• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Long Term Causes of WW2 World War Two was not caused solely by short term events in the 1930's such as Austria and

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The Long Term Causes of WW2 World War Two was not caused solely by short term events in the 1930's such as Austria and Czechoslovakia. The anger and resentment that built up in Nazi Germany - and which was played on by Hitler during his rise to power and when he became Chancellor in January 1933 - also had long term causes that went back to the 1919 Treaty of Versailles. Patriotic Germans had never forgotten their nation's treatment in Paris in that year. The League had some successes in this decade (the Aaland Islands, as an example) but the weaknesses of the League had also been cruelly exposed on a number of occasions when an aggressor nation successfully used force to get what it wanted and the League could do nothing. ...read more.

Middle

In fact, Europe could have been confident in assuming peace would last as two treaties were signed that seemed to indicate that a new era of peace and toleration had been ushered in. The Locarno Treaties were signed in December 1925. The major politicians of Europe met in neutral Switzerland. The following was agreed to : * France, Germany and Belgium agreed to accept their borders as were stated in the Treaty of Versailles. France and Belgium would never repeat an invasion of the Ruhr and Germany would never attack Belgium or France again. Britain and Italy agreed to police this part of the treaties. Germany also accepted that the Rhineland must remain demilitarised. * In other treaties, France promised to protect Belgium, Poland and Czechoslovakia if Germany attacked any one of them. ...read more.

Conclusion

This pact was signed by 65 countries. All 65 nations agreed never to use war again as a way of solving disputes. Therefore, Europe was effectively lulled into a false sense of security by 1929 as the politicians of Europe had made it plain that war was no longer an option in solving disputes and that previous enemies were now friends. This new Europe relied on nations being at peace and harmony with one another. The stability of Germany was shattered by the Wall Street Crash of October 1929 and the nationalists who had spent 1925 to 1929 in relative obscurity, rose to the political surface once again. They had no intention of accepting either Versailles or the Locarno treaties and the League's weaknesses in this decade had also become apparent. The League could only function successfully, if the politicians of Europe allowed it to do so. Hitler and the Nazis were never going to give the League a chance once they had gained power. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1900-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1900-1939 essays

  1. "Was the treaty of Versailles fair?"

    He did not want to punish Germany as only 116,000 American soldiers died. This is as they only entered the war in the last year. Also their land was not damaged as battles were fought in Europe. The war effort also did not cost them much financially.

  2. Long term Causes of World War 1

    If the population did not support this war, the government might not have started this war! Actually, WWI was the result of a long string events dating back to the 1890s. In short, lots of conflicts in the Balkans and the European superpowers making alliances with each other were the main causes.

  1. To what extent was Hitler to blame for WW2?

    This meant that they could not afford to harm their relationship with Italy, so they could not condemn Italy for creating an empire as it would be seen as hypocritical because they had their own empires. Hitler watched these developments around the world and was encouraged by the lack of

  2. World War 1 - long and short term causes of the war.

    The list includes: > Nationalism > Germany > The New Kaiser > The Arms Race > The Two Alliances The reasons for them being linked will now be explained. The reasons aren't obvious and therefore have been pointed out: > Germany & The New Kaiser- After Wilhelm II gained the throne, Germany revolutionised.

  1. Was Hitler the cause of WW2? A.J.P Taylor wrote the controversial The origins ...

    However, other historians argue the policy of appeasement was a major cause of war and think that it was a deliberate surrender to Hitler. For example, A.J.T. Taylor expressed in his "The Origins of Second World War" (1961) that the war broke out not because of Hitler's plan, but because of Chamberlain's blunders*.

  2. Causes of World War 2

    when Adolf Hitler came into power while Russia became an extreme communist country when Robert Stalin came to power. Adolf Hitler greatly disliked communism meaning that splits in opinions and policies between different leaders and countries were already re-appearing. If such opposing ideas of policies clashed to such a high

  1. Why did the League of Nations fail to keep peace in the 1930's?

    The German people were aware of the Nazis plans but they were prepared to do anything if it meant it would get them out of depression and poverty. The same situation was mirrored in Japan. In Japan the depression threatened a complete collapse of the country's industry.

  2. Why did the League of Nations fail in the 1930's?

    But by then it was too late, by the time it had taken to reach a decision, large parts of Abyssinia had already been taken over by Mussolini. To conclude this essay I think that the weaknesses in the League of Nations that were the most important factors in: The

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work