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The Main Reason for the Cause of WWI

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Introduction

The Main Reason for the Cause of WWI WWI was from 1914 to 1918 and consisted of France, Great Britain and Russia on one side, and Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy on the other. There were many reasons for the cause of WWI, but in order to find out which one was the most important, it is necessary to look at the alliances, the rivalries between the countries and the Balkan problem. Firstly, it is necessary to look at the alliances in the lead-up to the war. There were alliances between all the main powers involved in the war (on their separate sides). France was allied with Russia with the "Franco-Russian" alliance (1892). Britain was allied with France with the "Entente Cordiale" (1904). Finally in 1907, The "Triple Entente" was made allying France, Britain and Russia together. This was 'one side' in the war and was fairly recent in its alliance unlike the other side in which the complete "Triple" alliance was established in 1882, linking Italy with Austria-Hungary and Germany. ...read more.

Middle

From there, both countries were expecting war having spent so much time preparing for it. Also, the Germans and the French neighbours made war plans for land battles; the Schlieffen Plan and Plan Seventeen. These were created expecting the worst in a war e.g. The Schlieffen plan assumed that Russia and France both declared war on Germany and involved swift tactics to take Paris the attack Russia. These assumptions really boosted the expectations as well, to a point where a conflict would automatically (almost willingly!) turn into a full scale war. This shows that the fierce rivalry between the countries created technological advances and war plans that would all be to waste if not used properly. It was almost like the countries knew what the war would be like and were just waiting for a spark in the gunpowder. Ultimately, it is necessary to look at the problem in the Balkans. The Balkans was under control of by the weakening, Turkish (Ottoman) empire, and wanted freedom. ...read more.

Conclusion

In the end, that was what happened; the heir to Franz Joseph of Austria-Hungary, Franz Ferdinand was assassinated in 1914 while in Serbia. This shows how the Balkan problem grew with Austria-Hungary to a point where war was almost inevitable. In conclusion, looking at all the possible reasons for the outbreak of WWI, the alliances - how they would be dragged in to a conflict, the rivalry - how the tension was very high and the Balkan problem - the rivalry with Austria-Hungary and the Balkans. Each reason is equally important in the cause of the war, and even though the real reason that started war was the assassination of Franz Ferdinand, the main cause showed from the evidence above would be all the tight alliances between the world powers. Purely because it is what caused WWI to be a long, four year war, rather than a battle between two countries, it was the alliances and their interference that up scaled all the battles, and really caused a world war. ...read more.

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