have even happened. The Purges couldn't have happened without the Secret Police; The Show Trails couldn't have happened without the purges; The Propaganda wouldn't have happened without the Show Trails or the Cult of Personality; Industrialisation wouldn't have happened without Collectivisation and vice-versa and The Cult of Personality couldn't have happened without Propaganda. I believe that Stalin did do many bad things in his time but he did succeed Lenin and stay in power for a number of years and without all of the above reasons he wouldn't have been able to hold onto power for as long as he did. Amanda Lorraine Lee 11EF ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 essays

  1. 'The Five Year Plans brought glory to Stalin and misery to his people.' How ...

    During the three years factories ran short of materials and oil therefore unable to make significant gains as the main achievement at that period was steel production. The achievements which Stalin made during the three Five Year Plans were achievable due to the leadership and his tactical presence on the Russian people.

  2. How Successful Were Stalin's Policies During His Leadership of the Soviet Union?

    a profound social transformation, becoming a predominantly young, peasant-based and unskilled workforce. Collectivisation did also offer an opportunity for upward social mobility for peasants in the country-side because the creation of new rural organisations required large number of officials to administer them.

  1. Stalin and the Five Year Plans

    However, all this was not without an opposite downside. Because of collectivisation, all the farmers had to share their land with each other, all industry was controlled by the government, not the people, many areas of industry were completely neglected, many small workshops were squeezed out and forgotten about, many

  2. Purges and Hysteria in the Soviet Union

    alone, hoping to benefit from increased visibly and by putting themselves at the forefront of the assault against capitalism. Bukharin and his followers, past supporters of peasant free enterprise, were persecuted. And Stalin's wife committed suicide with the pistol she had been given for her self-protection.

  1. Consider this judgement on the consequences of Stalin's leadership of the Soviet Union 1928 ...

    Although in itself, the 5-year plan had failed, the improvements made had a profound effect on social and economic conditions by 1940. Russia has become the second most powerful industrial country, 12 years previously it had been an industrial non-entity.

  2. "Stalin was personally responsible for the Purges in Russia in the 1930s". Agree or ...

    housing could have enticed anyone to want to be a member, even those who were not fully devoted to the Communists and were there for their own personal benefit. Stalin's personal responsibility is probable for Kirov's assassination. However, due to the positive effects of the assassination in Stalin's favour, it can be argued that he was completely responsible.

  1. Why was Lenin able to seize power in October 1917?

    The people would of supported him but fortunately for Lenin he could use Tsar Nicholas's faults to help him understand what the Russian public wanted and he was able to persuade them to start supporting the Bolsheviks Party. 2) Using some of the causes in the list explain how both

  2. How did the rule of Stalin affect the Soviet Union?

    The communists would gather groups of bedniak (poor peasants) and used them to drive out the kulaks in the villages. About 1.5 million kulaks were sent to Siberia and central Asia, many were worked to death. The kulaks that refused to go were shot or imprisoned.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work