• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The long term causes of Bloody Sunday

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The creation of Northern Ireland dates from 1921 when the Irish Free State (the Republic of Ireland) was established separately from the mainly Protestant counties of Ulster (6/9) which were given limited self government but continued to send members to the House of Commons. Outbreaks of violence by the Irish Republican Army (IRA) occurred but only in 1968-1969 there were serious disturbances arising from Protestant political dominance and discrimination against the Roman Catholic minority. All of this led to some dramatic events such as the Battle of Boyne 1916, Easter Rising and Partition in 1920 and in 1972 there was Bloody Sunday. The long term causes of Bloody Sunday are that there was and still are partition and conflict with Ireland, the medium term causes are the Stormont Parliaments discrimination against Catholics. They discriminated against them by the police because the police would be prejudice against Catholics. The Catholics were discriminated against jobs for example the protestants would have a wider and first choice at jobs, they were discriminated against housing because unionist councils allocated best housing to Protestants, they were discriminated against voting because votes were only given to householders knowing that ...read more.

Middle

The short-term causes of Bloody Sunday are that there was a protest against internment, which is the detention of suspected criminals without trial. Foreign citizens are often interned during times of war or civil unrest. Internment was introduced for the detention of people suspected of terrorist acts in Northern Ireland by the UK government in 1971. It has now been discontinued. There was a situation in Derry in which the soldiers feel hostile towards nationalists. The events of Bloody Sunday are that the march went ahead after being abandoned. There were large numbers of people all ages. After an attempt to re-route the march one section of it in a small number broke off and turned into a riot. Army moved in to make arrests. Shooting broke out with rubber bullets and 13 died and many injured but survived and there was one which died later from severe injuries. The consequences are that there was direct rule. The prime minister closed Stormont parliament. After Stormont parliament was closed down then Northern Ireland was ruled from London. ...read more.

Conclusion

Roger Casement of the IRB, acting as a link with Germany, was arrested soon after landing from a German U-boat. The military leaders, Padraic Pearse and James Connolly, decided nevertheless to continue with the rebellion. The General Post Office in Dublin was seized along with other strategic buildings in the city. The Irish Republic was proclaimed on 24 April, Easter Monday, and a provisional government set up with Pearse as president. British forces forced their opponents to surrender by 29 April. The rising had little public support at first. Many Irishmen were serving in British forces during World War I. Sixteen leaders of the rebellion were executed and over 2,000 men and women imprisoned. The executions led to a change of feeling in Ireland and in the 1918 general election the Sinn Fein (Republican) Party won the majority vote. I think that this was a turning point in Irish history because for the first time, Irish people switched support from the parliamentary to the revolutionary approach, as there was support from Sinn Fein for winning the 1918 election. The revolutionaries setup their own parliament in Dublin and since then there has been a war between Britain and Ireland that resulted in partition that is still here today. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 essays

  1. What were the short and long term effects of the hunger-strikes in Northern Ireland?

    Despite their failure to achieve 'special category status' they had won political status in the eyes of the world. Thatcher's hard line in dealing with the issue brought international criticism "from both Europe and North America"34. This international attention increased political pressure for changes in Northern Ireland.

  2. Northern Ireland - Bloody Sunday.

    He was shot in the head. This is a very suspicious death because he was waving a symbol that represents surrender, and he was making no attempt to cause anyone harm. How did the Paras manage to come to the conclusion that McGuigan was a danger to them and was trying to attack them?

  1. What were the causes of the Easter Rising?

    reliable source as " Twas on a Good Friday Morning all in the good month of May". 2B Sir Roger David Casement was born in 1864 in Sandycove, near Dublin. He was a dedicated Irish nationalist and he took an active part in the movement of Irish independence.

  2. Free essay

    Which Of The Following Events Has Had The Biggest Impact On The History Of ...

    So, marching against internment was not only going to protect people from being arrested but stop the violence and even the IRA's attacks on England. It all began with a peaceful march against internment that started in Londonderry it had at least 15,000 people all ignoring the ban the troops had put on marching.

  1. Which of these two sources would a historian studying 'Bloody Sunday' find the more ...

    Source H shows the workers being overworked and treated badly. It also shows some of the workers becoming angry with those on the higher 'levels'; they look like they are protesting with large banners. This shows that the source supports the view that 'Bloody Sunday' - a real protest -

  2. What happened on Bloody Sunday?

    Once they invented these allegations it would be hard to admit to the truth as they knew nationalists and the Irish Government could use this as a political stick to beat them with. Also the British consider their judicial system to be unquestionable, and admitting to such an allegation would make a mockery of this very system of British justice.

  1. The Easter Rising.

    After the treaty of 1921, the Protestant Unionists wanted to keep Northern Ireland linked to Britain. They always made sure they kept economic and political power in Northern Ireland.

  2. bloody sunday assignment 1

    They were committed to achieving an Irish Republic and did not co-operate with the British administration of Ireland. In 1919 Lloyd George suggested two parliaments for Ireland, with the provision they could be later merged. This gave the Dublin parliament less power than the Home Rule Bill of 1914 so it was of little interest to Sinn Fein.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work