• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Good Friday Agreement

Extracts from this document...


The Good Friday Agreement Ireland has been subject to much conflict throughout its history, most of which has been caused by the tension between the Nationalists and Unionist, and the Protestants and Catholics, especially since 1969 when a series of riots broke out in response to the Battle of the Bogside. These quarrels have come to be known as the 'Troubles'. Many attempts have been made to call a cease to the hostilities, such as the Power Sharing Executive. This scheme tried to release tension by undermining the IRA by offering a say in how Northern Ireland was run to Nationalist communities, but it failed after Unionist's suspicion arose over the scheme, resulting in strikes which brought a down-fall to Power Sharing. Other attempts at peace involved the Anglo Irish Agreement, which, despite achieving its aim, had very little effect let alone lasting impact. As a result, relations did not improve and paramilitary violence continued. Another effort took place in 1993, with the Downing Street Declaration. This involved a new government of Northern Ireland to be set up, made up of people representing all traditions and points of view, but they were only allowed to be part of it if and have their say in the ruling of Northern Ireland they rejected violence. ...read more.


Another issue that the Good Friday Agreement helped solve, was that of paramilitaries. It did this by announcing imprisoned paramilitary members would be released early. This helped discontinue violence because with the prisoners still being held, it would be impossible to move on, so in releasing the prisoners they were turning over new page and moving on from violence. The agreement also planned to decommission the weapons of the paramilitary forces, which would bring an end to the gun fights and bombings. However, to avoid paramilitary's humiliation, no lists or photos were to record what had been decommissioned. This aroused much suspicion of corruption and could have made a lot of people lose faith in the agreement, meaning it will not bridge the gap between the communities and therefore not solve the standing issues. As well as this, violence continued despite the decommissioning, with a series of bombings and shootings carried out by extremists from both sides who rejected the peace process, therefore I believe the Agreement did not manage to solve these problems. Security and policing was another issue that the Good Friday Agreement needed to address. Before the Good Friday Agreement, the RUC and the B-Specials were feared by much of the Nationalists as a result of their discriminative acts towards the Nationalist communities. ...read more.


Having said this, there were still plenty of people who were willing to fight for a full and separate Ireland, and these hardliners would carry on their violence to do this. Proof of this, was that however monstrous the bombings of Omagh and Enniskillen were, people were still hiding them, therefore the problem was not solved and lasting peace was still at question. In conclusion, I believe that the Good Friday Agreement has solved many of the long standing issues that have contributed to the troubles. Mainly, by putting an end to paramilitary violence by decommissioning their weapons and releasing the prisoners, which although may cause upset and anger in the short term, will lead to lasting peace in the long term. The other successful aspect to the agreement, was giving Northern Ireland a proper, stable and objective government, so key decisions could be made fairly and to the best effect, giving Northern Ireland lasting peace and prosperity. Having said this, there is still room for improvement, for example, firstly, and in my opinion most importantly, paramilitary violence must be discontinued by creating a fair and objective rule system, and in doing so taking away the reasons for bitterness between the communities and their reasons to use force. This will allow proper discussions to be carried out so all voices can be heard and considered in the decision making process, leading to a more peaceful and prosperous future. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 essays

  1. How has Northern Ireland changed since the Good Friday Agreement, and what previous attempts ...

    are so crucial to the protestant community, yet offensive to Catholics, and an increasing worry is that unionists will eventually become too frustrated with the "erosion" of their culture, possibly resulting in loyalist paramilitaries entering the streets to show a violent march of force.

  2. Why was it so hard to establish a regional police force in Northern Ireland ...

    When the army were sent to control the violence, the IRA fought back. The IRA therefore increased in violence and consequently the army were sent back in again. This kept happening and no improvements were made, issues were just complicated even more, increasing the need for a new police force.

  1. What Problems have arisen in the Peace Process since the Good Friday Agreement

    sit down and talk to Sinn Fein while the IRA still had its weapons. Then in September the DUP did no want to participate in the peace process anymore. Then things changed in the IRA some members did not want to be part of it anymore because they did not

  2. Underline the main features of The Good Friday Agreement \And what violations have caused ...

    Legislators in the Stormont Assembly designate themselves as unionist, nationalist or other and the voting system works to ensure that unionists and nationalists cannot vote against each other's group interest. The Agreement respects the right of each political tradition to pursue its goal to remain part of the United Kingdom or to join the Irish Republic.

  1. Why is the Good Friday Agreement proving so difficult to implement?

    The recent murder of LVF man Brian Stewart is thought to be linked to this feud. Sectarian violence has continued in inter face areas. These so called 'Flashpoints' include Short Strand and Glenbreen. Many feel that much of this violence is orchestrated by paramilitaries and that they are to blame.

  2. The History of Conflict in Ireland.

    It meant that the most strident voices and those who could command weaponry were the people who set the agenda. The Battle of the Bogside ( August 12, 1969) - A Turning Point It's difficult to underestimate the symbolic importance of the Battle of the Bogside.

  1. Explain why the marching season in Northern Ireland still causes tension between the two ...

    the Boyne, so this event lives long in both Catholics and Protestants memory. That is why this battle is one of the main contributors to why there is still tension over the marches. The Battle of the Boyne symbolises 'protestant ascendancy'.

  2. Decommissioning has still not been achieved, despite the Good Friday Agreement of 1998. Loyalist ...

    Then to make it worse, the Enniskillen bomb was exploded on Remembrance Sunday, the hatred and mistrust caused by these two events is still around today. In the 1970's violence between the Catholics and Protestant Para-military groups was on the increase, and both commenced a series of tit-for-tat killings.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work