• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Main Reason for the Cause of WWI

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The Main Reason for the Cause of WWI WWI was from 1914 to 1918 and consisted of France, Great Britain and Russia on one side, and Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy on the other. There were many reasons for the cause of WWI, but in order to find out which one was the most important, it is necessary to look at the alliances, the rivalries between the countries and the Balkan problem. Firstly, it is necessary to look at the alliances in the lead-up to the war. There were alliances between all the main powers involved in the war (on their separate sides). France was allied with Russia with the "Franco-Russian" alliance (1892). Britain was allied with France with the "Entente Cordiale" (1904). Finally in 1907, The "Triple Entente" was made allying France, Britain and Russia together. This was 'one side' in the war and was fairly recent in its alliance unlike the other side in which the complete "Triple" alliance was established in 1882, linking Italy with Austria-Hungary and Germany. ...read more.

Middle

From there, both countries were expecting war having spent so much time preparing for it. Also, the Germans and the French neighbours made war plans for land battles; the Schlieffen Plan and Plan Seventeen. These were created expecting the worst in a war e.g. The Schlieffen plan assumed that Russia and France both declared war on Germany and involved swift tactics to take Paris the attack Russia. These assumptions really boosted the expectations as well, to a point where a conflict would automatically (almost willingly!) turn into a full scale war. This shows that the fierce rivalry between the countries created technological advances and war plans that would all be to waste if not used properly. It was almost like the countries knew what the war would be like and were just waiting for a spark in the gunpowder. Ultimately, it is necessary to look at the problem in the Balkans. The Balkans was under control of by the weakening, Turkish (Ottoman) empire, and wanted freedom. ...read more.

Conclusion

In the end, that was what happened; the heir to Franz Joseph of Austria-Hungary, Franz Ferdinand was assassinated in 1914 while in Serbia. This shows how the Balkan problem grew with Austria-Hungary to a point where war was almost inevitable. In conclusion, looking at all the possible reasons for the outbreak of WWI, the alliances - how they would be dragged in to a conflict, the rivalry - how the tension was very high and the Balkan problem - the rivalry with Austria-Hungary and the Balkans. Each reason is equally important in the cause of the war, and even though the real reason that started war was the assassination of Franz Ferdinand, the main cause showed from the evidence above would be all the tight alliances between the world powers. Purely because it is what caused WWI to be a long, four year war, rather than a battle between two countries, it was the alliances and their interference that up scaled all the battles, and really caused a world war. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1900-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1900-1939 essays

  1. Was The Naval Arms Race The Most Important Cause Of The Outbreak Of WWI?

    As the Germans built up their navy, so the Brits had to aswell. They developed a super-ship, more heavily armed and armoured than anything that went before it. It was called the Dreadnought. The Germans then built equivalent ships and so a race to build the most began, The Naval Arms Race.

  2. Explain the importance of the war at sea to the final outcome of WWI

    was the main weapon in the war at sea. This was the main weapon at sea. The new and powerful Dreadnought battleships, along with other ships, were surmised by people to fight. They proved too expensive to risk against the primitive yet affective submarines. These submarines could be launched from German ports and sail underwater without drawing attention that they were even there.

  1. To what extent did nationalism within the Austria-Hungarian Empire contribute to the outbreak of ...

    There was no general assumption of the inevitability of a major war, nor was this the reaction of the Powers on receipt of the news of the Sarajevo assassination. 2. The traditional machinery of diplomacy, which had preserved peace in the past and prevented major conflict since the Congress of

  2. Questions on World War One.

    Note the criticism of French demands; final terms were a diplomatic defeat for France. 5. National ambitions versus the general principle in the Treaty of Sevres: Greece was compensated for her participation in the war by being given the right to set up a colony at Smyrna on the Turkish

  1. As demonstrated by these five historians, the theories on the primary cause of WWI ...

    England was intent on entering the war if France did, and simply utilised the Belgian issue as a guise for this intent. Fay Fay's perspective on the origins of the first war became the most accepted and durable of the revisionist arguments.

  2. Causes of WWI

    Dreadnoughts were large, fast and heavily armed battleships with 12inch guns. They set a new standard in naval armaments and turned all previous battleships 'out of date'. The naval race became intense. Between 1909 and 1911 Germany built nine Dreadnoughts while Britain completed 18 Dreadnoughts.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work