• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
  1. 1
  2. 2
  3. 3
  4. 4
  5. 5
  6. 6
  7. 7
  8. 8
  9. 9
  10. 10
  11. 11
  12. 12
  13. 13

The Holocaust

Extracts from this document...


The Holocaust AO1: a What does the word "Holocaust'' mean and why do some Jews prefer to use the term "Shoah''? The word Holocaust means 'burnt offering' or 'sacrifice'. This Jewish genocide was called this, mainly because the Nazis killed the majority of Jewish people by burning them. The word Shoah means whirlwind. This was the best way the Jews could explain the horrific event. AO1:b Describe what happened to the Jews of Europe in the 1930's and 40's. Before the Nazi's came to power, life for the Jews of Europe was just like any other. They worked, went to school, got married, played sport, the wealthy went on holidays and lived normal lives. It weren't until the Nazis came to power that all of this changed. They had experienced discrimination in previous generations, like in the middle Ages. Church Leaders blamed Jews for the death of Christ. So they were known as evil. Jewish people would experience oppression, expulsion and massacre. This went on in to the 19th century. Scientists would make up fake accounts and theories just too back up their anti Semitism. They have never been the most favourite of people. Nothing was as bad as to what was going to happen to them though. ...read more.


To France and Britain's disadvantage, Adolf, by this time had built up a strong disciplined and powerful army. He had swept across Poland in weeks, by using his Blitzkrieg policy. (Lightening war). This meant attacking strongly and quickly. They used the same plan a year later, but this time by attacking Scandinavia Holland, Belgium, and France. This again only took a few weeks, killing everything and anything in their way. 1940- The Jews of occupied Europe are forced to move to Ghettos. What were conditions like in the ghettos? Ghettos were streets in a run down area of a city, an awful place to live in. The living conditions were horrific. Starvation, disease and cramped conditions were all popular in the ghettos. People were fed two pieces of bread a day, if that. Eventually their skeletons began to show. They had no fat, just bone! People were so infested with disease and so hungry, they would literally drop dead. One of the worst possible ways to die, and it was happening to thousands of innocent people a day. 30,000 people lived in a ghetto which would only be meant for 7,000. This is how cramped it was! People would go to extremes just to survive, even the children would have to risk getting shot just to smuggle a slice of bread. ...read more.


State Dr Freisler: Reich Ministry of Justice Secretary of State Dr Buehler: Office of the Government General Under Secretary of State Dr Luther: Foreign Office SS-Oberf�hrer Klopfer: Party Chancellery Ministerialdirektor Kritzinger: Reich Chancellery SS-Gruppenf�hrer Hofmann: Race and Settlement Office SS-Gruppenf�hrer Mueller: Reich Main Security Office SS-Obersturmbannf�hrer Eichmann: Reich Main Security Office SS-Oberf�hrer Dr Schoengarth: Security Police and SD SS-Sturmbannf�hrer Dr Lange: Security Police and SD SS Obergruppenf�hrer Heydrich: Chief of the Security Police and SD All 16 were chosen by Eichmann. In Paragraph III, Eichmann states the following: "Another possible solution of the problem (of the Jews) has now taken the place of emigration, i.e. the evacuation of the Jews to the east, provided that the F�hrer gives the appropriate approval in advance. These actions are, however, only to be considered provisional, but practical experience is already being collected which is of the greatest importance in relation to the future final solution of the Jewish question. Approximately 11 million Jews will be involved in the final solution of the European Jewish question." If the Wannsee Conference had been something else other than the plan for the mass murder of Jews in Europe, then Adolf Eichmann would have had the opportunity to state this at his trial in Israel in 1961. Instead he defended himself by stating that he was simply obeying orders. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. Why did the Holocaust happen?

    Hitler convinced many audiences about his views, after all he was an excellent public speaker and delivered and displayed his points clearly. However despite the range of different audiences that he spoke to, he still manage to change is points to fit the required audience, and just like that more

  2. Describe how Jews were persecuted in the twentieth century before the Holocaust.

    Though anti-Semitism in Germany had been around for centuries, it had reached a boiling point by 1933. German Jews were being harassed, beaten, arrested and imprisoned. Their businesses and shops were being boycotted and looted. Hitler's plan was almost halfway complete.

  1. Why Did Kristallnacht Take Place? (a) A ...

    He then goes on to say that 'Goebbels was not responsible for the economy', and that his planning of the destruction of the Jewish property had given him difficult economic problems to take care off. He says how Hitler stuck up for Goebbels to a point, but that he thought

  2. Why did the Holocaust Happen?

    Source 8 was written by an anomalous German civil servant who wished to set the record straight to the British Consul in Cologne, Germany. They state that most people had nothing to do with all of the destruction, riots and acts of terrorism.

  1. The responsibility of the Holocaust can always be argued. It is not as simple ...

    They were not the most active participants in the Holocaust though. The people of Germany themselves played a big role to a certain extent. They also claimed that they were unaware of the horrendous activities happening to the Jews in the East.

  2. What was the main cause of Kristallnacht?

    been given: "hammers, axes and fire bombs"; it says that "the activity of the fire brigade [had been] confined to spraying water on adjoining buildings" and that there "was ... arrest and transportation to concentration camps". These three things all need lots of organisation - for instance, someone would need

  1. Why did the Holocaust happen?

    They portrayed the Jew as an evil villain, this was especially effective to brain wash the children. Even in schools, they were teaching anti-semetic values. He also began to 'racially cleanse' Germany. He sterilised all mentally or physically disabled people by methods such as x-rays.

  2. Explain the status and position of the European Jews at the end of the ...

    All this was making Jews a lot easier to blame as things started to disintegrate after the war. They were obvious together when living in their ghettos, and many believed, or tricked themselves into believing, that the Jews were to blame for German hardship.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work