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The League of Nations in the 1920's - Success or Failure?

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Introduction

The League of Nations in the 1920's Success or Failure? The League of Nations was formed for one main reason: to ensure that a war like world war one NEVER broke out again. It wanted to promote international co-operation and to achieve international peace and security, as well as raise living conditions of men and women worldwide. It planned to do this by having a Covenant that all nations should follow, whether or not they were in the League. The Covenant was: To promote international co-operation and to achieve international peace and security: 1. By the acceptance of obligations not to resort to war. 2. By the prescription of open just and honourable relations between nations. 3. By the firm establishment of international law as the rule of conduct between governments. 4. By the maintenance of justice and a scrupulous respect for all treaty obligations in the dealings of organized peoples with one another. The nations that were in the League were most of the world, with the exception of the defeated nations of World War One (Germany, Austria, Hungary) ...read more.

Middle

This was a peaceful solution and the problem was resolved. Upper Silesia's situation was a success. It was a success because it was within the League's power to stop the possible conflict. The country's involved were not major parts, and Upper Silesia was a small country not capable of a major fight, but yet, it could still stir trouble. But the League was able to manipulate Upper Silesia and divide it without a problem, because there was no major force preventing them from doing it. Other successes of the League of the same fashion were the Aaland Islands of 1921 in which Finland and Sweden disputed over a small set of islands and the Greco/ Bulgarian Border Patrol incident. These were both resolved peacefully due to the involved nation's lack of power. The failures of the League however where on a much higher note. An example of this was the Division of the Ruhr in 1923, where Germany had gotten behind in it's war reparation's, and France and Belgium invaded the Ruhr to seize coal mines and get money from them which was not paid in the reparations. ...read more.

Conclusion

It appeared that the League could not deal with determined aggressors, which was later shown in Japanese and Italian aggressions, which could not be stopped by the League's actions. Not only that, there were some situations that did not defy the League's covenant yet still counted towards the failure of the League. They could NOT achieve disarmaments. Like the Washington Naval Agreement of 1922 in which the USA, Britain, France and Japan agreed to reduce their fleets, but the League played no part in. Another is that the League was not invited to talks between the great powers and Germany relating to the future of the Treaty of Versailles agreement. Another mistake of the League was to refuse the defeated nation's entry to the League at first. Maybe if this happened, it could have stopped German anger at the Treaty of Versailles and possibly stopped World War 2. And, last but not least, the League was effectively disbanded upon the breakout of World War Two. If it was successful, a war would not have broken out and it would never have disbanded. How can something with so many failures be successful? Well, it can't. And that is my view upon it. ...read more.

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