• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The long term causes of Bloody Sunday

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The creation of Northern Ireland dates from 1921 when the Irish Free State (the Republic of Ireland) was established separately from the mainly Protestant counties of Ulster (6/9) which were given limited self government but continued to send members to the House of Commons. Outbreaks of violence by the Irish Republican Army (IRA) occurred but only in 1968-1969 there were serious disturbances arising from Protestant political dominance and discrimination against the Roman Catholic minority. All of this led to some dramatic events such as the Battle of Boyne 1916, Easter Rising and Partition in 1920 and in 1972 there was Bloody Sunday. The long term causes of Bloody Sunday are that there was and still are partition and conflict with Ireland, the medium term causes are the Stormont Parliaments discrimination against Catholics. They discriminated against them by the police because the police would be prejudice against Catholics. The Catholics were discriminated against jobs for example the protestants would have a wider and first choice at jobs, they were discriminated against housing because unionist councils allocated best housing to Protestants, they were discriminated against voting because votes were only given to householders knowing that ...read more.

Middle

The short-term causes of Bloody Sunday are that there was a protest against internment, which is the detention of suspected criminals without trial. Foreign citizens are often interned during times of war or civil unrest. Internment was introduced for the detention of people suspected of terrorist acts in Northern Ireland by the UK government in 1971. It has now been discontinued. There was a situation in Derry in which the soldiers feel hostile towards nationalists. The events of Bloody Sunday are that the march went ahead after being abandoned. There were large numbers of people all ages. After an attempt to re-route the march one section of it in a small number broke off and turned into a riot. Army moved in to make arrests. Shooting broke out with rubber bullets and 13 died and many injured but survived and there was one which died later from severe injuries. The consequences are that there was direct rule. The prime minister closed Stormont parliament. After Stormont parliament was closed down then Northern Ireland was ruled from London. ...read more.

Conclusion

Roger Casement of the IRB, acting as a link with Germany, was arrested soon after landing from a German U-boat. The military leaders, Padraic Pearse and James Connolly, decided nevertheless to continue with the rebellion. The General Post Office in Dublin was seized along with other strategic buildings in the city. The Irish Republic was proclaimed on 24 April, Easter Monday, and a provisional government set up with Pearse as president. British forces forced their opponents to surrender by 29 April. The rising had little public support at first. Many Irishmen were serving in British forces during World War I. Sixteen leaders of the rebellion were executed and over 2,000 men and women imprisoned. The executions led to a change of feeling in Ireland and in the 1918 general election the Sinn Fein (Republican) Party won the majority vote. I think that this was a turning point in Irish history because for the first time, Irish people switched support from the parliamentary to the revolutionary approach, as there was support from Sinn Fein for winning the 1918 election. The revolutionaries setup their own parliament in Dublin and since then there has been a war between Britain and Ireland that resulted in partition that is still here today. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 essays

  1. What were the short and long term effects of the hunger-strikes in Northern Ireland?

    Adams told prisoners: 'We are tactically, strategically, physically and morally opposed to a hunger-strike'30. Despite the recommendations of the outside IRA leadership the hunger-strikers continued in their protest. The Dublin Government "practically begged"31 the Thatcher administration for concessions for the hunger-strikers.

  2. What were the causes of the Easter Rising?

    In source d the newspaper-cutting casement is sent to be a "Notorious Traitor" This is biased as it is a British paper but in reality this seems true. In source e they use a song poem to portray casement. They portray him to look good but it is not a

  1. Northern Ireland - Bloody Sunday.

    They were not told about the IRA's "no shooting" promise. At 3.55pm one high-velocity shot rang out. The person that fired the shot is not known. No one was hit but it had a big effect on the Paras. Moments later General Robert Ford urged his forces into action saying: "Go on, No.

  2. Free essay

    Which Of The Following Events Has Had The Biggest Impact On The History Of ...

    There are many reasons why bloody Sunday came about but some of the most important are the violence that occurred because of internment. Internment its self boosted support for the IRA because they tried to do everything in their power to stop it; they even helped residents make barricades to keep the troops out.

  1. Which of these two sources would a historian studying 'Bloody Sunday' find the more ...

    poor living and working conditions in St Petersburg were at least a factor, if not the only reason, for the events of 'Bloody Sunday'. We are told that he was in the crowd and also that he worked as, among other things, a gardener and a tramp.

  2. The History of Conflict in Ireland.

    the thinking, who were the strategists, who were the politicals as opposed to the revolutionaries. Adams had around him a team of people of around the same time ago, had gone through the same struggle--people like Tom Hartley, Jim Gibney, Martin McGuinness, McLoughlin--a whole series of them, Richard McCauley.

  1. The Easter Rising.

    which killed them. The British arrested Republican leaders and banned all talk of independence. However Collins escaped from prison and began a guerrilla war against the British-'War of Independence' and he organised murder squads, bombings and spying, this continued throughout 1919. In September 1919, the British Government banned the Dail and Sinn Fein but the IRA continued its attacks on the RIC.

  2. bloody sunday assignment 1

    They were soon called the National Volunteers. Many Irish Volunteers refused to fight with Britain in the first year, as they believed the reason that the British went to war was completely unrelated to them- the enormous number of casualties convinced more people that the Irish Volunteers were right as well as the threat of conscription.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work