• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

'The Hitler State'- how valid is this view of the Third Reich?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

'The Hitler State'- how valid is this view of the Third Reich By the end of 1934 Hitler had destroyed the Weimar republic. All opposition parties had been eliminated and individual rights had been withdrawn. The democracy of Weimar had become a dictatorship with the major offices and decision making of the state in the hands of Hitler. This put Hitler in the extremely powerful position of Fuhrer. After the enabling act of 1933 Hitler was able to alter the constitution at will and any treason against Hitler was seen as direct treason against the state of Germany. After the night of the long knives in which Rohm and the leading figures of the SA were eliminated the army had sworn an oath of loyalty towards Hitler personally, not to the state and this put Hitler in a very influential position. In Hitler's state the definition of the word Fuhrer meant power. It was made very clear that the power of the state derives from the Fuhrer and not the other way around as traditionally seen. ...read more.

Middle

This was largely spread through the clever use of propaganda and showed Hitler to be a symbol of strength, reliability and success. This myth originated from Hitler seeming to have improved the economy greatly, reducing the unemployment rate and other significant successes. The people of Germany believed Hitler to be a super-being and were swept up in a sense of infatuation for the leader. However, as with the concept of a Voltsgemeinschaft, there was emphasis on the fact that if you were not German, you were not part of the vision. This myth was beneficial for Hitler as it is likely that if something went wrong he would not be blamed. However this myth also made the state very unstable and increasingly radical, as no one was able to challenge the Fuhrer and be the voice of restraint or reason. It is difficult to say whether the population of Germany were dominated by Hitler himself, the concept of Nazism or simply making Germany great again. After the war, the signing of the treaty of Versailles and the 'stab in the back' by the Weimar government, Germany was deeply humiliated and the people may simply have ...read more.

Conclusion

As Hitler spent a minimal amount of time a day reading select papers he cannot have been up to date on his state and had a full understanding of ongoing issues suggesting weak dictatorship. In addition to whether Hitler was in control the structuralist vs. the intentionalist debate must be considered. I think that to a certain extent Hitler did have a plan of how to gain power in Germany and I do not think that it was simply luck that the Nazi's became so powerful. Hitler was clever not to get his party associated with the Weimar government by refusing to take up office unless it was chancellor and therefore did not get blamed for their failures. However he was to a certain extent a structuralist in that he took advantage of situations that presented themselves such as using the Reichstag fire to eliminate the main opposition of communism providing doubt as to whether he was indeed a strong dictator. Therefore I believe that even though Hitler had established the Third Reich and put himself in a position of great power, Fuhrer, his grasp on power slowly deteriorated over time with other individuals becoming increasingly prominent in power thus making it more likely to be a Nazi state than a Hitler state. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. How widespread and dangerous was Youth opposition in the Third Reich?

    Strength and discipline were needed for that. In addition, through their early economic success, by bringing almost every German back to work, the Nazi regime also encouraged even more liberal or democratic adults to agree to Nazism, and hence reduced opposition at home, which could have been transferred on children, to a minimum.

  2. Hitler - Totalitarian State

    In 1932 there was a general election. This time the Nazis proved to be even more popular receiving 230 seats. They were now the largest party in government although they never received over 50% of the vote. Hitler was now demanding to become chancellor but the president Hindenburg would not allow it.

  1. adolf hitler

    After he left Geli shot herself through the heart with a revolver. When he heard the news Hitler threatened to take his own life but was talked out of it by senior members of the Nazi Party. One consequence of Geli's suicide was that Hitler became a vegetarian.

  2. World War Two - The Police State

    Youth Within the Education System in Germany boys were more important than girls. Hitler's policies made it difficult for girls to have any chance of a career outside the home. In 1940 the number of girls at grammar schools had reduced from 255,000 in 1931 to 188,000.

  1. To what extent was the SS a "state within a state"? How powerful was ...

    The German people were completely suppressed. The SS managed to effectively advance into the field of the armed forces.

  2. Thr opposition of the Church.

    The significance of resistance should be measured according to its context. Resisters should not simply be viewed as a minimal expression of a larger population but as individuals facing the pressures of a conformist majority within a totalitarian society. Germany was a supreme form of totalitarianism, despite Nazi popularity there were also strong elements of fear.

  1. To what extent was Hitler a totalitarian dictator?

    This all was induced from the Enabling Act. The Enabling Act had 5 points; 1. Government of the Reich could decide laws of the Reich. This gave Hitler the legality to change the constitution and create his totalitarian state. 2. Law decided upon by the Reich may be deviated from the provisions of the constitution.

  2. Where Did Power Lie in the Third Reich?

    They still didn't have a majority and still needed support from the Nationalist party. After the Night of the long knives the second most significant event if not the significant event was the passing of the Enabling Act. This proposed to suspend parliamentary procedure and legislation powers for 4 years hence giving full power to the chancellor and his government.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work