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The league has been described as "a fragile raft floating on the stormy seas of the 1930s" explain what this means and what caused the "raft" to sink

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Introduction

The league has been described as "a fragile raft floating on the stormy seas of the 1930s" explain what this means and what caused the "raft" to sink. The League of Nations being likened to a raft on stormy seas is a good, fitting and accurate way of depicting the state of affairs in those times. What is meant by this is that the volatile politics of the 1930s meant that it was very hard for a Peacekeeping organisation to stay "afloat." The boat sunk for a myriad of different reasons, some being smaller, or seeming more insignificant than another but the all, nevertheless caused the League of Nations to end, and with it bring the beginning of the Second World War. The first of these causes was the afore-mentioned turbulent 1930s. They were an extremely difficult time to police (which effectively was what the league was trying to do). ...read more.

Middle

China asked for the Leagues help. The League ordered the troops to withdraw. Japan agreed to order the withdrawal of the troops, but the Japanese government did not have control over their troops. The Japanese army continued to advance into Manchuria. By the end of 1931 the Japanese troops had control of the entire province of Manchuria which they renamed Manchukuo. The League of Nations was meant to keep the peace through 'collective security'. If persuasion did not work, the League could use economic sanctions (a ban on trade with the attacker) or military sanctions (a League army) against the attacker. Although these were options, none of the members of the League of Nations wanted to use sanctions against Japan. First, because the Depression had damaged the world's economy no nation wanted to worsen the damage. Second, the powerful members of the League, Britain and France, did not think that they could enforce the sanctions. ...read more.

Conclusion

The League condemned Italy and introduced economic sanctions which however did not include a ban on exports of coal, oil and steel to Italy. (These are vital to modern warfare.) So half-hearted were the sanctions that Italy was able to complete the conquest of Abyssinia by May 1936. A few weeks later sanctions were abandoned and Mussolini had flouted the League. Britain and France had not wanted to antagonise Mussolini and had even tried to form a secret deal with him during the invasion to give him two thirds of Abyssinia. They did not want to push him into an alliance with Hitler. Mussolini was annoyed by the sanctions anyway and began to draw closer to Hitler; small states lost faith in the League; and Hitler himself was encouraged to break the Versailles Treaty. After 1935, the League was not taken seriously again. The League was only as strong as the determination of its leading members to stand up against aggression; unfortunately determination of that sort was sadly lacking during the 1930's ...read more.

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