• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The idea of evacuation came about following the end of WW1.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

As soon as the war was declared in 1939, around 1.5 million people, mainly school children, were moved from areas at high risk of bombing: big cities, industrial areas, ports, villages and towns near to airfields. The evacuation had been well organised but was not without flaws. The idea of evacuation came about following the end of WW1. The Germans made 103 air raids on Britain during WW1, killing over 1,400 and injuring almost 4000. While civilian losses were relatively small compared to the massacres taking place in the trenches; they had a huge impact on the general public, who found themselves in the front line for the first time. After the Spanish Civil war, Britain became anxious. A number of estimates were taken into account, concerning the effects of the war on the country itself. Estimates on bombing grew steadily erratic as the war approached. In 1924, it was believed that in the first twenty-four hours of any new war, three hundred tonnes of high explosives would be dropped on Britain, more than had been dropped in the entire WW1. ...read more.

Middle

What of the government in Westminster? It will be swept away by an avalanche of terror. The enemy will dictate his terms which will be grasped by a straw, like a drowning man." - The Darkest hour by B. Hilton In 1939 a Civil Defence Act was passed which granted emergency powers to local governments in wartime. Their responsibilities included the organisation of evacuees, from procedure, to their respective carers. Civilians had now become legitimate targets, so the government felt a responsibility to evacuate those vulnerable in society, i.e. the poor inner city civilians. Targeted by the government for three main reasons: i. They lived in areas most likely to be bombed ii. They would be less able to evacuate themselves iii. Concerns over public order and the sanctity of property, led by the government to view this "class" of people as a serious threat to the maintenance of public order and war effort. As one of the sub-committees over seeing Air Raid Precautions put in the 1930's the most likely to panic would be the "less stable in character of foreign elements living within London as well as the very poor living in East and southern London. ...read more.

Conclusion

Evacuees weren't accustomed o rural living. The city and country values clashed. Many evacuees came from the slums of the inner cities. They often found themselves in much wealthier homes and had to cope with different standards of behaviour. Evacuees were separated from their families. Some evacuee children were badly abused or exploited. Some avoided the responsibility of taking in evacuees. A report by the Association of Headmasters and Head Mistresses in July 1941 criticised many better off people for "shirking their responsibilities." Evacuation saved many lives, but it had other important effects. It freed up mothers to take part in vital war work. Evacuation was also a powerful social force. Youngsters from the poor inner cities saw the country side, often for the first time. Taken in by the wealthy and the privileged, evacuees were exposed to a life they had never dreamed of. At the same time the upper classes, were shown the harsh realities for poorer people of society. After the war it gave people a chance to reconsider issues, and brought the country together after the ordeal. Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children at the start of WW2? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Britain 1905-1951 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Britain 1905-1951 essays

  1. What was life like in the trenches during WW1?

    They came from the canal in the East and somehow penetrated everything that came in their way. I had a small breakfast this morning, as I usually save most of my rations for the evening when I am truly tired and hungry.

  2. How important were Haig's tactics in bringing an end to WW1?

    He was a good friend of the King of England and he had friends in the war cabinet. Nowadays Haig has two reputations. One as a hero, because he came back from the war alive and triumphant. The other is a butcher, because if you look at the statistics of his battles, many Allies died.

  1. World war 1

    The tactics used during the war were poor and lots of men died, however no one gained land. The equipment was also unsuccessful which meant that both sides could survive from enemy attacks. Another major factor was the low self-esteem of soldiers; as time went on they know neither side could win or break through the enemy's line.

  2. The Different Roles of Women in WW1

    They quickly gained a "bad" reputation for sexual misconduct with the troops in France. 5. What was the scale of female employment in the armed forces? 100,000 women served in the various sections of the armed services. 6. Why was the Women's Land Army so important?

  1. How did WW1 contribute to nationalism in the British Colonies?

    Many citizens of the British Empire were overcome by nationalistic sentiments. As this nationalism began to grow, countries exaggerated their power and status as being superior to others around them. Propaganda was also widely used to influence colonies to join and 'fight for their country'.

  2. Explain that New technology like the tank helped win WW1

    Another quite new piece of technology was the airplane. This was first used in a reconnaissance role by flying over enemy trenches and taking pictures of the trenches and looking out for troop movements. But when in 1915 the synchronization gear was first used on the frontlines with the Germans

  1. Underlying messages portrayed by Blackadder Goes Fourth of WW1

    The Major General really resembles Haig, however if the picture isn't meant to be Haig the source is completely useless to historians studying Haig as it would be nothing to do with him. The source tells us that the Major General is never on the front line, we know this as the Sergeant Major say's "The absence of the General".

  2. World War 1

    However, there were also some bad points to this solution. One was that you would have to watch your friend or relative die in war which also meant you could be distracted either by losing your close ones or just simply not focusing on the task ahead by chattering away.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work