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The Ku Klux Klan, also known as the 'KKK' was formed as a social club by a group of army veterans in Tennessee in 1865.

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BACKROUND The Ku Klux Klan, also known as the 'KKK' was formed as a social club by a group of army veterans in Tennessee in 1865. A confederate general, Nathan Bedford Forest was the Klan's first leader and was titled the 'Grand Wizard'. The group adopted the name from the Greek word 'kuklos' meaning circle and the English word 'clan'. REVIVIAL OF KKK IN THE 1920'S During the civil war, the Klan detested the idea of blacks gaining any rights, therefore terrorized blacks by beating them to prevent them from voting in elections or practicing any other right. The Ku Klux Klan became known as the 'Invisible Empire' because it grew and spread its influences rapidly. ...read more.


In 1920, Simmons met Edward Young Clarke and Elizabeth Tyler who were publicists that had formed a business in Atlanta. Tyler and Clarke introduced the Klan as being 'pro America' and with the added weight of the economic depression, membership of the Ku Klux Klan flourished in the mid 1920's to 2-5 million members. Members consisted of skilled workmen, laborers, workers, housewives, farmers and a large number of scattered professionals and merchants. The 1920's is the only period which the KKK was a mass movement. During the summer of 1921 Klan leaders in Atlanta abused their power. While Klan officials talked of fraternal ideals in Atlanta, members across the nation began to take serious action. ...read more.


His nickname was 'Imperial Wizard'. During this time violence was obviously shown. Under Evans was an era of suppression which was expressed by hanging, shooting and whipping. The victims were usually blacks, Jews, Catholics and even Mexicans. Many communities were under the Klan's terror. Klansmen even attacked white protestant females if they were considered to be "immoral" or "traitors" to the white race. For example, a divorcee with two children in Alabama was whipped for remarrying, and in Georgia a woman was given 60 lashes for "immorality and failure to go to church". Ironically in both cases the leaders of the Klansmen responsible turned out to be ministers. Even today the Ku Klux Klan, but rather uses the title "Knights of the Ku Klux Klan", still remain active and violent, planning terrorist bombings and burning Black churches. ...read more.

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