• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The main cause of the defeat of Germany in 1918 was the use of tanks? Do you agree?

Extracts from this document...


Transfer-Encoding: chunked ´╗┐The main cause of the defeat of Germany in 1918 was the use of tanks? Do you Agree? In 1918, Germany was finally defeated and this was caused by a range of factors, certainly the use of tanks were key in doing so. A source states that the ?advance [was] spearheaded by the tanks? which was important in gaining an advantage over the Germans, evidenced by there being over 6 tanks per Battalion of 500 men. This is a huge number when compared to the Germans who only had about 20 tanks in total. The tanks, combined with aircraft and artillery in ?integrated warfare? to overwhelm the Germans who could simply not counter the allied attack. Prior to the use of tanks, the Allies had struggled in gaining territory because German machine-guns had often picked off troops but tanks now offered a solution to this, as they were tasked with dealing with this threat and protecting the infantry. ...read more.


Of more importance was the American entry into war, as a source states ?their armies were being constantly reinforced by the arrival of fresh American soldiers?. The USA was arguably the most powerful country in 1914, and with their entry 1.8 million American troops were in Europe ready to fight the Germans whilst the German armies where tiring, and this had an effect of strengthening the allied attack. Equally, the American entry also of use because the Allies were now producing 11,200 aircraft per month compared to 2,000 for the Germans. Not only were the Germans now outnumbered, but they also possessed less materials and weapons making German victory increasingly unlikely. Source B describes the advance as ?rapid? and this can also be attributed to the Americans, with fresh soldiers, increasing numbers and superior equipment, advances were much easier in the Western Front than they had been a few years before and this was crucial in breaking the stalemate. ...read more.


The other effect of the blockade was that it harmed the German industry, because civilians were no longer working as hard in factories and fewer resources were available. As a result metal production had fallen by 40% since 1914. As a source states that ?only in one or two villages had the enemy shown any strong defence?, this was also because the allied blockade had destroyed moral, and a willingness to fight making an allied advance far easier. In conclusion I think that the blockade was the major cause of the defeat of Germany because it restricted German industry and made civilians and soldiers lose hope as food shortages led people to despair, as source D shows. Whilst tanks and American involvement were significant, I think that the blockade had already rendered Germany close to breaking. American involvement and tanks simply sped up the immanent break through that was made possible because of the blockade. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1900-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1900-1939 essays

  1. In February 1943, the German Army surrendered at Stalingrad, Was Hitlers interference the main ...

    not put much effort into or planning into his attacks as he did not think that he would be knocked back, which we know he was at Stalingrad. Therefore when the resilient Russians fought back he and the army was not ready and it shocked them and left them on the back foot.

  2. The following were equally important reasons why the stalemate on the Western Front were ...

    Another key factor to the stalemate breaking was the American Entry into the war. Since the beginning of the war, America had been on the side of the Allies, providing them with vital supplies which could not be accessed due to the war.

  1. El Salvador and the involvement of the FMLN Strategies

    Women became part of the FMLN as full time cooks, radio operators and other roles as well. Liberation theology generally understood women as mothers whose suffering should be less, but not as fully active political subjects. Many females suffered the death of their partners during the years of the combat with the FMLN.

  2. The airline industry

    United will not lose customers by doing that, because on the other hand the other Star Alliance Group members would have United's link on their respective pages. Same with the Frequent Flyer Card, if little logos of other airlines would be put on the front part of the card, that would help the person booking a flight.

  1. Describe the conditions that soldiers experienced on the Western Front in the years 1915-1917.

    First aid was sent down through the communication trenches. Soldiers who were seriously injured were sent to the Casualty Clearing Station. Soldiers were safe there because they were quite far away from the fighting. There were also doctors and nurses there to help them get better. Some soldiers were taken to Base Hospitals by train.

  2. The development and introduction of tanks in World War 1.

    These landships used the revolutionary caterpillar track design to move the chassis of the tank. To keep the design a secret they called it a ?water carrier? to help their troops in Africa with moving water across the dunes?. So the committee would be called the ?wc? committee but the

  1. How Far Did Weapons and Tactics Change Over the Period of 1914 and 1918?

    They were designed to attempt to break the stalemate and move the war underway. This collection of changes were best epitomised in the Battle of Ypres in 1915 and the Battle of the Somme in 1916. The Battle of Ypres in 1915 demonstrated the first use of deadly poisoned gas.

  2. Was Field Marshall Douglas Haig more important that the allied blockade of German naval ...

    front south of Somme, between Curlu and Peronne. To ensure a rapid advance, allied artillery pounded German lines for a week before the attack, firing 1.6 million shells. British commanders, like Field Marshall Haig, were so confident they ordered their troops to walk slowly towards the German lines.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work