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The Munich Putsch, November 1923 The Munich Putsch (arms revolt or coup) was an attempt to overthrow the government by Hitler

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Introduction

Robert Hicks The Munich Putsch, November 1923 The Munich Putsch (arms revolt or coup) was an attempt to overthrow the government by Hitler and the Nazis. Hitler's aim was to take control (advantage) of the social and political problems that were troubling Germany at that time, then march on to Berlin to set up a dictatorship. The Bavarian leader - Gustav Von Khar - was a monarchist and was in favour of Bavaria becoming an independent state. Khar set up a meeting in the Munich Beer Hall on the 8th November 1923 with the commander of the Bavarian army - Otto Von Lossow - to discuss items dealing with a possible breakaway by Bavaria, in order for it to become independent. This was very much against Hitler's views and ideas because he wanted a united Germany. Hitler attended the meeting with the aim of overthrowing the government and taking full control. Outside he had 600 SA members guarding the hall and twenty armed brown shirts poised at his signal to take control. ...read more.

Middle

Meaning that they could then obviously see for themselves that nowhere had been seized and make alternate plans. In retrospect the whole attempt was a very good thing for Hitler. It created media frenzy during the trial; Hitler was never away from the front pages of the papers for twenty one days, across the entire country. This gave him a celebrity status which could only be an advantage to the party. Also while he was in prison he wrote 'Mein Kampf' and the proceeds from the book went straight to the party so that they could fund its propaganda programme. While he was in prison he also realised that he couldn't topple the government using his previous methods. He decided that the way to win was to bring down the democratic system from within - he would use democracy to gain power - then once in power he would then discard democracy. A famous quote from Hitler backs this fact up "If we can't out shoot them, we'll out vote them" Gregor Strasser Gregor Strasser was a German war hero who was awarded the IC for bravery during World War One. ...read more.

Conclusion

To reach his targets he had to stage manage the proceedings to get Strasser and his delegates to tow the line. Hitler chose Bamberg because it was an area that had a very high nationalistic majority and therefore they were sympathetic to his views. He handled the delegates with ease and instead of the meeting being a debate; it ended up being a long rambling speech by Hitler. Within the crowds cheering he pleaded with Strasser to not forget the memory of the National Socialists and eventually brought the two sides together - although differences remained and the problems within the party were far from over. This stage onwards saw the recovery of the Nazis lost ground. By mid 1926 Hitler was back in control of the Nazi party. Because of the dwindling membership and the lack of new recruits, Hitler decided that the parties' image needed reviving. He set up an elite force responsible for his own protection, a bodyguard of men. They were to be known as the Schutzstaffel or SS and they would play a major role in Nazi rule over Germany in the future. 1 ...read more.

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