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The Holocaust

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Introduction

The Holocaust. The Jewish people had been hated throughout Europe for hundreds of years, they were often treated unfairly in courts and forced to live in ghettos. One of the reasons for the persecution was because of their religion; the Jewish people were blamed for the death of Jesus Christ. Another reason is because they were well educated so they had well paid jobs or run successful businesses. Hitler insanely hated the Jewish people, this was because when his mother was terminally ill the doctor couldn't save her and the doctor was Jewish. He blamed them for his years of poverty, as when he applied for a place in the Vienna Art School he was denied a place and it was Jewish people who got in. whilst he was on the streets he became obsessed by the fact that the Jewish people ran many of the most successful businesses. This put a downer on his idea of the superiority of the Aryans. Hitler also blamed the Jewish people for Germany losing World War I he blamed the Jewish businessmen and bankers. ...read more.

Middle

Nazi storm troopers along with members of the SS and Hitler Youth beat and murdered Jewish people, broke into and wrecked Jewish homes, and brutalized Jewish women and children. All over Germany, Austria and other Nazi controlled areas, Jewish shops and department stores had their windows smashed and contents destroyed. Synagogues were especially targeted for vandalism, including desecration of sacred Torah scrolls. Hundreds of synagogues were systematically burned while local fire departments stood by or simply prevented the fire from spreading to surrounding buildings. About 25,000 Jewish men were rounded up and later sent to concentration camps where they were often brutalized by SS guards and in some cases randomly chosen to be beaten to death. The reaction outside Germany to Kristallnacht was shock and outrage, creating a storm of negative publicity in newspapers and among radio commentators that served to isolate Hitler's Germany from the civilized nations and weaken any pro-Nazi sentiments in those countries. Shortly after Kristallnacht, the United States recalled its ambassador permanently. In Germany, on November 12, top Nazis, including Hermann G�ring and Joseph Goebbel's, held a meeting concerning the economic impact of the damage and to discuss further measures to be taken against the Jewish people. ...read more.

Conclusion

German forces had orders to round up and shoot communist party activists and their Jewish supporters. The shootings were carried out by special SS units called Einsatzgruppen. By autumn of 1941, mass shootings were taking place all over occupied Eastern Europe. In Germany, all Jewish people were ordered to wear the Star of David on their clothing to mark them out. In January 1942, senior Nazis met at Wannsee, a suburb of Berlin, for a conference to discuss what they called the "final solution" to the "Jewish question". At the Wannsee conference, Himmler, head of the SS and the Gestapo, was put in charge of the systematic killings of the Jewish people within Germany and German occupied countries. Slave labour and death camps were built at Auschwitz, Treblinka, Chelmo and other places. The old sick and young children were killed immediately. The able-bodied were first used as slave labour. Some were used for appalling medical experiments. Six million Jewish people, five hundred thousand European gypsies and countless political prisoners, Jehovah witnesses, homosexuals and Russian and Polish prisoners of war were sent to these camps to be worked to death, gassed or shot. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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