• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Munich Putsch, November 1923 The Munich Putsch (arms revolt or coup) was an attempt to overthrow the government by Hitler

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Robert Hicks The Munich Putsch, November 1923 The Munich Putsch (arms revolt or coup) was an attempt to overthrow the government by Hitler and the Nazis. Hitler's aim was to take control (advantage) of the social and political problems that were troubling Germany at that time, then march on to Berlin to set up a dictatorship. The Bavarian leader - Gustav Von Khar - was a monarchist and was in favour of Bavaria becoming an independent state. Khar set up a meeting in the Munich Beer Hall on the 8th November 1923 with the commander of the Bavarian army - Otto Von Lossow - to discuss items dealing with a possible breakaway by Bavaria, in order for it to become independent. This was very much against Hitler's views and ideas because he wanted a united Germany. Hitler attended the meeting with the aim of overthrowing the government and taking full control. Outside he had 600 SA members guarding the hall and twenty armed brown shirts poised at his signal to take control. ...read more.

Middle

Meaning that they could then obviously see for themselves that nowhere had been seized and make alternate plans. In retrospect the whole attempt was a very good thing for Hitler. It created media frenzy during the trial; Hitler was never away from the front pages of the papers for twenty one days, across the entire country. This gave him a celebrity status which could only be an advantage to the party. Also while he was in prison he wrote 'Mein Kampf' and the proceeds from the book went straight to the party so that they could fund its propaganda programme. While he was in prison he also realised that he couldn't topple the government using his previous methods. He decided that the way to win was to bring down the democratic system from within - he would use democracy to gain power - then once in power he would then discard democracy. A famous quote from Hitler backs this fact up "If we can't out shoot them, we'll out vote them" Gregor Strasser Gregor Strasser was a German war hero who was awarded the IC for bravery during World War One. ...read more.

Conclusion

To reach his targets he had to stage manage the proceedings to get Strasser and his delegates to tow the line. Hitler chose Bamberg because it was an area that had a very high nationalistic majority and therefore they were sympathetic to his views. He handled the delegates with ease and instead of the meeting being a debate; it ended up being a long rambling speech by Hitler. Within the crowds cheering he pleaded with Strasser to not forget the memory of the National Socialists and eventually brought the two sides together - although differences remained and the problems within the party were far from over. This stage onwards saw the recovery of the Nazis lost ground. By mid 1926 Hitler was back in control of the Nazi party. Because of the dwindling membership and the lack of new recruits, Hitler decided that the parties' image needed reviving. He set up an elite force responsible for his own protection, a bodyguard of men. They were to be known as the Schutzstaffel or SS and they would play a major role in Nazi rule over Germany in the future. 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. The Munich Putsch: success or failure?

    He declared a revolution and persuaded Kahr and his ministers to support him in overthrowing the Reich Government. Hitler decided to undertake this Putsch for numerous reasons. Firstly, Weimar seemed to be collapsing and the invasion of the Ruhr and Hyperinflation added to Germany's woes.

  2. Was The Munich Putsch a Success or a Failure?

    Hitlers's time in jail gave him a lot of time to think he rethought his strategies realizing he couldn't take the whole of Germany by sheer brute force like he initially planned to but would have to take on a democratic approach and get the people support and elect him

  1. Why did the Munich putsch fail?

    This was bad for Hitler and his planning. Why would people march against a chancellor that is helping the country, this was a bad decision for Hitler to try and take over the party at force at this stage of time because the country was improving not destabilising.

  2. Weimar, 1918 - 1923

    Major support came from the Navy. At 5:00 a.m. on March 13th, the government left Berlin, finally setting up a seat of government in Stuttgart. The National Assembly convened on March 13th and 14th. The government denounced Kapp and L�ttwitz as national traitors.

  1. The Munich Putsch.

    Hitler found his main support in the form of a retired army chief named Ludendorff, Ludendorff held the respect of the army and he thought that the army would join him in an attempt on Munich. Hitler also had support from the most powerful men in Bavaria, Kahr, Lossow and

  2. Why did Hitler launch the Munich Putsch in 1923 and why did it fail?

    The French didn't believe the Germans so they invaded the Ruhr Valley and took control, they said they were taking what they were owed. The German government said this was an outrage and that it was a huge violation of the Treaty of Versailles, the government told the workers to

  1. What was the significance of the Munich Putsch for the development of the Nazi ...

    Before 1923 the Nazi party was a paramilitary party but Hitler realised that this would have to change and stated that ?we will need to hold our noses and enter the Reichstag?. Hitler?s plan was to gain power through democracy and use the powers given to him through democracy to destroy democracy.

  2. How far was the Kapp Putsch the major reason for instability between 1919 and ...

    had adamantly refused to allow 'Reichswehr [to] fire on Reichswehr,? or genuinely aid Ebert, was soon appointed chief of army command, and the judiciary was surprisingly lenient toward all those involved in Kapp?s right-wing revolt, finding guilty only one of 705 prosecuted[1].

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work