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The Irish Question

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Introduction

The Irish Question Q1. What are the main differences between the beliefs of republicans/ nationalists and loyalist/ unionists? Nationalists in Northern Ireland are generally Catholic, they see themselves as being Irish rather than British, they also see the island of Ireland as one place, and generally want it united as one state. In their quest to get a united Ireland with rule from Dublin, Nationalists have many different ways in how they intend to do this: there are Moderate Nationalists and the Republicans. The Moderate Nationalists have one main political party, this is the SDLP (Social Democratic Labour Party), the SDLP's current leader is a man named Mark Durkin even though the man best known in the SDLP is called John Hume, who was the driving force of the SDLP before he retired, another party leader whose name is Martin Morgan who recently was up for election to be an MEP and voice Northern Irelands views in Europe (the manifesto is enclosed). Moderate Nationalists aims, these include an all Ireland Nation (32 county State) with rule from Dublin. They want rule from Dublin because they would probably feel more at home and they also feel that they have a loyalty to Dublin and therefore it would only be right to have rule from there. Moderate Nationalists in Northern Ireland would like to be part of a majority in a 32 county state rather than a minority, in Northern Ireland. ...read more.

Middle

people who have died at the hands of the British, people such as Wolfe Tone who led the United Irish Men into rebellion in 1798, the 1916 Easter Rising when 15 leaders were executed by the British Army, and the Hunger strikers such as Bobby Sands, these events and people all used violent methods and this is why the Republicans see them as their heroes. The manifesto enclosed shows the aims of what Sinn Fein plans to achieve in Europe. The colour scheme of it is green, white and gold reflecting the Irish flag, the aims are firstly written in English and then translated into Gaelic showing that they are loyal to the Republic of Ireland. Overall within Nationalism there are two different types, there are the moderate Nationalists (SDLP), who use peaceful methods and the Republicans (Sinn Fein, IRA) who are prepared to use violence to get what they want. Unionists in Northern Ireland are generally Protestant, Unionists want to keep the union between Northern Ireland and Great Britain, they want this for many reasons such as they want to keep their identity as British citizens, they want to keep their religion alive and also for economic prosperity as they feel that Britain gave them this prosperity and therefore they should be loyal to it. Within Unionism there are several different types, the two largest are the Anglicans and the Presbyterians but there are some others as well such as Methodists, Free Presbyterians, Elim Pentecostal, and Brethren. ...read more.

Conclusion

Most of the loyalists tend to be working class the organisations tend to dominate working class areas through intimidation, bribery and drug dealing but they share the same British lifestyle as the Moderate Unionists. Overall Loyalists are predominantly Protestant and the main party is the PUP although there are other shadowy Paramilitaries who some of which have called a ceasefire. Recent developments are that now we live under direct rule, Stormount has shut down i.e. local government has ceased to exist. Sinn Fein hate this, SDLP hate this because it is a foreign government who are ruling. The DUP and UUP like this, but would prefer to have local powers with local people. It seems to be forcing the groups together and they want to bring back Stormount because if they did they would have more local power, on i.e. education, and they also think that Great Britain will give them money to do this. Soon Sinn Fein and the Dup are going to get together. This happened recently in Leeds Castle on the 17th of September 2004 and they were going to come to a solution but it did not work, but it seems to have started something and things are looking more optimistic than they have ever been. Even more recently, due to their supposed involvement with the Northern bank robbery, which happened on the 19th December 2005, Sinn Fein have become the targets of a backlash within the Northern Irish community. Their association with the murder of Robert McCartney along with the robbery has made Sinn Fein's struggle increasingly difficult. GCSE History Coursework Judith Lindsay ...read more.

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