• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Impact of the Versailles Treaty on Germany

Extracts from this document...


9-Sep-01 The Impact of the Versailles Treaty on Germany Why did so many Germans not expect a harsh Treaty? * Have set up a democratic republic (expect lenient treatment) Kaiser has gone + members are not responsible for conduct of war * Germany had huge problems: economic / political, expecting allies to pity them or help * Hadn't actually been defeated militarily - people didn't know * Population felt it was the leaders at fault + other nations (War Guilt Clause 231) ...read more.


force, no conscription, 6 warships, no subs., no heavy artillery - de-militarised Rhineland, only allowed 7 years service - army worse than Belgium * Economically - Saarland output to France, �6.6 billion reparations - not announced till 1921, Germany lost 10% industry, 15% agricultural land lost (East) * Psychologically - hard done by - population gutted (mainly from expectations) - leads to extremists, leads to national humiliation (war guilt + military weakening) didn't feel they had lost the war - Treaty was a diktat, forced to be signed in Paris - same rooms when in 1870 French surrendered to Germans - Hall of Mirrors John Maynard Keynes (British economist) ...read more.


German criticisms of Versailles * 'Doltchuss' - stab-in-the-back impact on undermining Weimar Regime - shouldn't have signed * Monsters (evil) signed the treaty - vindictive * Will lead to another war - revenge - leaders are insensitive - don't look forward * Treaty denied human rights - no self-determination * Encourages opposition - made Germans hostile idea of rightful place - Germany should be great, Versailles represses Germany's rightful status * Germany lost its international status (due to France) - Germany has been split up into two * Military criticism * * * * ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1900-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1900-1939 essays

  1. Peer reviewed

    Why did the treaty of versailles provoke widespread hostility among Germans?

    4 star(s)

    clauses, so that the Germans could feel that their country was being controlled and exploited by her enemies." He also argues that there is no doubt that the reparation clauses in the treaty were among the least felicitous elements in the peace settlement.

  2. Summary of John Maynard Keynes' "The Economic Consequences of the Peace".

    Poland, newly formed states and Mandated States must be a member of the union. It has to include some countries like the UK. Fixing the Reparation will renew hope of peace and Germany's ability to pay within its capacity.

  1. "Was the treaty of Versailles fair?"

    As Hitler grew bolder, so did his conquests. Next on his agenda was Czechoslovakia, a country surrounded on three side by Germany and Austria. Hitler demanded that the German speaking section of the country should become part of Germany. The Czech Government was strongly against Hitler's demands feeling that they did not have anything to worry about since they were militarily allied with France and Russia.

  2. Why did the Versailles Treaty arouse such opposition in Germany?

    The League of Nations was also set up, this was meant to be based upon people of the same culture and language living together. Germany was excluded from this.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work