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The Life and Work of Martin Luther King

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Introduction

The Life and Work of Martin Luther King DOB: January 15 1929 at noon. Parents: The Reverend and Mrs. Martin Luther King, Sr. Home: 501 Auburn Avenue, N.E., Atlanta, Georgia. In 1944 he graduated from Booker T. Washington High School and was admitted to Morehouse College at the age of 15. Then in 1948 he graduates from Morehouse College and enters Crozer Theological Seminary. He then ordained to the Baptist ministry, February 25, 1948, at the age 19 and 1951 he entered Boston University for graduate studies. In 1953 he Married Coretta Scott and settles in Montgomery, Alabama. In 1955 he received Doctorate of Philosophy in Systematic Theology from Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts on June 5. He joined the bus boycott after Rosa Parks was arrested on December 1 and on December 5; he was elected president of the Montgomery Improvement Association, making him the official spokesman for the boycott. On November 13, the Supreme Court ruled that bus segregation was illegal; ensuring victory for the boycott so in 1957 King formed the Southern Christian Leadership Conference to fight segregation and achieve civil rights. ...read more.

Middle

In November 1961, the Interstate Commerce Commission banned segregation in interstate travel due to work of Martin Luther King, Jr. and the Freedom Riders and Congress on Racial Equality (CORE) began first Freedom Ride through the South, in a Greyhound bus, after the U.S. Supreme Court outlawed segregation in interstate transportation. During the unsuccessful Albany, Georgia movement, King is arrested on July 27 1962 and jailed. On Good Friday, April 12 1963, King is arrested with Ralph Abernathy by Police Commissioner Eugene "Bull" Connor for demonstrating without a permit and on April 13, the Birmingham campaign is launched. This would prove to be the turning point in the war to end desegregation in the South. During the eleven days he spent in jail, MLK writes his famous Letter from Birmingham Jail.On May 10 1963, the Birmingham agreement is announced. The stores, restaurants, and schools will be desegregated, hiring of blacks implemented, and charges dropped and on June 23, MLK leads 125,000 people on a Freedom Walk in Detroit. The March on Washington held August 28 1963 is the largest civil rights demonstration in history with nearly 250,000 people in attendance. ...read more.

Conclusion

The Supreme Court upholds a conviction of MLK by a Birmingham court for demonstrating without a permit. King spends four days in Birmingham jail and on November 27 1967, King announces the inception of the Poor People's Campaign focusing on jobs and freedom for the poor of all races. In 1968 King announces that the Poor People's Campaign will culminate in a March on Washington demanding a $12 billion Economic Bill of Rights guaranteeing employment to the able-bodied, incomes to those unable to work, and an end to housing discrimination. Dr. King marches in support of sanitation workers on strike in Memphis, Tennessee. On March 28, King lead a march that turns violent. This was the first time one of his events had turned violent. At sunset on April 4 1968, Martin Luther King, Jr. is fatally shot while standing on the balcony of the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, Tennessee. There are riots and disturbances in 130 American cities. There were twenty thousand arrests. King's funeral was then on April 19 is an international event. Within a week of the assassination, the Open Housing Act is passed by Congress. On November 2 1986, a national holiday is proclaimed in King's honor. ...read more.

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