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The impact Stalin had on the Russian People in agriculture and industry.

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Introduction

The impact Stalin had on the Russian People in agriculture and industry. Through the 1920s peasants provided the Soviet government with many problems. The argument about the future of NEP was largely to do with how the government should treat the peasants. It was an argument that had already split the politburo in two. Early in 1928 Stalin announced that the USSR was 2 million tonnes short of the minimum amount of grain needed for feeding the workers in the cities. Stalin, fearing a famine, sent police squads to all country areas to raid farms, but still this did not work. These measures were not enough. So, in 1929 Stalin announced a more radical solution to the problem; farms were to be 'collectivised.' Collectivisation meant the end of small old fashioned farms. Stalin wanted all the peasants to work on a Kolkhoz - a collective farm. The peasants working on these farms would receive low wages and a low fixed price for their grain. ...read more.

Middle

To achieve this, he introduced the five-year plans. This would hopefully bring Russia into the 20th century. It was first launched in 1928, it focused on building heavy industries like coal and steel. To encourage Soviet workers a propaganda campaign was set up to complete the plan in just four years. Enormous increases in production were achieved. However , the successes also brought social and economic problems. The transport system of the USSR could not cope with all the goods produced. Towns and Cities had to expand to house the expanding industrial workforce. The demand by the people for housing, food, clothing and transport was so great that the system came close to collapse. Rationing had to be introduced to feed the ever expanding workforce of the USSR. A second and third plan was introduced but the third plan got interrupted by war. To make sure the Soviet Workers reached their targets, Stalin set up all kinds of new work practices. ...read more.

Conclusion

They had new houses built for them and appeared regularly on front of newspapers. However, they were treated badly by other fellow work mates and some were even killed. The Stakhanov movement was there for quickly dropped in the late 1930s. As a result of these plans Stalin was bale to increase the coal production from 35.4 million tonnes to 128.0, steel from 4.0 to17.7 and oil from 11.7 to 28.5. Millions of the workers were agricultural peasants who came into towns looking for jobs with little experience, most of them lacked basic training. As peasants flooded into towns and cities they got overcrowded and trams and buses were packed at suffocation point. Everything was shared even housing, a lot of workers had to live in tents, huts and all sorts of makeshift structures. Despite the problems of harsh discipline and the bad conditions, soviet workers were better of than the countries in the west. Overall Stalin had made a huge impact on agriculture and industry and every worker had a job, this was a good impact. Farzin Dadashi History Coursework ...read more.

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