• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Impact of the Versailles Treaty on Germany

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

9-Sep-01 The Impact of the Versailles Treaty on Germany Why did so many Germans not expect a harsh Treaty? * Have set up a democratic republic (expect lenient treatment) Kaiser has gone + members are not responsible for conduct of war * Germany had huge problems: economic / political, expecting allies to pity them or help * Hadn't actually been defeated militarily - people didn't know * Population felt it was the leaders at fault + other nations (War Guilt Clause 231) ...read more.

Middle

force, no conscription, 6 warships, no subs., no heavy artillery - de-militarised Rhineland, only allowed 7 years service - army worse than Belgium * Economically - Saarland output to France, �6.6 billion reparations - not announced till 1921, Germany lost 10% industry, 15% agricultural land lost (East) * Psychologically - hard done by - population gutted (mainly from expectations) - leads to extremists, leads to national humiliation (war guilt + military weakening) didn't feel they had lost the war - Treaty was a diktat, forced to be signed in Paris - same rooms when in 1870 French surrendered to Germans - Hall of Mirrors John Maynard Keynes (British economist) ...read more.

Conclusion

German criticisms of Versailles * 'Doltchuss' - stab-in-the-back impact on undermining Weimar Regime - shouldn't have signed * Monsters (evil) signed the treaty - vindictive * Will lead to another war - revenge - leaders are insensitive - don't look forward * Treaty denied human rights - no self-determination * Encourages opposition - made Germans hostile idea of rightful place - Germany should be great, Versailles represses Germany's rightful status * Germany lost its international status (due to France) - Germany has been split up into two * Military criticism * * * * ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1900-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1900-1939 essays

  1. Peer reviewed

    Why did the treaty of versailles provoke widespread hostility among Germans?

    4 star(s)

    The German economy was in ruins by 1919 and the Treaty was seen as a deliberate attempt by the Allies to prevent a German economic recovery. They felt the treaty gave unfair economic advantages to her enemies. A.J. Nicholls stated: "The Allies established commissions to supervise reparations and the disarmament

  2. Summary of John Maynard Keynes' "The Economic Consequences of the Peace".

    Poland, newly formed states and Mandated States must be a member of the union. It has to include some countries like the UK. Fixing the Reparation will renew hope of peace and Germany's ability to pay within its capacity.

  1. "Was the treaty of Versailles fair?"

    In meetings with the British Prime Minister, In Munich, Hitler was given the Sudetenland in return for no more territorial demands. The Agre! ement was made and peace was made in order to appease Hitler, so he would no longer cause any further problems.

  2. Why did the Versailles Treaty arouse such opposition in Germany?

    Germany was excluded from this. This made Germany appear to be an insignificant power in Europe which many proud German nationalists could not except these were also the same people who founded the "stab in the back myth" and would later lead to right wing unrest in the Weimar Republic.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work