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The Irish question - What are the chances of peace in 2002?

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Introduction

Joseph Custodio G.C.S.E. History Coursework Modern world study: The Irish question What are the chances of peace in 2002? 1. What are the main differences between the beliefs of the Republicans/Nationalists and the loyalist/unionists Nationalists and Unionists (or Loyalists and Republicans) have been at loggerheads in Northern Ireland for many years now. There are fundamental differences between them. Nationalists are mainly Catholic. They believe they are Irish and that the north should be reunited with the south so that there can be one Ireland again. In other words, they want the British out of the north. There have been some moderate Nationalists who have wanted the north to stay part of the United Kingdom. You also found democratic Nationalists who campaigned for equal rights for all Catholic Nationalists in areas such as employment, living standards and education. You then find hard-line Nationalists who want to be totally separated from Britain and be governed by Ireland again. Both Nationalists and Unionists have their own political parties. The two main nationalist political parties are; * the SDLP (Social democratic labour party) * Sinn Fein The SDLP are seen as a moderate nationalist party who are committed to peaceful methods of political lobbying. ...read more.

Middle

This victory has become a pivotal moment for the Protestants of Northern Ireland. The story of King Billy begins when Protestant nobles deposed the catholic king of England James II. They saw this as protecting their liberty. They were afraid he would persecute them due to their religious believes. They then asked Mary, the Protestant daughter of James, and her husband, William to take James' place. James then fled to France and his catholic friend Louis XIV. They were good friends and Louis was also a bitter enemy of William. Louis provided James with troops and ships to help him get his throne back. James then took a detour to Ireland to get support from the catholic people of the country. Things went well for James, only north-west Ulster held out for support from William. As a result the crucial city of Londonderry held out and consequently became Protestant legend. The siege gave William enough time to send troops to help the suffering people of Londonderry. William then went on to defeat James at the battle of the Boyne in 1690. This signified the beginning of hundreds of years of power for the Protestants in Ireland. This piece of history has helped shape the view of Protestants in Ireland. ...read more.

Conclusion

All previous attempts have failed. These include the power sharing executive and the sunningdale agreement of 1973/74, the Anglo-Irish agreement of 1985, The Downing Street declaration, which would lead to the Good Friday agreement. The Good Friday agreement has since failed and the power sharing executive between the unionists and nationalists has been suspended. So why did they fail? The power sharing executive and the sunningdale agreement failed due to unionist suspicion over the council of Ireland. The council of Ireland was a group set up to link Belfast, Dublin and London over matters concerning all of them. Unionists felt that having main land Ireland in the agreement was a mistake. They felt they had no right being there. The Anglo Irish agreement didn't exactly fail, it just didn't seem to change much. This was agreed between Margaret Thatcher and Garrett Fitzgerald. It was agreed that there would be co-operation on legal, security and political issues. The main thing that was achieved by the Anglo-Irish agreement was that the British government did accept that there might be a united, independent Ireland one day. John Major and Albert Reynolds made the next attempt at peace in 1993.The aim of the Downing Street declaration was to decide on a new form of government for Northern Ireland. Only parties that rejected violence would be allowed to join and it must respect all traditions in Northern Ireland ...read more.

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