• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

the Irish question

Extracts from this document...


The Irish Question James Windle Question one-The Past Throughout history Ireland has been host to much violence and conflict, this trouble has mainly been with England and has mainly been about religious differences. Henry VIII In the 1530's Henry VIII planned to divorce his first wife Katherine of Aragon as she could not provide him with a male heir only a girl (Mary). Consequently, Henry broke from the Roman Catholic Church as divorce was forbidden by Catholics, he changed the religion of England from Roman Catholic to Protestant and set up his own Protestant church in England. Worried by the threat of invasion from foreign Catholics who could use Ireland as a base, Henry decided to extend England's control over the Irish, most of the Irish had remained loyal to the Catholic Church when Henry become protestant. Henry was also scared the Irish would revolt so he made himself king of Ireland and passed laws such as "...no person or persons ... shall be shaven above the ears or use any hair covering their upper lip" this law stopped the Irish growing a moustache and shaving their heads. Many more laws were passed like stopping the Irish dyeing there clothes with saffron (an orange dye).All these laws were passed to try to anglicise ...read more.


Thousands died of disease and starvation. James and his army continued to attack more Protestant towns causing anger in Britain. By marriage to Mary the Queen of England, the Dutch William of Orange became the new king of England. William was James's son-in-law but unlike James, William was protestant and in 1690 William took his armies to Ireland to fight James and his Catholic allies. William won great victories at the battle of the Boyne and at Aughrim, It was not long before James II and the catholic armies surrendered. William of Orange's victories over the Catholics are still celebrated today by the Irish Protestants of Ulster. They parade through the streets wearing orange. These marches cause a lot of friction in Ireland as they pass through Catholic areas and celebrate the Protestants' victory over the Catholics. This caused a lot of resentment in Ireland because the Catholics suffered terrible beatings at the hands of the Protestants and William of Orange. The 'Orange marches' still cause anger and resentment today as the Protestants are celebrating their brutal victory over the Catholics these marches also pass through Catholic areas causing even more friction. The Potato Famine In 1846 Ireland's entire potato crop totally failed. ...read more.


Britain's actions caused resentment because they killed all the nationalist leaders making them martyrs and brutally crushed the republican rebellion. Although many Irish people disagreed with the actions taken by the rebels they were shocked that the British had sentenced them to death. The use of massive and brutal force against the rebels caused the Irish Nationalists to feel even more anger and resentment towards the British. The above incidents show that the Irish Nationalists' anger and resentment towards Britain is deep rooted and has been growing for generations. The British interference in Ireland dated back to Henry VIII and had grown in ruthlessness over the generations. Resentment and Anger towards Britain would grow in the Irish Nationalists from their early childhood, as their parents would tell stories of how the British killed their relatives and took away their land and livelihoods. The British could have tried to win over the Irish people by helping them as close neighbours when they were starving through the Potato Famine, but the help was too little and too late and so caused more anger and resentment. Although peace efforts have been made, the anger and resentment is so deep rooted that no clear ending to the conflict can be seen. Neither side can forget the past. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 essays

  1. The History of Conflict in Ireland.

    Firstly, through striking up a very good relationship with Senator Kennedy and educating Senator Kennedy with the nuances of the Irish conflict, and then meeting with every successive president from President Carter onwards, he has done more than any single individual.

  2. How Did the Catholics Grow To hate the Protestants?

    Also the British government doesn't want any more bombs in England from the Real IRA or the IRA and so they are trying to make peace. The British Government's attitude has changed, in the past the British had a hard-line approach, when Margaret Thatcher was Prime Minster, she was determined

  1. How Effectively did Irish Catholic and Nationalist Leaders advance their Cause in the years ...

    Until he got into politics in 1874, he lived the life of a country gentleman. In the House of Commons he identified himself with the militant wing of the Home-rule party, which was critical of Isaac Butts leadership. He took part in obstructive tactics, which interrupted business, and consisted of

  2. The Irish Question

    The aims which the SDLP intend to achieve with the help of your vote are given on the manifesto for 2004 and tell us that they want; more jobs, more investment, more for the community, more for farmers, more for the environment, and more for developing countries, these agree with what the general moderate Nationalists aims are.

  1. The Irish Question

    Many Catholics however saw the Sunningdale Agreement as a way for the British government to try and reduce the blame for recent events such as Bloody Sunday. Many of the Protestant community of Ulster disagreed with the Sunningdale Agreement and displayed their feelings through a power workers strike, described by Eamonn Mccann in Source E.

  2. The Irish Adventure

    After the safari south, which took four hours longer than a similar journey that would have taken us back home, we arrived on the outskirts of Clonakilty. This was to be our home for the next week. The first thing that stood out was the vivid colour of the house and the houses around.

  1. Why Did ‘Bloody Sunday’ Take Place? (Russian History Sources Question)

    The painting shows this because the petioners are not armed and have come waving banners, and the article does not describe acts of violence, but they show respect for the Tsar. I think that the impression source D gives does agree in many ways with source C and the statements source C projects.

  2. History Coursework. The Irish Question – The Orange Marches

    did not accept the separation as permanent, and the reunification of Ireland remained an element of the constitution until the referendum of May 1998. The Protestant majority in Northern Ireland has consistently refused to consider a reunion. The boundary between the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland was fixed in 1925.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work