"The Indian National Congress had, in the first twenty years of its existence, been a dismal failure." Evaluate this assessment in light of the INC's objectives, and discuss reasons for its failure and/ or success.
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YR 1 HARI QUES: - "The Indian National Congress had, in the first twenty years of its existence, been a dismal failure." Evaluate this assessment in light of the INC's objectives, and discuss reasons for its failure and/ or success. ANS: - The Indian National Congress (INC) was formed in 1885. It comprised primarily of rich Indians whose main aim was putting forward their complains to the British. In order to answer the question as fully as possible I will examine a few of The INC'S objectives and see whether they were successful or not in light of the events that took place during the period 1885- 1905. I will then on the basis of the evidence I present evaluate whether The INC was a failure in its first twenty years. The INC initially was comprised of about 85 people. One of its aims was to have Indians "get to know each other better".
The INC saw itself as a base to discuss problems around India and solve them by presenting them to the British, who they hoped would solve these problems. Looking back at this aim we can see that it was truly a "dismal failure" as the British did nothing to help solve these problems. The British viewed The INC as a "body" (not even a party) that would help keep the "government in touch with public opinion." Indians would pay the British government money. This money paid by Indians would be used by the British to fund their army or be used as pensions for retired army officers. The INC wanted to stop this "leakage" which was known as "home- charges". As a result of these home charges the Indian economy further suffered. In truth the Indian government were paying for British retired officers. These home charges did not stop during the first twenty years of The INC.
The INC from the start never managed to capture the imagination of the people of India, as many men disliked the idea. The party was never secular, as Hindu festivals were celebrated. This particular factor obviously created a sense of isolation amongst Muslims (in particular)- and as a result no real unity was ever formed. The INC did not always reflect the views of people. Some of the problems/ prepositions put forward to the British were aimed to benefit the wealthy instead of the poor. The INC wanted the British to change certain policies of theirs- such as the "home charges" and less money spent on the British military. The British did not change these policies and as a result the Indian population suffered and as a result The INC could not move forward. However, though The INC was a failure during its first twenty years what it did do was sow the seeds for a revolution that would take place later. The first twenty years established for the masses a group that could be supported as a way of fighting the British. ................................................................................
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