• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

"The Indian National Congress had, in the first twenty years of its existence, been a dismal failure." Evaluate this assessment in light of the INC's objectives, and discuss reasons for its failure and/ or success.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

YR 1 HARI QUES: - "The Indian National Congress had, in the first twenty years of its existence, been a dismal failure." Evaluate this assessment in light of the INC's objectives, and discuss reasons for its failure and/ or success. ANS: - The Indian National Congress (INC) was formed in 1885. It comprised primarily of rich Indians whose main aim was putting forward their complains to the British. In order to answer the question as fully as possible I will examine a few of The INC'S objectives and see whether they were successful or not in light of the events that took place during the period 1885- 1905. I will then on the basis of the evidence I present evaluate whether The INC was a failure in its first twenty years. The INC initially was comprised of about 85 people. One of its aims was to have Indians "get to know each other better". ...read more.

Middle

The INC saw itself as a base to discuss problems around India and solve them by presenting them to the British, who they hoped would solve these problems. Looking back at this aim we can see that it was truly a "dismal failure" as the British did nothing to help solve these problems. The British viewed The INC as a "body" (not even a party) that would help keep the "government in touch with public opinion." Indians would pay the British government money. This money paid by Indians would be used by the British to fund their army or be used as pensions for retired army officers. The INC wanted to stop this "leakage" which was known as "home- charges". As a result of these home charges the Indian economy further suffered. In truth the Indian government were paying for British retired officers. These home charges did not stop during the first twenty years of The INC. ...read more.

Conclusion

The INC from the start never managed to capture the imagination of the people of India, as many men disliked the idea. The party was never secular, as Hindu festivals were celebrated. This particular factor obviously created a sense of isolation amongst Muslims (in particular)- and as a result no real unity was ever formed. The INC did not always reflect the views of people. Some of the problems/ prepositions put forward to the British were aimed to benefit the wealthy instead of the poor. The INC wanted the British to change certain policies of theirs- such as the "home charges" and less money spent on the British military. The British did not change these policies and as a result the Indian population suffered and as a result The INC could not move forward. However, though The INC was a failure during its first twenty years what it did do was sow the seeds for a revolution that would take place later. The first twenty years established for the masses a group that could be supported as a way of fighting the British. ................................................................................ ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. With what success has the Britain government tried to deal with the Irish Troubles ...

    on May the 28th power sharing was forced to come to an end. The British Government were made to go back to Direct Rule and the Protestants were extremely happy. I believed that this reaction showed how little the politicians in Britain new about the situations going on in Ireland as this reaction would mean more fighting from the Nationalists.

  2. What were the causes of Indian Independencein 1947, and was partition inevitable?

    It also made the British appear as more stubborn and unwilling to change, making the Indians feel that nationalism and pushing for independence themselves was the best way to gain dominion or independent status. Because of this, the 1919 Montford reforms were actually very important; they were the first major

  1. To what extent were Stalins economic policies successful?

    This meant that Russia didn't actually achieve what Stalin wanted so you could argue industrialisation was a failure. Collectivisation had a few failures as well. The propaganda that was shown to the people obviously didn't work as there were rebellions and riots everywhere.

  2. Culture Wars: Forster's A Passage To India

    The above description of the Indians as basically nothing more than uncivilized heathens is a case in point. Another instance happens when The Collector suggests the bridge party and the British ladies, besides Adela and Mrs. Moore, are amused and shocked that anyone should want to meet Indians.

  1. Just like previous attempts to bring peace to Northern Ireland, the Good Friday Agreement ...

    Now ill we be stating the aims of the Good Friday Agreement and whether each aim was a short or long term aim. A short term aim meaning that the aim would kick in straight away and a long term aim meaning that a aim will take several of years to finally kick in.

  2. Critical assessment of the last days of the Tsar

    In this essay I am going to critically assess the different interpretations of the last days of the Tsar concerning the question of who and why gave the order to kill him and his family. The Romanov dynasty ruled Russia from 1613 until the overthrow of Nicholas II in 1917.

  1. From the Chicheleys to the Bambridges the National Trust aim to provide time capsules ...

    In 1740 Lord Hardwicke Philip Yorke purchased Wimpole. The architect Henry Flitcroft was employed to convert Harley's cabinet rooms into the long gallery. The Long Gallery exists today, although it is not an exact time capsule of Lord Hardwicke, as there are columns that have been added by a later owner.

  2. Free essay

    History Assessment

    I feel that this was extremely ill-mannered and chauvinistic. However, Jesse Owens carried on going even though there was a lot of prejudice. Another example, I noticed, was that he wasn't allowed on the front of the bus and had to go through the back door or he couldn't go

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work