• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Major Reason For the Emancipation of the Slaves In the Spanish Territories.

Extracts from this document...


CARIBBEAN HISTORY THE MAJOR REASON FOR THE EMANCIPATION OF THE SLAVES IN THE SPANISH TERRITORIES. The Spanish were the last to join in the slave trade. The sudden demand for slaves in the Spanish territories resulted from their agricultural revolution. The revolution took place because of a shift in international market demands, the English occupation of Havana, Cuba in 1765-64, the economic reforms of Charles the 3rd (1759-88), the sudden destruction of the French colony of St.Domingue, and the disruptive wars of Latin America's independence movement. In Cuba and Puerto Rico, slavery lasted for more than 40 years after its abolition in the rest of the Caribbean. I believe that the major reason for the Spanish late arrival in the slave trade was due to the above reasons and that emancipation of slaves in the Spanish territories was economic. One of the major arguments put forward by planters in Cuba was that when the slave trade and slavery was abolished in the British colonies in 1834, sugar production fell. Spanish planters did not intend to allow this to happen to them, especially since Cuba was leading the Caribbean in sugar. ...read more.


Not only could machines save time, but also larger and better production output would increase planters' profits tremendously. Curtailed by the law of March, the Spanish government still searched for ways for the slave trade to continue. The consul-general at Sierra Leone wrote on October 3rd, 1848 that slave traders should throw their papers overboard if caught by any enemy country supporting the abolition of the slave trade. Such a gesture would save the Spanish crown �480 sterling, which was the cost for maintaining Spanish marines off the African coast. In addition, this action would prevent the necessity of punishing those who had violated the law of 1845 and "thereby improving the fortunes of the culprits" (Slave Society in Cuba by Franklin Knight). Even with their efforts, the slave trade became extinct as of 1865. The British placed enormous amounts of pressure on the Spanish government to abolish slavery. In defence, Spanish planters normally pointed at their mentor, the United States of America. However, when slavery was abolished in 1865, they no longer had any excuses. ...read more.


Puerto Rican planters, on the other hand, had stated bluntly that their government was already in the process of organising the class of free, daily paid labourers. Sugar was not the major crop on that island. In that regard, Puerto Rico was unique among the Caribbean. The slave had not gained the economic importance he had in Cuba. Puerto Ricans had failed to see the necessity of maintaining slavery. They sent delegates in 1866 to demand the abolition of slavery on both moral and economic grounds, claiming: No really acceptable reason can be given for its continuation in Puerto Rico. The general wealth of the island does not need it: its disappearance will not affect any productive element and the self- interest of the owners must demand the overthrow of that institution. �From Columbus to Castro By Eric Williams In not placing its sole importance on sugar, Puerto Rico avoided the full force of the economic blow that her Spanish sister, Cuba, later experienced. Slavery in Puerto Rico was abolished in 1870. The economic disadvantages of slavery were therefore the major reason for its abolition in both Puerto Rico and Cuba. Slavery in Cuba was abolished on October 7, 1886. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1945-1991 essays

  1. The Cold War - major events. Revision notes.

    with 1.6 billion dollars * Ngo Dinh Diem 1) he was anti-communist, prepared to imprison communists 2) He showed little respect for the Buddhist religion of Vietnamese peasants 3) His regime was extremely corrupt 4) In 1963 he was overthrown by his own army leaders -> following govt. Also corrupt * Actions of south govrnmet increased support of peasants

  2. The Cuban Missile Crisis: Was President Kennedy the Saviour of the Cuban Missile Crisis?

    In return for the removal of all Soviet missiles from Cuba, Kennedy agreed to remove some of the hundreds of US missiles in Europe that were targeted at the Soviet Union. Accordingly, in November 1962 the Soviets dismantled their weapons on the island and a few months later the US government reciprocated by withdrawing missiles from Britain, Italy and Turkey.


    What evidence is there that they were a success? 65% more than a total for 1957 was produced. (11 million tonnes) What evidence is there that they were not? Yes, the steel was impure and of poor quality, so it cracked easily. Which argument is the more persuasive? That the steel was impure and cracked easily.

  2. Castro's revolution: WOMEN

    Attitudes towards the women by some of the main guerrilla leaders has also damaged the perception of women in the revolution. Che Guevara's notebook includes this quote about M-26-7 women: But also in this state [the guerilla struggle] a woman can perform her habitual tasks of peacetime; it is very

  1. In February 1943, the German army surrendered at Stalingrad. Was Hitler's interference the main ...

    For the Russians, the winter was a fact of life they were accustomed to coping with; they were prepared for it, and their equipment was designed to operate under such conditions.

  2. Forty years ago on New Year's Day, dictator Fulginio Baptista fled Havana.

    in January 1962 and the U.S. imposed a total economic blockade on Cuba, which continues till this day. This was followed by the Cuban missile crisis of October 1962, which brought the world to the brink of a nuclear holocaust.

  1. The United States policy towards Cuba.

    Kennedy also announced that the US forces would confiscate "offensive weapons and associated material" entering the quarantined zone. None of the Soviet ships that entered the quarantined zone were carrying such cargoes; most of the Soviet ships bound for Cuba stayed well clear of the zone.

  2. Cold War Summary, quotes and revision notes.

    with Soviet weapons and clearly backed by Soviet Union invaded South Korea in a bid to reunite country * 3 days --> captured Seoul (capital of South Korea) * US saw invasion of South as Soviet plot extend their sphere of influence in Asia * American motion seeking UN help

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work