• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Holocaust

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The Holocaust. The Jewish people had been hated throughout Europe for hundreds of years, they were often treated unfairly in courts and forced to live in ghettos. One of the reasons for the persecution was because of their religion; the Jewish people were blamed for the death of Jesus Christ. Another reason is because they were well educated so they had well paid jobs or run successful businesses. Hitler insanely hated the Jewish people, this was because when his mother was terminally ill the doctor couldn't save her and the doctor was Jewish. He blamed them for his years of poverty, as when he applied for a place in the Vienna Art School he was denied a place and it was Jewish people who got in. whilst he was on the streets he became obsessed by the fact that the Jewish people ran many of the most successful businesses. This put a downer on his idea of the superiority of the Aryans. Hitler also blamed the Jewish people for Germany losing World War I he blamed the Jewish businessmen and bankers. ...read more.

Middle

Nazi storm troopers along with members of the SS and Hitler Youth beat and murdered Jewish people, broke into and wrecked Jewish homes, and brutalized Jewish women and children. All over Germany, Austria and other Nazi controlled areas, Jewish shops and department stores had their windows smashed and contents destroyed. Synagogues were especially targeted for vandalism, including desecration of sacred Torah scrolls. Hundreds of synagogues were systematically burned while local fire departments stood by or simply prevented the fire from spreading to surrounding buildings. About 25,000 Jewish men were rounded up and later sent to concentration camps where they were often brutalized by SS guards and in some cases randomly chosen to be beaten to death. The reaction outside Germany to Kristallnacht was shock and outrage, creating a storm of negative publicity in newspapers and among radio commentators that served to isolate Hitler's Germany from the civilized nations and weaken any pro-Nazi sentiments in those countries. Shortly after Kristallnacht, the United States recalled its ambassador permanently. In Germany, on November 12, top Nazis, including Hermann G�ring and Joseph Goebbel's, held a meeting concerning the economic impact of the damage and to discuss further measures to be taken against the Jewish people. ...read more.

Conclusion

German forces had orders to round up and shoot communist party activists and their Jewish supporters. The shootings were carried out by special SS units called Einsatzgruppen. By autumn of 1941, mass shootings were taking place all over occupied Eastern Europe. In Germany, all Jewish people were ordered to wear the Star of David on their clothing to mark them out. In January 1942, senior Nazis met at Wannsee, a suburb of Berlin, for a conference to discuss what they called the "final solution" to the "Jewish question". At the Wannsee conference, Himmler, head of the SS and the Gestapo, was put in charge of the systematic killings of the Jewish people within Germany and German occupied countries. Slave labour and death camps were built at Auschwitz, Treblinka, Chelmo and other places. The old sick and young children were killed immediately. The able-bodied were first used as slave labour. Some were used for appalling medical experiments. Six million Jewish people, five hundred thousand European gypsies and countless political prisoners, Jehovah witnesses, homosexuals and Russian and Polish prisoners of war were sent to these camps to be worked to death, gassed or shot. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. The Holocaust- No Hitler, No Holocaust?

    We do have, however, from January 1939, a "prophetic" speech in which Hitler warned the Jews of the consequences should they succeed in starting another world war (!): "In the course of my life I have very often been a prophet, and I have usually been ridiculed for it.

  2. How Penley became the site for the Polish Hospital.

    Many felt the injustice of the loss of the Sudetenland's which were rich in copper and coal mines also farming. The cost of repayment for the war was crippling Germany but without the Sudetenland's to help them it was

  1. Explain the Holocaust Era In As Much Detail As Possible.

    The SA was a force of 4 million men all specially trained in street fighting. Hitler had to make a choice between the army and the SA. By this time the SA was an embarrassment to Hitler. Now he was safely in power he did not need those violent bullies.

  2. Many people have marked the end of the First World War as the catalyst ...

    They were also taught how to recognize a Jew and were told that they were "dubious and untrustworthy". Children's books were written warning Aryans of Jews and in one book were given the message that Jews were like poisonous mushrooms; they had to be plucked out (from society)

  1. The Holocaust

    The fact that the Nazis were outside the law (meaning the law didn't protect them) made it easier for the Nazis to attack them and they could get away with it. The attack broke the spirits of the Jews leaving them scared for their lives.

  2. The Holocaust

    Slowly, they began looking toward the rising politician, Adolf Hitler, and the growing Nazi movement as the vehicle to hitch themselves to. Hitler was already looking at how he could carry his movement to the rest of Germany. He traveled to Berlin to visit nationalist groups during the summer of 1921.

  1. What was the Holocaust?

    children and other non-essential workers were taken away to Extermination camps while others were taken to Forced labour camps to work for the Nazis, building new gas chambers etc. Most of the Jews from the Labour camps were also murdered sooner or later.

  2. The Polish Hospital.

    It hadn't totally declined even up until 1999. The hospital still had 1 ward still in working order, Ward 7. This still had patients in receiving treatment. WHY DID THE POLISH PEOPLE COME TO PENLEY? The causes of the 2nd World War The Treaty Of Versailles: In 1919 the Big Three, U.S.A, Great Britain and France met in The Hall Of Mirrors, France, Versailles.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work