• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Ku Klux Klan, also known as the 'KKK' was formed as a social club by a group of army veterans in Tennessee in 1865.

Extracts from this document...


BACKROUND The Ku Klux Klan, also known as the 'KKK' was formed as a social club by a group of army veterans in Tennessee in 1865. A confederate general, Nathan Bedford Forest was the Klan's first leader and was titled the 'Grand Wizard'. The group adopted the name from the Greek word 'kuklos' meaning circle and the English word 'clan'. REVIVIAL OF KKK IN THE 1920'S During the civil war, the Klan detested the idea of blacks gaining any rights, therefore terrorized blacks by beating them to prevent them from voting in elections or practicing any other right. The Ku Klux Klan became known as the 'Invisible Empire' because it grew and spread its influences rapidly. ...read more.


In 1920, Simmons met Edward Young Clarke and Elizabeth Tyler who were publicists that had formed a business in Atlanta. Tyler and Clarke introduced the Klan as being 'pro America' and with the added weight of the economic depression, membership of the Ku Klux Klan flourished in the mid 1920's to 2-5 million members. Members consisted of skilled workmen, laborers, workers, housewives, farmers and a large number of scattered professionals and merchants. The 1920's is the only period which the KKK was a mass movement. During the summer of 1921 Klan leaders in Atlanta abused their power. While Klan officials talked of fraternal ideals in Atlanta, members across the nation began to take serious action. ...read more.


His nickname was 'Imperial Wizard'. During this time violence was obviously shown. Under Evans was an era of suppression which was expressed by hanging, shooting and whipping. The victims were usually blacks, Jews, Catholics and even Mexicans. Many communities were under the Klan's terror. Klansmen even attacked white protestant females if they were considered to be "immoral" or "traitors" to the white race. For example, a divorcee with two children in Alabama was whipped for remarrying, and in Georgia a woman was given 60 lashes for "immorality and failure to go to church". Ironically in both cases the leaders of the Klansmen responsible turned out to be ministers. Even today the Ku Klux Klan, but rather uses the title "Knights of the Ku Klux Klan", still remain active and violent, planning terrorist bombings and burning Black churches. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1941-80 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1941-80 essays

  1. History Coursework - Intolerance kkk

    The daring clothes that the Flappers wore were more revealing than previous generations. For example, they wore short skirts that were just below the knee, and silk stockings rolled just above the knee. People felt strongly about women and their behaviour.

  2. The Ku Klux Klan

    If they did not accept the terms the Ku Klux Klan would be able to take almost any action that they wanted to. Often times these actions included arson, tar-and-feathering, rape, whipping, lynching, and murder (Ku- U.S...). Arson was used when the Ku Klux Klan wanted someone to move and

  1. The Ku Klux Klan

    They also helped to elect many congressmen. During this time the Klan was going through internal power struggle for the position of Imperial Wizard which at this time was a position worth millions for who ever was in charge because of the dews which each member paid.

  2. Equality in America has changed a great deal from 1865 to 1945.

    In 1897 the American Negro Academy was established to encourage African-American participation in art, literature and philosophy. In 1898 sixteen regiments of black volunteers were recruited for the Spanish-American war; four saw combat. Five African-Americans won congressional Medals or Honor.

  1. Use your own Knowledge to explain the role (part) and importance(high position) of the ...

    announcing the arrest of four Klansmen in connection with the slaying of a female civil-rights worker. Although the organization continued some of its surreptitious activities into the late 20th century, cases of Klan violence became more isolated, and its membership had declined to just a few thousand.

  2. The original Klan - Six college students founded the Ku Klux Klan between December ...

    of the film's release -- even as he validated its message -- when he famously declared that the movie was "like writing history with lightning."). Dissatisfied with the many fraternal organizations of which he was a member (or by his lack of control over those groups), Simmons sought to establish his own organization dedicated to "comprehensive Americanism."

  1. The Ku Klux Klan.

    * Every American has the right to practice their faith, including prayer in schools. * The family is the strength of our nation. * Abortion should be outlawed, except in the very rare case in which the life of the mother is endangered.

  2. Who were the KKK and what did they do?

    Nathan Bedford Forrest was the first leader of the Klan. The group kept building and regenerating until about 1915 when the new generation of the Klan formed.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work