• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Impact of the Versailles Treaty on Germany

Extracts from this document...


9-Sep-01 The Impact of the Versailles Treaty on Germany Why did so many Germans not expect a harsh Treaty? * Have set up a democratic republic (expect lenient treatment) Kaiser has gone + members are not responsible for conduct of war * Germany had huge problems: economic / political, expecting allies to pity them or help * Hadn't actually been defeated militarily - people didn't know * Population felt it was the leaders at fault + other nations (War Guilt Clause 231) ...read more.


force, no conscription, 6 warships, no subs., no heavy artillery - de-militarised Rhineland, only allowed 7 years service - army worse than Belgium * Economically - Saarland output to France, �6.6 billion reparations - not announced till 1921, Germany lost 10% industry, 15% agricultural land lost (East) * Psychologically - hard done by - population gutted (mainly from expectations) - leads to extremists, leads to national humiliation (war guilt + military weakening) didn't feel they had lost the war - Treaty was a diktat, forced to be signed in Paris - same rooms when in 1870 French surrendered to Germans - Hall of Mirrors John Maynard Keynes (British economist) ...read more.


German criticisms of Versailles * 'Doltchuss' - stab-in-the-back impact on undermining Weimar Regime - shouldn't have signed * Monsters (evil) signed the treaty - vindictive * Will lead to another war - revenge - leaders are insensitive - don't look forward * Treaty denied human rights - no self-determination * Encourages opposition - made Germans hostile idea of rightful place - Germany should be great, Versailles represses Germany's rightful status * Germany lost its international status (due to France) - Germany has been split up into two * Military criticism * * * * ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1900-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1900-1939 essays

  1. Peer reviewed

    Why did the treaty of versailles provoke widespread hostility among Germans?

    4 star(s)

    This left Germany vulnerable from the even the weakest of enemies and made them feel very unsafe and insecure. Germans were further angered when they discovered that much of their navy was to be given to the British. The German navy had almost defeated the British navy, which had seemed invincible until the Great War.

  2. Summary of John Maynard Keynes' "The Economic Consequences of the Peace".

    Poland, newly formed states and Mandated States must be a member of the union. It has to include some countries like the UK. Fixing the Reparation will renew hope of peace and Germany's ability to pay within its capacity.

  1. "Was the treaty of Versailles fair?"

    This new technique proved well in the invasion of Poland, which took the Germans only two weeks to take over. Although the Poles had been long time allies of the British and the French, there was not much that the allies could do for her, because it would have involved going through Germany.

  2. Why did the Versailles Treaty arouse such opposition in Germany?

    France pushed for an anti-German agenda mainly because much of its territory was used as a battleground and had received huge casualties and financial debts. This was also the case for Britain who had built up huge debts to the Americans to pay for the war.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work