• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Irish question - What are the chances of peace in 2002?

Extracts from this document...


Joseph Custodio G.C.S.E. History Coursework Modern world study: The Irish question What are the chances of peace in 2002? 1. What are the main differences between the beliefs of the Republicans/Nationalists and the loyalist/unionists Nationalists and Unionists (or Loyalists and Republicans) have been at loggerheads in Northern Ireland for many years now. There are fundamental differences between them. Nationalists are mainly Catholic. They believe they are Irish and that the north should be reunited with the south so that there can be one Ireland again. In other words, they want the British out of the north. There have been some moderate Nationalists who have wanted the north to stay part of the United Kingdom. You also found democratic Nationalists who campaigned for equal rights for all Catholic Nationalists in areas such as employment, living standards and education. You then find hard-line Nationalists who want to be totally separated from Britain and be governed by Ireland again. Both Nationalists and Unionists have their own political parties. The two main nationalist political parties are; * the SDLP (Social democratic labour party) * Sinn Fein The SDLP are seen as a moderate nationalist party who are committed to peaceful methods of political lobbying. ...read more.


This victory has become a pivotal moment for the Protestants of Northern Ireland. The story of King Billy begins when Protestant nobles deposed the catholic king of England James II. They saw this as protecting their liberty. They were afraid he would persecute them due to their religious believes. They then asked Mary, the Protestant daughter of James, and her husband, William to take James' place. James then fled to France and his catholic friend Louis XIV. They were good friends and Louis was also a bitter enemy of William. Louis provided James with troops and ships to help him get his throne back. James then took a detour to Ireland to get support from the catholic people of the country. Things went well for James, only north-west Ulster held out for support from William. As a result the crucial city of Londonderry held out and consequently became Protestant legend. The siege gave William enough time to send troops to help the suffering people of Londonderry. William then went on to defeat James at the battle of the Boyne in 1690. This signified the beginning of hundreds of years of power for the Protestants in Ireland. This piece of history has helped shape the view of Protestants in Ireland. ...read more.


All previous attempts have failed. These include the power sharing executive and the sunningdale agreement of 1973/74, the Anglo-Irish agreement of 1985, The Downing Street declaration, which would lead to the Good Friday agreement. The Good Friday agreement has since failed and the power sharing executive between the unionists and nationalists has been suspended. So why did they fail? The power sharing executive and the sunningdale agreement failed due to unionist suspicion over the council of Ireland. The council of Ireland was a group set up to link Belfast, Dublin and London over matters concerning all of them. Unionists felt that having main land Ireland in the agreement was a mistake. They felt they had no right being there. The Anglo Irish agreement didn't exactly fail, it just didn't seem to change much. This was agreed between Margaret Thatcher and Garrett Fitzgerald. It was agreed that there would be co-operation on legal, security and political issues. The main thing that was achieved by the Anglo-Irish agreement was that the British government did accept that there might be a united, independent Ireland one day. John Major and Albert Reynolds made the next attempt at peace in 1993.The aim of the Downing Street declaration was to decide on a new form of government for Northern Ireland. Only parties that rejected violence would be allowed to join and it must respect all traditions in Northern Ireland ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 essays

  1. What are the main differences between Republicans / Nationalists and Unionists / Loyalists?

    How has the Civil Rights Movement Shaped the Views of Today's Nationalist Catholics and Protestant Unionists? Another key event in Northern Ireland's history is the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s and 70s. This was the struggle for Catholics to receive equal rights and stop the discrimination they faced from unionist Protestants.

  2. The History of Conflict in Ireland.

    That if they had gone for this earlier, it is conceivable that we could have avoided some of the deaths. Equally, it is conceivable that others had to go through the same learning curve. And so you cannot look at the Republican movement in isolation.

  1. Why was the Battle of the Boyne an important event in Irish history? Why ...

    lane, which initially had been mixed, became ethnically cleansed forming a Catholic stronghold. This resulted in a different political climate and Catholic resident groups sprang up, the opposition to parades through Catholic areas had begun. Previous to this in 1705 the Orange Order was founded, not far from Portadown to

  2. Events Which Shape Irish People's Views Today

    1912 - 1914 has also opinionated the other Nationalist group are the Nationalist Hardliners whom share beliefs with Moderate Nationalist's on the end product (freedom for Ireland) yet they see the need for physical force to be used as it "is through the use of arms" that "the freedom of their country" will come.

  1. Previous attempts to bring peace to Northern Ireland have failed. What problems need to ...

    The 'Good Friday agreement' was also the most widely accepted peace agreement of the time. During the May 1998 referendum, 71% of those living in Northern Ireland were in favour of the 'Good Friday Agreement'. The Northern Ireland Assembly has lasted until this day, showing just how much good-will was felt towards it.

  2. the Irish question

    for support. War soon broke out. A year later in 1689 James's army laid siege to the city of Londonderry, in Ulster, and trapped over 35,000 protestants. The commander of the English garrison, Robert Lundy, wanted to surrender but was stopped by the cities Protestant workers.

  1. Ireland - Modern World Study

    * It had to decommission it's weaponry at the beginning at the talks as an obvious gesture of good faith. The third point became known as 'Washington Three' and could not be met by the IRA. Nevertheless, the peace process moved on smoothly in November 1995, President Bill Clinton visited Northern Ireland.

  2. How Effectively did Irish Catholic and Nationalist Leaders advance their Cause in the years ...

    The Home-rule party didn't have much effect because it lacked unity in terms of ideas. Only 1/3 were home-rulers, the rest were either Fenians or Liberals. Also, Butt was a poor leader as he lacked inspiration, and, one of the most important political requirements, charisma.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work