• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

'The Hitler State'- how valid is this view of the Third Reich?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

'The Hitler State'- how valid is this view of the Third Reich By the end of 1934 Hitler had destroyed the Weimar republic. All opposition parties had been eliminated and individual rights had been withdrawn. The democracy of Weimar had become a dictatorship with the major offices and decision making of the state in the hands of Hitler. This put Hitler in the extremely powerful position of Fuhrer. After the enabling act of 1933 Hitler was able to alter the constitution at will and any treason against Hitler was seen as direct treason against the state of Germany. After the night of the long knives in which Rohm and the leading figures of the SA were eliminated the army had sworn an oath of loyalty towards Hitler personally, not to the state and this put Hitler in a very influential position. In Hitler's state the definition of the word Fuhrer meant power. It was made very clear that the power of the state derives from the Fuhrer and not the other way around as traditionally seen. ...read more.

Middle

This was largely spread through the clever use of propaganda and showed Hitler to be a symbol of strength, reliability and success. This myth originated from Hitler seeming to have improved the economy greatly, reducing the unemployment rate and other significant successes. The people of Germany believed Hitler to be a super-being and were swept up in a sense of infatuation for the leader. However, as with the concept of a Voltsgemeinschaft, there was emphasis on the fact that if you were not German, you were not part of the vision. This myth was beneficial for Hitler as it is likely that if something went wrong he would not be blamed. However this myth also made the state very unstable and increasingly radical, as no one was able to challenge the Fuhrer and be the voice of restraint or reason. It is difficult to say whether the population of Germany were dominated by Hitler himself, the concept of Nazism or simply making Germany great again. After the war, the signing of the treaty of Versailles and the 'stab in the back' by the Weimar government, Germany was deeply humiliated and the people may simply have ...read more.

Conclusion

As Hitler spent a minimal amount of time a day reading select papers he cannot have been up to date on his state and had a full understanding of ongoing issues suggesting weak dictatorship. In addition to whether Hitler was in control the structuralist vs. the intentionalist debate must be considered. I think that to a certain extent Hitler did have a plan of how to gain power in Germany and I do not think that it was simply luck that the Nazi's became so powerful. Hitler was clever not to get his party associated with the Weimar government by refusing to take up office unless it was chancellor and therefore did not get blamed for their failures. However he was to a certain extent a structuralist in that he took advantage of situations that presented themselves such as using the Reichstag fire to eliminate the main opposition of communism providing doubt as to whether he was indeed a strong dictator. Therefore I believe that even though Hitler had established the Third Reich and put himself in a position of great power, Fuhrer, his grasp on power slowly deteriorated over time with other individuals becoming increasingly prominent in power thus making it more likely to be a Nazi state than a Hitler state. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. To what extent was Hitler a totalitarian dictator?

    attitudes, this would have helped the regime by spreading fear among the people and making the Gestapo ruthless and more terrifying to the people. Keeping them loyal to the regime. Hitler strengthened the regime at the Night of the Long Knives.

  2. To what extent was the SS a "state within a state"? How powerful was ...

    food, drink, agriculture and forestry, timber and iron processing, leathers, textiles and publishing. Himmler had regular meeting with industrialists and business men through his friendship circles which supported the work of the SS with large sums of money and cheap loans.

  1. The Nazi Police State

    In order to hide the persecution that was being carried out against the Jews, Hitler allowed a few 'token' Jews to compete in the games. This was a bid to boost the image of Germany abroad, and it was highly successful.

  2. Where Did Power Lie in the Third Reich?

    They still didn't have a majority and still needed support from the Nationalist party. After the Night of the long knives the second most significant event if not the significant event was the passing of the Enabling Act. This proposed to suspend parliamentary procedure and legislation powers for 4 years hence giving full power to the chancellor and his government.

  1. Hitler - Totalitarian State

    People were desperate and once again they blamed the government. Voters were now rushing to the extremists, either the Nazis or the communists. Hitler's message had not changed; he was still anti-semitic, anti-communist and still believed that Germany needed dictatorship as democracy was not working, however, his vote increased.

  2. adolf hitler

    and the 45 of the German Communist Party (KPD). Hitler went to live in Berchtesgaden in the Bavarian Alps. Later he was to say this was the happiest time of his life.

  1. How widespread and dangerous was Youth opposition in the Third Reich?

    day as "To be one nation is the religion of our time" and "Nation, fly again!"3. Again, this shows the sub-conscious indoctrination, where the Nazis saw in everything something political. Hitler promised adult Germans with a hurt national pride after the loss of the First World War and the Treaty of Versailles the re-building of the `Old Glory`.

  2. Thr opposition of the Church.

    It continued operating through the actions of individuals and small resistance cells. Large-scale organizations were no longer possible and efforts to form a unified front with other party organizations and resistance cells may not have been the wisest approach. Large collaborative resistance cells were prone to infiltration by the Gestapo.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work