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The main cause of World War One was the alliances. How far do the sources support this statement?

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´╗┐The main cause of World War One was the alliances. How far do the sources support this statement? World War one was a war that happened between 1914 and 1918, which involved mainly European, but also many other powerful countries from all over the world. There is much debate over what caused World War One. Sources B and D suggest that World War One was caused totally or at least partially by the formation of alliances, but on the other hand, Source A and C believe that it is due to militarism. Overall, the sources most strongly suggest that World War One was caused by alliances, therefore agreeing with the statements above. Sources B and D portray the view that alliances were the main cause of World War One. This message is more prominent in Source B, which is an American cartoon which shows to the readers of the Brooklyn Edge Newspaper what the formation of alliances could mean for the future of Europe. It depicts a scene where Serbia gets attacked by Austria-Hungary, but due to the formation of the Triple Alliance and the Triple Entente, several unrelated countries could be forced into action, therefore creating a World War. ...read more.


However, it was highly patriotic, which is seen in ?Germany is using the crime of a schoolboy as an excuse.? This does not really matter in this case, as we are interested in Austria and Serbia. This journal was made to inform people of the happenings of the war, so in this way it is reliable. Overall, this source is supporting the statement in the question to a limited extent, as although it shows alliances to be a key reason to why the war happened, it also gives others. Its reliability makes it even more supportive of the question. There are also many other pieces of past information that can be used to show that alliances were an integral cause to why the war happened. One of these pieces of evidence is the fact that the trigger cause was the Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and what started off as a small war between Serbia and Austria-Hungary escalated into a World War solely because of the alliances made leading up to that point, namely the Triple Alliance and the Triple Entente. However, there are also other arguments that can be placed on a higher standing than the alliances created between countries. ...read more.


Overall, Source C gives a strong disagreement with the statement. From other knowledge, it is known that militarism, imperialism and nationalism also played a part in causing the war, not just alliances. Nationalism is when a country thinks it is better than others, and to enforce its authority, a country goes to war. It is also seen when a country in an empire feels nationalistic pride and wants to be independent. This is seen when Serbia and Bosnia showed a strong sense of discontent towards Austria, when they were in their empire. It ended in a Serbian shooting and killing Archduke Franz Ferdinand, which ultimately started the war. Imperialism also built up to create tension, like the Moroccan Crisis, where France tried to conquer Morocco, but the Germans stopped them. This made France and Germany enemies. In this way, it shows that alliances were not always the most important reason for war breaking out. Overall, the weight of the evidence seems to suggest that militarism was the main cause of World War One. Two sources fully support this view and one source partly supports this, but only one source fully supports the view in the question, and one source agrees with this partly. Therefore, the sources agree with the interpretation very weakly. ...read more.

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