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The long term causes of Bloody Sunday

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Introduction

The creation of Northern Ireland dates from 1921 when the Irish Free State (the Republic of Ireland) was established separately from the mainly Protestant counties of Ulster (6/9) which were given limited self government but continued to send members to the House of Commons. Outbreaks of violence by the Irish Republican Army (IRA) occurred but only in 1968-1969 there were serious disturbances arising from Protestant political dominance and discrimination against the Roman Catholic minority. All of this led to some dramatic events such as the Battle of Boyne 1916, Easter Rising and Partition in 1920 and in 1972 there was Bloody Sunday. The long term causes of Bloody Sunday are that there was and still are partition and conflict with Ireland, the medium term causes are the Stormont Parliaments discrimination against Catholics. They discriminated against them by the police because the police would be prejudice against Catholics. The Catholics were discriminated against jobs for example the protestants would have a wider and first choice at jobs, they were discriminated against housing because unionist councils allocated best housing to Protestants, they were discriminated against voting because votes were only given to householders knowing that ...read more.

Middle

The short-term causes of Bloody Sunday are that there was a protest against internment, which is the detention of suspected criminals without trial. Foreign citizens are often interned during times of war or civil unrest. Internment was introduced for the detention of people suspected of terrorist acts in Northern Ireland by the UK government in 1971. It has now been discontinued. There was a situation in Derry in which the soldiers feel hostile towards nationalists. The events of Bloody Sunday are that the march went ahead after being abandoned. There were large numbers of people all ages. After an attempt to re-route the march one section of it in a small number broke off and turned into a riot. Army moved in to make arrests. Shooting broke out with rubber bullets and 13 died and many injured but survived and there was one which died later from severe injuries. The consequences are that there was direct rule. The prime minister closed Stormont parliament. After Stormont parliament was closed down then Northern Ireland was ruled from London. ...read more.

Conclusion

Roger Casement of the IRB, acting as a link with Germany, was arrested soon after landing from a German U-boat. The military leaders, Padraic Pearse and James Connolly, decided nevertheless to continue with the rebellion. The General Post Office in Dublin was seized along with other strategic buildings in the city. The Irish Republic was proclaimed on 24 April, Easter Monday, and a provisional government set up with Pearse as president. British forces forced their opponents to surrender by 29 April. The rising had little public support at first. Many Irishmen were serving in British forces during World War I. Sixteen leaders of the rebellion were executed and over 2,000 men and women imprisoned. The executions led to a change of feeling in Ireland and in the 1918 general election the Sinn Fein (Republican) Party won the majority vote. I think that this was a turning point in Irish history because for the first time, Irish people switched support from the parliamentary to the revolutionary approach, as there was support from Sinn Fein for winning the 1918 election. The revolutionaries setup their own parliament in Dublin and since then there has been a war between Britain and Ireland that resulted in partition that is still here today. ...read more.

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