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The Holocaust

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THE HOLOCAUST During the whole time period of the Holocaust as many as 5.8 million Jews died. Just because the fact they were Jewish. 1. Describe how Jews were discriminated against in Germany from 1933 to 1939? The Jews were discriminated against in so many ways that it will take me a long time to write. Some examples of the Treatment of the Jews include: Discrimination & Persecution. But the rest of the examples you will find out as you read through. Hitler wanted to create a national community (going to be called the 'Volk). These were people who needed to : Be pure Aryans Be physically and mentally healthy Be socially useful Welcome Nazism Hitler assumed that the Jews were weakening the power of Germany and he thought 'their loyalty was to their religion and not to their nation.' This was unfair since most Jews had fought in World War I for Germany and not for their own (actual) Nation instead; Since they thought that Germany was their country, but obviously not. Traditionally anti-Semitism held that, if a Jew converted to Christianity, then he could be saved. A new brand of anti-Semitism emerged during the second half of the nineteenth Century, influenced by Social Darwinism and racial theories, which was more radical and uncompromising than traditional anti-Semitism. ...read more.


The bottom of each issue declared: 'The Jews are our Misfortune' 2. Why did the Nazis treatment of the Jews change from 1939-45? The invasion of Poland in September 1939 led Britain and France to declare war on Germany. In mid-1941 Hitler invaded the Soviet Union. This acted as a catalyst for change in the treatment of the Jews. The conquest of Poland brought more than 3 million polish Jews under Nazi rule, as this was the country with the highest Jewish population. Even though the Einsatzgruppen had killed 2.2 million Jews, the end to the problem was nowhere near in sight. Therefore a meeting was called in January 1942. Representatives from the ministry of justice, interior ministry, foreign office and the SS met along with Heydrich at a conference in Wansee, Berlin. It was there and then that the "Final Solution to the Jewish Problem" was decided. This is seen as key turning point in Nazi policy towards the Jews. By this point had tried out many different methods, none of them had worked. The Wansee conference marked the devising of a plan that would culminate in the mass extermination of the Jews. In fact the polish city of Warsaw alone had a larger Jewish population than the whole German Reich. Naturally, the situation grew worse as German captured more land, they found more Jews and this meant that step by step more countries could be occupied in the same way, hence more Jews being exterminated. ...read more.


officers. The Einsatzgruppen had a task to murder any racial or political enemies found behind the front lines in the occupied Soviet Union. These were people like Jews, (men, women, and children) Roma's (Gypsies) and also officials of the Soviet State and Communist Party. The Einsatzgruppen also murdered thousands of people who lived in the homes designed specially for the mentally and physically disabled people. During the invasion of the Soviet Union in June 1941, the Einsatzgruppen followed the German army as it advanced deep into Soviet Territory. The Einsatzgruppen, often drawing on local support, carried out mass-murder operations. In contrast to the process of deporting Jews from Ghettos to camps, Einsatzgruppen came directly to the home communities of the Jews and slaughtered them. The German army provided vital support to the Einsatzgruppen, including supplies, transportation and housing. At first the Einsatzgruppen shot mainly Jewish men. Soon, wherever the Einsatzgruppen went, they shot all Jewish men, women and children without thought for their age or sex. They were all buried in a massive grave nearby. Near the end of July 1941, a troop of order police, under the command of higher SS and police leaders recently chosen for the occupied Soviet Union, engaged in systematic annihilation (the complete destruction) operations against larger Jewish communities. The reason they had to quickly eliminate all the Jews from 1941, was because there was a quick change of policies happening which meant that they had to get rid of the Jews. ...read more.

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