• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The following were equally important reasons why the stalemate on the Western Front were broken: Development of new technology, the American entry into the war, the blockading of German ports and the German offensive of 1918. Explain how far you agree wit

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The following were equally important reasons why the stalemate on the Western Front were broken: Development of new technology, the American entry into the war, the blockading of German ports and the German offensive of 1918. Explain how far you agree with this statement. There are several factors that contribute to the breaking of the stalemate on the Western Front, a deadlock of attrition which had been in place since the winter of 1914. However, some of them are more important than others and some make a more significant contribution to this event, but a lot of the factors interrelate and are influenced by the other factors, which makes all of the factors important. Ever since the beginning of the war, developments in technology for the purposes of gaining the upper hand in the war had been developing. However, at the start of the war, this was not apparent to the Allies, who still believed a well-planned cavalry charge could break through any defence the enemy might have prepared. However, the Germans were more open-minded, and soon realised that state-of-the-art technology was going to have to be invented, manufactured and supplied to the German army to win the war. ...read more.

Middle

The British and the French insisted that the Americans had to shoulder a greater burden of the war, but Pershing thought differently. Horrified by Allied leadership, he did not want to entrust his soldiers to the Allied generals, and wanted American autonomy; he insisted that the American forces act independently, which greatly irritated the Allied generals. However, by the end of the war, there had been over 300'000 American casualties. Since the beginning of the war, Britain had set up a naval blockade to prevent Germany from shipping in its vital supplies, which was part of the strategy of attrition. The only access to the sea that Germany has for shipping purposes was the North Sea, and Britain was eager to make sure Germany could not import the vital supplies that she needed not only for the military needs of the country, but also for the everyday supplies which were being drained by the war effort, e.g. food. A minefield was placed all along the North Sea between Britain and Norway, to prevent Germany from sending any ships through it. 75 U-boats were sunk due to the placement of mines. ...read more.

Conclusion

The blockade led to the Germans beginning a policy of unrestricted submarine warfare in the Atlantic Ocean, which then led to the sinking of the Lusitania, which was a major contributing factor to the American entry into the war. However, the main reason that the stalemate broke was due to the Spring Offensive of 1918; the other factors were the reasons this offensive took place. The American entry into the war created pressure on the German generals, as did the shipping blockade, but the improvements in technology made the idea of a grand offensive seem better. It is also important to remember that another major factor contributing to the Spring Offensive, and therefore the breaking of a stalemate, was the Russian Revolution of 1917, which led to the Russian surrender and the freeing-up of 62 divisions. Without these divisions, Germany would never have had the experienced manpower to operate all the new technology it had developed and so the Spring Offensive could never have happened. In conclusion, the actual main (and therefore the most important) factor contributing to the breaking of stalemate on the western front was the German offensive of 1918; however, this could not have happened without the other factors taking place as well, which makes them all very important factors also. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1900-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1900-1939 essays

  1. why did a stalemate devlop on the western front?

    Failure of the Schlieffen Plan The first plan put into use was the German Schlieffen plan and in this part of the essay I am going to discuss the many reasons why this plan was not successful and how it led to the development of the stalemate.

  2. Why did a stalemate form on the Western Front?

    As the Schlieffen plan had failed France were not clear on what was going on. To try and and attack from stable positions by getting round the back of each other both sides (Germany against Britain and France) had a "race".

  1. World War 1 - Breaking of the Stalemate

    To begin with, I will look at machine guns. Machine Guns were designed to fire multiple bullets quickly, without the need for reloading. At the start of the war, machine guns took 4-6 men to operate, and fired 400-600 rounds a minute.

  2. Trench Warfare between 1914-17

    However, the army was less sympathetic to ordinary soldiers with shell shock. Some senior officers took the view that these men were cowards who were trying to get out of fighting. Between 1914 and 1918 the British Army identified 80,000 men had been suffering from shell shock.

  1. Why Did A Stalemate Develop On The Western Front?

    The Race to the Sea The Battle of Marne was a turning point, for all 3 countries.

  2. Dear Diary, It was the start of the Christmas month and I was ready ...

    We just wasted all of our bullets and time for nothing. So the officer leading us told us to keep an eye out for anything-fishy going on. Our tactics were to collect our sword guns, the rifles with a mini sword to stab people, and we send a team of 45 out and bombard the enemy's line.

  1. Describe the conditions that soldiers experienced on the Western Front in the years 1915-1917.

    All of the men had to back before dawn. Everyone ate breakfast except for the sentries who kept a careful watch on the enemy. The orderly officer checked the trenches and gave the days jobs. A third were given sentry duty, another third had to take up rations to the front-line up the communication trenches.

  2. The following were all equally important reasons why there was a WW2 in 1939

    In fact Britain and France were entirely responsible for giving Hitler confidence as they keep on giving into his demands. They put too much trust in Hitler?s promises and assumed that he had the same vision and western desire for peace, however they failed to recognise Hitler?s unlying goal and inherited ideology that sought war.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work