• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The main cause for WW1 was naval Rivalry. To what extent do you agree with this viewpoint?

Extracts from this document...


The main cause for WW1 was naval Rivalry. To what extent do you agree with this viewpoint? Introduction It has been argued that Naval rivalry was the main cause of World War One, this is because in 1898 Kaiser Wilhelm II wanted to have the most powerful and strongest navy in the world as he was extremely militaristic which worried Britain and consequently caused tension between the two countries. I believe that to a certain extent that Naval Rivalry did contribute to the war but in my opinion there were other factors that triggered off the war. My essay will include all of these different factors, which are: The Moroccan Crisis', the Balkans crisis, The Alliance Systems and the Assassination of Franz Ferdinand. I will also conclude which I feel is the most important and why. One of the most significant causes of tension in Europe was the naval rivalry witch developed after 1990. Britain had the most powerful navy in the world, this situation began to change when in 1898, and Kaiser Wilhelm II announced his intention to build a strong and powerful navy. Kaiser Wilhelm had British blood running in him, as his grandmother was Queen Victoria who wanted to build a fleet to commensurate with Germany's status so Wilhelm felt that he needed to prove himself to his family and also have a strong navy. ...read more.


It is though that this made Austria too confident. And encouraged it to make trouble with Serbia AND Russia. Russia resented being faced down in 1909. It quickened its arms build up. It was determined not to back down again. From 1912 to 1915 there was a series of local wars. Serbia emerged from these as the most powerful country ion the Balkans. This was a serious issue for Austria. Serbia had a strong army and it was a close ally of Russia. Austria decided that Serbia would have to be dealt with. By 1914 Austria was looking for a good excuse to declare war on Serbia. Austria opportunity came with the murder of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie. Although there was no hard evidence the Princip was acting under orders from the Serbian government, Austria blamed Serbia. It gave Serbia a ten point ultimatum that would effectively have made Serbia part of the Austrian empire. The Serbs could not possibly accept it. When the Serbs asked for time to consider, Austria refused and declared war on 28 July 1914. The Serbs were then angry at Austria for not giving them time to consider so this definitely causes tension between the countries. ...read more.


France had been defeated by Germany in a short war in 1870. Since then Germany had built up a powerful army and strong industries. France was worried about the growing power of Germany France had also developed a strong and close friendship with Russia. Its main concerns were to protect itself against attack by Germany and to get back the rich industrial region of Alsace-Lorraine, which Germany had taken from it in 1870. Russia was by far the largest of all six countries but also the most backward. The country was almost entirely agricultural. Russia shared worries about the growing power of Germany with Britain and also had a long history of rivalry with Austria-Hungary so joined with Britain and France in the Triple entente. Conclusion In conclusion to my essay, it can be seen throughout that Naval rivalry was not the only cause for the war as all the different events created immense tension, which contributed to WW1. In my opinion Naval rivalry was the strongest point that contributed to the war but I feel that the other points were also very strong and caused anxiety between the six powers. As there was so much tension and so many different points, with so much talk of war and plans for war at that time, I feel that war was in fact inevitable. Jessica Graham ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1900-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1900-1939 essays

  1. What where the causes of WW1

    so the treaty of san Stefano caused some tension between the Russia and several of the great powers in Europe. Even though the treaty was revised the congress of Berlin through the Treaty of Berlin there is no doubt that in decreased the trust between the nations of Europe and increased the ever growing instability.

  2. The First World War was a result of Anglo-German rivalry. How true is this ...

    Many of the French resented this, causing friction. In addition to this, Britain and France had nearly gone to war in 1898, therefore politicians were keen to improve relations between the two countries. They therefore signed an entente to settle the disagreements.

  1. Why did the Assassination of Arch Duke Franz Ferdinand Start WW1?

    Like Italy who had also become a united country recently, Germany wanted to have an empire as great as the United Kingdom you could even go as far to say Germany felt jealous of Britain for having such a great and powerful empire.

  2. What Caused WW1

    Developments in other areas of military technology and organisation led to the dominance of general staffs with precisely formulated plans for mobilising their armies and attacking, often in plans that once started could not be rethought. Statesmen everywhere realised that the tremendous and ever-growing expenditures for armament would in time

  1. How far was Germany to blame for causing WW1

    As part of the Congress of Berlin in 1878 Austria was authorized to govern Bosnia on behalf of Turkey. However in 1908 Bosnia was annexed by Austria which in turn annoyed both Turkey and Serbia. Especially Serbia as Bosnia would have enabled Serbia access to the sea.

  2. To what extent can it be said that the WW1 was caused by the ...

    their own policies in accordance with what seemed to be the permanent alignments with which they might be confronted in a war. Thus both political expectations and military plans were conditioned by the existence of the alliance system and strengthened the divisions the alliances themselves tended to produce.

  1. World War 1 - the main cause

    Imperialism is an important factor because countries wanted to have a bigger empire so they needed to colonize and therefore meant more money and power and that caused tension between the countries who wanted to rival that. The evidence was that many European empires were colonizing many parts of Africa.

  2. Describe the Causes of WW1

    Terrorist groups also emerge in the Balkans, such as the Black Hand. The Agadir Crisis in 1911 was where there was a revolution in Morocco and the French sent in an army to put it down, then took over the country.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work