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The impact of the industrial revolution on the life and health of the British people

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The impact of the industrial revolution on the life and health of the British people Trade and industry changed dramatically during the Victorian period. The invention of new machines and the growth of factories affected the working lives of many people. The invention of steam power meant that many jobs could now be done by machines and steam powered machines meant that more goods could be made and much faster than before, when they were made by hand. When manufacturers realised this, they put their machines into huge factories so that all the work could be done in one place. Coal was needed to help make steam to power the machines. ...read more.


The revolution had many impacts on Victorian life and many people benefited from industrialization but many people did not. For most people the Industrial Revolution was a good thing. Farm workers now had machines to help them and owners of the new factories and mills were making lots of money from the goods, made in their factories, being exported and sold. New inventions such as the telegraph and the typewriter created different kinds of jobs. However, for many people, life was made much more difficult. Factory workers had no rights and had to work long hours in dreadful conditions for a very low pay. ...read more.


The new housing was very badly built, often on poorly drained and cheap land. The bad impacts were only short-term affects because in the long term new laws and trade unions were helping to improve the bad conditions of the factories and people generally had a bit more money to spend Unfortunately, it was only after the outbreaks of diseases such as cholera and typhus that action was taken. In many areas local boards of health were elected and medical officers of health appointed. Improvements came, but they were gradual and drainage and sewage schemes were expensive. Towns were quick to take advantage of the Artisans' Dwelling Act of 1875, which allowed local authorities to compulsory purchase slum areas and build new houses. The world of work was very different as people headed towards the new century. ...read more.

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