• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  3. 3
    3
  4. 4
    4
  • Level: GCSE
  • Subject: History
  • Document length: 1017 words

"The Indian National Congress had, in the first twenty years of its existence, been a dismal failure." Evaluate this assessment in light of the INC's objectives, and discuss reasons for its failure and/ or success.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

YR 1 HARI QUES: - "The Indian National Congress had, in the first twenty years of its existence, been a dismal failure." Evaluate this assessment in light of the INC's objectives, and discuss reasons for its failure and/ or success. ANS: - The Indian National Congress (INC) was formed in 1885. It comprised primarily of rich Indians whose main aim was putting forward their complains to the British. In order to answer the question as fully as possible I will examine a few of The INC'S objectives and see whether they were successful or not in light of the events that took place during the period 1885- 1905. I will then on the basis of the evidence I present evaluate whether The INC was a failure in its first twenty years. The INC initially was comprised of about 85 people. One of its aims was to have Indians "get to know each other better". ...read more.

Middle

The INC saw itself as a base to discuss problems around India and solve them by presenting them to the British, who they hoped would solve these problems. Looking back at this aim we can see that it was truly a "dismal failure" as the British did nothing to help solve these problems. The British viewed The INC as a "body" (not even a party) that would help keep the "government in touch with public opinion." Indians would pay the British government money. This money paid by Indians would be used by the British to fund their army or be used as pensions for retired army officers. The INC wanted to stop this "leakage" which was known as "home- charges". As a result of these home charges the Indian economy further suffered. In truth the Indian government were paying for British retired officers. These home charges did not stop during the first twenty years of The INC. ...read more.

Conclusion

The INC from the start never managed to capture the imagination of the people of India, as many men disliked the idea. The party was never secular, as Hindu festivals were celebrated. This particular factor obviously created a sense of isolation amongst Muslims (in particular)- and as a result no real unity was ever formed. The INC did not always reflect the views of people. Some of the problems/ prepositions put forward to the British were aimed to benefit the wealthy instead of the poor. The INC wanted the British to change certain policies of theirs- such as the "home charges" and less money spent on the British military. The British did not change these policies and as a result the Indian population suffered and as a result The INC could not move forward. However, though The INC was a failure during its first twenty years what it did do was sow the seeds for a revolution that would take place later. The first twenty years established for the masses a group that could be supported as a way of fighting the British. ................................................................................ ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. With what success has the Britain government tried to deal with the Irish Troubles ...

    on May the 28th power sharing was forced to come to an end. The British Government were made to go back to Direct Rule and the Protestants were extremely happy. I believed that this reaction showed how little the politicians in Britain new about the situations going on in Ireland as this reaction would mean more fighting from the Nationalists.

  2. What were the causes of Indian Independencein 1947, and was partition inevitable?

    It also made the British appear as more stubborn and unwilling to change, making the Indians feel that nationalism and pushing for independence themselves was the best way to gain dominion or independent status. Because of this, the 1919 Montford reforms were actually very important; they were the first major

  1. To What Extent Was the Indian Mutiny of 1857-1858 the Sole Responsibility of the ...

    The extent to which this is true is debatable. Charles Grant, who later became the chairman if the Court of Directors of the East India Company thought that "the conversion of Indians to the 'truth' - Western Christian truth - would not only raise their moral standards" [4], but would make them less ignorant and therefore make them better people.

  2. Culture Wars: Forster's A Passage To India

    Aziz is unable to refrain from answering, "To ask an educated Indian Moslem how many wives he has--appalling, hideous!" (144). His embarrassment causes him to absent himself from her presence for a time which turns out to be a mistake.

  1. Why did a campaign for womens suffrage develop in the years after 1870?

    Towards the end of war the "London Gazette" surveyed 444,000 women to find out to what extent their circumstances had changed. 68% of them had changed jobs since the war began in 1914. 22% were unemployed in 1914 and now had work; 23% had moved form one factory job to another factory.

  2. From the Chicheleys to the Bambridges the National Trust aim to provide time capsules ...

    He dug up areas and moved them to different sites on the estate, to create a natural hilly landscape This has been a lasting legacy of that time. The National Trust has been especially successful in preserving Brown's look. In 1790 the 2nd Earl died and he had no sons, so his nephew inherited Wimpole.

  1. Just like previous attempts to bring peace to Northern Ireland, the Good Friday Agreement ...

    The Mitchell Report was published on 22 January 199. The report wanted a commitment and adherence to fundamental democracy and non-violence, by an acceptance of six principles. This is a breakthrough because they all got together and bashed an agreement for peace. On 20th July 1997, the IRA announced another cease-fire, the political situation had changed in 1997.

  2. Evacuation was a success

    All these can affect the limitation of data. The Secondary Data was gotten of the school network and I randomly selected 60 students using my calculator. Below is a table of year 7 -9 and 10 -11 secondary data I will be using in this investigation. Student Number Year Group Years Months Gender Height (m)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work