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The Lives of Many Americans Improved During the 1930’s - Was It Due To the New Deal or To Other Factors?

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Introduction

THE LIVES OF MANY AMERICANS IMPROVED DURING THE 1930'S WAS IT DUE TO THE NEW DEAL OR TO OTHER FACTORS? The New Deal's aim was to reduce unemployment and kick start the virtuous circle or in other words get back to the levels of unemployment in the time of the boom. It is hard to specify if the New Deal was a success or a failure. The New Deal worked for some and be a misery for others so one cannot say categorically that the New Deal worked or did not work. The New Deal did improve some Americans lives the 1930's. Unemployed workers that received jobs from the WPA benefited. The WPA gave jobs such as new roads and airport building. It paid people to write books and this had a knock on effect. As people got money for jobs so this introduced demand for goods which provide new jobs for people selling the goods. The WPA was not the only scheme to provide jobs the CCC also provided jobs to the unmarried men aged 18 and 25 whose parents were out of work. They were given necessities as well as $25 a month and a dollar a day in pocket money. ...read more.

Middle

Businessmen and factory owners were angry because they had to pay a lot of wages further more let the workers be part of a union. They had to pay them a minimum wage. The money was coming from the rich and the did not benefit as they were paying out large amounts of money to Roosevelt in the form of taxes. So this disfavoured him and the New Deal in the eyes of the rich. The factory owners thought the workers were being favoured more than them as they thought that the New Deal was anti business and hated Roosevelt. As became clear from an article in time magazine, April 1936; 'Regardless of party...., with few exceptions, members of the so called upper class frankly hated Franklin Roosevelt'. A little girl said the radio was turned on to announce the president's death. Everyone in the room cheered.' This showed that Roosevelt was beginning to grow unpopular. The New Deal did not give black people jobs but it did give them money and this benefited the blacks. The black people of Chicago believed that Roosevelt and his New Deal were working and to confirm this a magazine poll in 1938 revelled that 84 percent of the black people living in Chicago supported Roosevelt. ...read more.

Conclusion

From 1936 roosevelt had run out of ideas on how to find work for the millions without jobs. It looked another world war to boost government spending to a level that would bring back employment to America. Support for Roosevelt dropped sharply when the us economy slummed into a all new depression. Within a year unemployment had risen by 2.5 million. In 1938 Roosevelt started a new spending programme. But a year later there were still more then 10 million people unemployed. The New Deal reduced unemployment to an extent. From 1933 to 1939 the New Deal helped unemployment by dropping nearly half of it. The fall in unemployment was not continuous it rose a little in 1938. Ironically, it was the war rather than the New Deal which brought prosperity back into America. The little unpopularity went by quickly. To millions of Americans, Roosevelt was the man who had given them jobs and saved their homes and farms. In 1936 they re-elected him by the largest majority of votes in the country's history. World war 2 was the reason why unemployment plummeted and also why the lives of millions of Americans improved. The war helped of course because of rearmament. Millions were employed in the army and also they were employed building more battle ships and air craft. ...read more.

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