• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The main cause of the defeat of Germany in 1918 was the use of tanks? Do you agree?

Extracts from this document...


Transfer-Encoding: chunked ´╗┐The main cause of the defeat of Germany in 1918 was the use of tanks? Do you Agree? In 1918, Germany was finally defeated and this was caused by a range of factors, certainly the use of tanks were key in doing so. A source states that the ?advance [was] spearheaded by the tanks? which was important in gaining an advantage over the Germans, evidenced by there being over 6 tanks per Battalion of 500 men. This is a huge number when compared to the Germans who only had about 20 tanks in total. The tanks, combined with aircraft and artillery in ?integrated warfare? to overwhelm the Germans who could simply not counter the allied attack. Prior to the use of tanks, the Allies had struggled in gaining territory because German machine-guns had often picked off troops but tanks now offered a solution to this, as they were tasked with dealing with this threat and protecting the infantry. ...read more.


Of more importance was the American entry into war, as a source states ?their armies were being constantly reinforced by the arrival of fresh American soldiers?. The USA was arguably the most powerful country in 1914, and with their entry 1.8 million American troops were in Europe ready to fight the Germans whilst the German armies where tiring, and this had an effect of strengthening the allied attack. Equally, the American entry also of use because the Allies were now producing 11,200 aircraft per month compared to 2,000 for the Germans. Not only were the Germans now outnumbered, but they also possessed less materials and weapons making German victory increasingly unlikely. Source B describes the advance as ?rapid? and this can also be attributed to the Americans, with fresh soldiers, increasing numbers and superior equipment, advances were much easier in the Western Front than they had been a few years before and this was crucial in breaking the stalemate. ...read more.


The other effect of the blockade was that it harmed the German industry, because civilians were no longer working as hard in factories and fewer resources were available. As a result metal production had fallen by 40% since 1914. As a source states that ?only in one or two villages had the enemy shown any strong defence?, this was also because the allied blockade had destroyed moral, and a willingness to fight making an allied advance far easier. In conclusion I think that the blockade was the major cause of the defeat of Germany because it restricted German industry and made civilians and soldiers lose hope as food shortages led people to despair, as source D shows. Whilst tanks and American involvement were significant, I think that the blockade had already rendered Germany close to breaking. American involvement and tanks simply sped up the immanent break through that was made possible because of the blockade. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1900-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1900-1939 essays

  1. Describe the conditions that soldiers experienced on the Western Front in the years 1915-1917.

    After the Germans realised that artillery bombardment would not be used and that the British were coming, they began to take their positions. They waited for the British to come and when they were close enough they began to fire their machine guns.

  2. The airline industry

    Best Alternative Looking at the alternatives and the real happenings so far in the Star Alliance Group, the best alternative would be to increase marketing actions and enforce advertising within the Alliance. The second alternative, implementing an own low-cost carrier is kind of already happening.

  1. In February 1943, the German Army surrendered at Stalingrad, Was Hitlers interference the main ...

    Therefore these factors meant that the arriving army that attacked Stalingrad would be getting there much later than they would want to and also they would not be as strong as they wanted as there resources were limited. The German army prior to the attack on Russia had been on

  2. El Salvador and the involvement of the FMLN Strategies

    Women became part of the FMLN as full time cooks, radio operators and other roles as well. Liberation theology generally understood women as mothers whose suffering should be less, but not as fully active political subjects. Many females suffered the death of their partners during the years of the combat with the FMLN.

  1. The following were equally important reasons why the stalemate on the Western Front were ...

    more sensitive shells which exploded on impact, as opposed to shells which sunk in the mud and only exploded when they were under the ground, which did nothing but further churned up the already muddy battlefield. However, it was not only new technologies that played an important part.

  2. Was Field Marshall Douglas Haig more important that the allied blockade of German naval ...

    front south of Somme, between Curlu and Peronne. To ensure a rapid advance, allied artillery pounded German lines for a week before the attack, firing 1.6 million shells. British commanders, like Field Marshall Haig, were so confident they ordered their troops to walk slowly towards the German lines.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work